Immigrants on Economy of Taiwan Term Paper
- Length: 11 pages
- Sources: 15
- Subject: History - Asian
- Type: Term Paper
- Paper: #24877111
Excerpt from Term Paper :
The country was itself full of immigrants that were permitted to perform their professional and technical services and advocacy to strengthen the industrial performance of the country, and fulfill the shortage of the required manpower. The return of the migrants further supported the local government in its quest of introducing economic and industrial reforms in the country. However at parallel the government also invited and allowed the inflow of the foreign workers to handle the distribution of manpower efficiently.
ROLE OF GOVERNMENT
The local students who are pursue their higher education abroad are the ambassadors of the Taiwan and its ideology, these students are the country's interface with the 'global economy, managing and enhancing the solid manufacturing base promoted by the basic education policy'(Taiwan: From Developing to Mature Economy). The government has focused on Taiwanese diaspora for promoting the involvement of the internationally acquired acumen through both the physical return of migrants and their participation from overseas.
Foreigners pour in their capital and technical expertise to support the already market infrastructure set by the country i.e. low-tech, labor-intensive export manufacturing. With the increase in the wages and skills levels, the local firms adopted technological modes for technological processing, and designing. The services of the Taiwanese living abroad and immigrants were hired for establishing formal and informal connections to draw on the expertise and business connections. 'Taiwan's export-oriented industrial sector made the skills of returned migrants easily transferable' (Taiwan: From Developing to Mature Economy). The local companies attracted the migrants; these migrants were popularly known as astronauts because many of them commuted to and from Silicon Valley. By the end of 1987, more than 20% of the local companies' executives were either migrants or immigrants. The large number of migrants, rich with technical and managerial expertise played crucial and significant role in the rapid and steady growth of the country's economy.
The government upon realizing the importance of migrants and immigrants formulated such policies that appreciated and supported the return of the migrants, and arrival of the immigrants. National Youth Council was created in 1970's for providing medium of correspondence to the Taiwanese industrialist and migrants. The objective of the council is to keep record of the migrants, and their area of specialization and services. The council also provides overseas job opportunities, travel subsidies and temporary job placement to potential returnees. 'The National Science Council and Ministry of Education have also recruited thousands of migrants as professors and visiting lecturers for the country's growing universities' (Taiwan Local News).
Hinschu is science based industrial park; the advent is viewed as most celebrated achievement of the government in promoting the interest on the migrants, and providing them with series of opportunities to apply and invest their potential for the growth of the country. The inspiration of the park comes from Silicon Valley; the park is an area of dense concentration of experts and professionals. The project was launched in 1980, upon the availability of the finances from the government, the government desired to planned infrastructure for companies relocating to or forming in the area.
The government arranges international conferences periodically for providing access to knowledge and technological advents. The government also offers subsidized western-style housing and commercial services. The park has been successful in attracting international technological companies, and number of migrants and immigrants through the world to Taiwan. The park generated more than $28billion in sales in 200, and currently there is workforce of more than hundred thousand providing and applying their expertise and skills. Almost 5000 of the returned migrants and immigrants are employed in the park; more than 50% of the companies established in the park were launched by U.S.-educated Taiwanese and international immigrants, who immigrated with business intentions. Around 500 of the returnees were PhD's, proving that migrants are much educated than the average worker employed. 70 of the companies established in the park have their offices in Silicon Valley. The park is major contributor to the country's strong economic growth.
The migrants have played significant part in supporting and further strengthening the overall economic, political and social infrastructure of the country, Taiwan has achieved appreciable growth and successful by hiring the services of the migrants. The country has achieved tremendous growth and economic returns by making reasonable investing and adopting moderate policies for securing the interests of the expatriates. The country has subsidized the education up to the mark required by the national economy. The government did not invest significantly on the advanced education, with a fear that educated professionals will leave the country and thus offering nothing in return. The country therefore invested more on the basic education and vocational programs, in accordance with the demands of the domestic market. The policy of prioritizing strong basic education supported the interaction with international migrants.
The migrants were brain reserve for the country, the government encouraged the involvement of the expatriates to assist and support the local industrialist with knowledge and resources to apply the latest technological means for increasing productivity. The Taiwanese industries received critical expertise from the people whose advanced education was not supported by their taxes. According to observers, Taiwan began to benefit from its emigrants even before developing to the point where it could attract their return. The migrants provided practical and theoretical knowledge and expertise along with business connections to both the public and the private sector. The country was successful was creating conditions that supported the return of the migrants on massive scale. The return of the migrants at parallel also supported and nurtured the local population, the local population now has the possible tools and resources which can be utilized for high returns and profitability and completion of the objectives. Hinschu, a science based industrial park promoted and supported critical mass of creative, western educated people, and was ideal workplace for the returnees. However such activities can only be launched for encouraging the migrants to return, if and only the economic and political indicators are positive. The migrants have to be ensured that their skills will be incorporated suitable manner, and their skills will be acknowledged, respected and appreciated. Taiwan has successfully adopted such policies which have convinced the migrants of safety, comfort and good returns. The policies of Taiwanese government exhibits diverse range of public policies that can successfully maneuver the migration of the expatriates.
Chow, Peter. (2001) Social Expenditures in Taiwan. Washington: World Bank.
Luo, Yu-Ling and Wei-Jen Wang. (2002) High-skill migration and Chinese Taipei's industrial development. In: OECD, International Mobility of the Highly Skilled. Paris, OECD.
Ranis, Gustav. ed. (1992) Taiwan: From Developing to Mature Economy. Boulder, Colo. Westview.
Wu, Kin Bing. (1993) Science and Technology Education in Taiwan. World Bank Education and Social Policy Discussion Series Paper no. 13.
Roger Mark Selya., Development and Demographic changes in Taiwan (1945-1995).
United Nations - Business & Economics., World Economic and Social Survey: Trends and Policies in the World Economy.
United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific - Business & Economics., Migration Pattern and Policies in the Asian ands Pacific Region.
Global Economic Prospects: Realizing the Development Promise of the Doha Agenda - Page 160.
Andreas Schloenhardt., Migrant Smuggling: illegal migration and organized crime in Australia and the Asia Pacific region - Page 38.
Melissa J. Brown - Social Science., Is Taiwan Chinese?: the impact of culture, power, and migration on changing identities - Page 153.
Arland Thornton, Hui-Sheng Lin - Family & Relationships
Social Change and the Family in Taiwan.
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations.,
Taiwan: Hearings, Feb. 5 -- 22, 1979.
Michael W. Charney, Brenda S.A. Yeoh, Chee Kiong Tong - Social Science Chinese Migrants Abroad: Cultural, Educational, and Social Dimensions of the Chinese Diaspora.
Alvin Y. So., The Chinese Triangle of Mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong: comparative institutional analyses - Page 267.
Jose V Ciprut.,
Of Fears and Foes: security and insecurity in an evolving global political economy - Page 151.
Anru. Lee., In the Name of Harmony and Prosperity: Labor and Gender Politics in Taiwan's Economic Restructuring - Page 132.
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Asian and Pacific Affairs, United…