Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Research Paper:
Involved people in these illegal transfers take advantage of institutional weaknesses and corruption to achieve their objectives.
One of the constant features found along the research is the weak handling of systematic information by the state authorities, especially from the police bodies. At the same time, the lack of channels that facilitate the free access to information about official proceedings make it difficult for the citizens to take part in solving the problem (ibid.).
The borders' porosity is another risk for democracy because bordering zones are strategic spaces for different illicit traffics which look to be controlled by organized crime. Internationalization of crime and its organization structures represent a problem for national security and for the region's stability.
Illegal traffic of fire arms is associated with other illicit traffics which are complemented mainly with drug traffic. Economic resources generated with those actions at the sideline of law are higher than state budgets of the region and groups involved possess very flexible structures, with amazing levels for adjustment and alliances that go beyond borders. Information from the United Nations reveal that drug traffic reached a volume of resources above the ones generated with the oil trade.
This has allowed the organized crime to control territory, even by consent of their population who get involved in illicit activities.
Governments from the region must give answers to this problem collectively. Confiscation of arms, with exceptions, respond to police operations addressed to the illegal possession of fire arms and not to fight the illegal trade and traffic (ibid.).
The lack of a regional strategy leads to the official denial of the role each country plays in the traffic routes. These weaknesses translate in the scarce importance given to the formation of officials and units to face the illegal traffic of fire arms.
Furthermore, there are regional and international instruments that should comprise the legal framework and frame of reference for the State's actions, but they need to be assumed and applied by national governments: CIFTA and the Central American Democratic Security Framework Treaty are some of them. But it is evident that officers and justice operators do not know about them. The Central American Police Chiefs Association or the Central American Integration
System could be some of the spaces in which
formative processes could be generated and specific policies formulated (ibid.)
In this short essay, the author has looked at the illicit arms trade in South and Central America and how that affects U.S. foreign policy regionally and globally. In Central and South America, the drug trade and the arms trade are completely linked. The problems of drug trafficking and the illicit arms trade are phenomena that are essentially related. It is practically impossible to deal with each issue separately.
As illicit trades, they account for the largest sectors of the black market.
They generally use the same routes, although arms production and the demand for illicit drugs are found in industrialized countries like the U.S., whereas illicit drugs production and the demand for weapons are found in the so-called developing world such as Central and South America. The war in Columbia between Marxist rebels and the Columbian government is at the epicenter of this trade and draws the U.S. almost inevitably deeper into conflict there. Without a coordinated response from all of the countries in the region, there will be little likelihood of resolving the problem there any time soon and bringing the conflict to a peaceful end.
Camacho, Daniel Avila . " Interrelationship between Drug Trafficking and the Illicit Arms Trade."
Unidir.org. Unidir.org, 2012. Web. 9 Apr 2012.
Cullinan, Jeanna . "Latin American Leaders Demand Action on Illicit Arms Trafficking ."
Insightcrime.org. Insightcrime.org, 11 November 2011. Web. 9 Apr 2012.
Godoy, Emilio. "The More Guns, the More Violence." IPS. Ipsnews.net, 10 September 2009. Web. 9
"FARC's illegal arms depend on Venezuelan-Colombian patch." Flare. Flare, 10 August 2010. Web. 9
Goehsing, Julia. A Multi-Pronged Approach to Transnational Criminal Networks: The Case of Latin
America and the Caribbean. Obregon, Mexico: Instituto Technologico Autonomo de Mexico,
2006. 1-32. Web.
"The Problem of Illegal Fire Arms in Central America." Iepades.org. Iepades.org, 2006. Web. 9 Apr
Stohl, Rachel. "The Tangled Web of Illicit Arms Trafficking." www.americanprogress.org.
www.americanprogress.org, 2012. Web. 9 Apr 2012.
stohl.pdf>. Stohl, Rachel. "The Tangled Web of Illicit Arms Trafficking."
www.americanprogress.org. www.americanprogress.org, 2012. Web. 9 Apr 2012.
Stohl, Rachel, and Tuttle, Doug. "The Small Arms Trade in Latin America." Cdi.org. Cdi.org, 2008.
Web. 9 Apr 2012.
"Illicit Arms Trade In South" (2012, April 10) Retrieved December 7, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/illicit-arms-trade-in-south-56075
"Illicit Arms Trade In South" 10 April 2012. Web.7 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/illicit-arms-trade-in-south-56075>
"Illicit Arms Trade In South", 10 April 2012, Accessed.7 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/illicit-arms-trade-in-south-56075
The author mentioned that rather than only tying the drug consumption with unemployment, urban drug culture, and other factors, one needs to view the drug pervasiveness issues in light of distribution channels as well. The author mentioned that South East Asia's Golden Triangle was the hub of opium trade to the world. Thai-Burma border was used by the Yunnan province drug lords to change opium into marijuana and heroin.
"In the case of arms trafficking," they advise, "there are arms dealers eager to sell AK-47s to conflict zones all over the world. There are shipping and air transport services willing and able to transport the weapons to warlords who are destabilizing much of West Africa. The warlords trade diamonds for guns, and the arms brokers and transporters in turn launder the diamonds with brokers in Antwerp and deposit
Government Since gang-related crimes fall within the jurisdiction of state, this research will give an insight on the need to find solutions that increasingly include all levels of government. Congress needs to pass legislation that will change immigration enforcement laws and make more aliens deportable. In addition, the federal government should take a more active participation in helping local and state jurisdictions develop anti-gang responses. The local, state and federal governments
Mexico faces an array of drug-related problems ranging from production and transshipment of illicit drugs to corruption, violence, and increased internal drug abuse. Powerful and well-organized Mexican organizations control drug production and trafficking in and through Mexico, as well as the laundering of drug proceeds. These organizations also have made a concerted effort to corrupt and intimidate Mexican law enforcement and public officials. In addition, the geographic proximity of
Diamond Wars in Western Africa Throughout Western Africa, the quest for diamonds has taken control of many of people and affected the stability of economic and governmental status throughout the nation. The diamond mines have caused civil wars, which have resulted in many casualties over the years. Possibly the major cause of the diamond wars is human nature, as it is human nature that sparks the desire to own diamonds. Due to
Those officials who did look at the question of Japanese intentions decided that Japan would never attack, because to do so would be irrational. Yet what might seem irrational to one country may seem perfectly logical to another country that has different goals, values, and traditions. (Kessler 98) The failures apparent in the onset of World War II and during the course of the war led indirectly to the creation
geopolitics in today's world. Specifically it will discuss three theoretical approaches to geopolitics the class has studied. The three approaches are Makinder's approach to geopolitics in Eurasia and the "pivot principle," Harrison's theory of the polar-projection, globe vs. map theory, and the Thomas Barnett theory of the power of terrorism and fear and its effect on the world's cartography. Geopolitics has grown in importance and influence since the turn