Juvenile Corrections Before the Expansion Research Paper

Download this Research Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Research Paper:

Juvenile facilities provide intensive and specialized therapeutic programs with brilliant results. The juvenile placed in juveniles' corrections enjoy an education-centered curriculum and trained staff that functions exclusively with the juvenile offenders' population. On the contrary, those juvenile held in adult jails and prisons do not enjoy these services (Siegel 2009, 671). Understanding that juveniles hold different emotional, safety, social and physical requirements from adult offenders, guidelines requiring certified juveniles to get placements in divergent setting other than adult prisons and jails is paramount. More than sixteen states in America hold certified juveniles in juvenile corrections and not in adult prison until these offenders reach eighteen years.

Six states hold juvenile in juvenile facilities until they attain the age of 21. Pennsylvania and Virginia passed the laws requiring that juveniles, regardless of their crime, get placement in juvenile correction facilities and not in adult jails (Dietch 2011, p.11). This is because juvenile facilities as opposed to adult prisons and jails acknowledges the significance of vocational programs aimed at helping juvenile offenders fit in the society once they are out of the corrections facilities. Exclusive recreational and educational programs are present in juvenile facilities and are beneficial to those tried as juvenile and placed in juvenile correction facilities. Those tried as adults and placed in adult prisons and jails do not enjoy these facilities. Adult prison officials do not include juvenile offenders into programs established for adult offenders because of safety reasons.

Apparently, relocation of juvenile offenders to adult court system does not help in curbing juvenile crime. Instead, a community-centered devotion is paramount as it helps in handling problem linked to behaviors prior to certifying a juvenile offender as an adult. Delinquency prevention and powerful parenting besides involving juvenile in law-abiding and productive activities, is the way to go to prevent crimes among juveniles (Elrod & Ryder 2011, p.232). Children with a record of serious crime or serious offenders should face isolation from the society and taken into juvenile correction facilities to shield the public from their harm and put to remission their influence to other children. Those with mental health issues should receive services of trained mental health practitioners. Most juvenile offenders experiences mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, mental retardation to mention but a few. Others suffer from drug and alcohol abuse. From this perspective, juvenile correction staff requires adequate training in order to handle mental disorders among the young offenders (Elrod & Ryder 2011, p.232). Untrained staff only makes the problem of juvenile offenders with mental health issues worse and these offenders may stay for longer periods in corrections facilities.

It is common for juveniles accused of heinous and serious crimes to receive trial as adults. Judicial waiver facilities allow juveniles to received adult trial for serious crimes (Siegel 2010, p.467). A judge from a juvenile court can decide to waive jurisdiction and transfer a case to a criminal court where the perpetrator of the crime receives an adult trial. This process has other names, which are "certifying cases to criminal court" or "binding over." When a judge waives a case into the criminal court and the trial judge decides that the criminal is can get better service in juvenile court, the judge orders a reverse waiver. However, the reverse waiver is applicable in 25 states in America while 31 states do not allow the reverse waiver (Siegel 2010, p.467).

One of the greatest fears of trying juveniles as adults is that juveniles will serve their jail term in adult prisons where they get exposure to adults who are experienced criminals. Such children will learn how to perform serious crimes besides becoming targets for adult predators. Juveniles held in adult jails and prisons experiences 5 times risks of becoming victims of attempted rapes or sexual attacks compared to those held in juvenile correction facilities (Siegel 2010, p.467). The suicide rate for children held in adult jails and prisons is almost 8 times higher than those of children held in juvenile detention centers.

Some Juvenile tried as adults spend their time in adult jails and may become involved in adults' day-to-day life. Such children do not get adequate education, counseling, treatment and mentoring provided in juvenile facilities, which are small with much lower staff-to-inmate ratios. Although some adult jails and prisons offer access to education and treatment, young offenders lose on building the comparatively helpful, mentoring centered style of intimate-staff interactions offered in juvenile facilities. According to Siegel (2010, p.468), direct waiver rules hold little effect on juvenile violent crime rates. Moreover, children waived to adult courts receive harsher punishment and are risky and unable to get rehabilitation. Waived juveniles spend more time in juvenile correction facilities awaiting trial. Transfer decisions are not fair and proof has it that minorities get judicial waiver to adult court system at greater rate than their population representation. Over 40% of all waived juveniles are African-Americans (Siegel 2010, p.468).


The problems of juveniles processed in adult justice systems a critical one. Approximately eight thousand juvenile delinquency cases get relocations to adult justice system each year (Siegel 2010, p.467). While some people consider the waiver procedure as a suitable technique for getting the most severe juvenile offenders off the streets, others view it a detrimental to juvenile offenders. If a child injuries someone with a weapon, or has a long record in the juvenile court, chances are that such a child will face adult trial. Waiver decision has its supporters, but scores of experts questions its usefulness. Opponents of waiver argue that waiver holds more harm than good to the child, community and the entire society (Siegel 2010, p.467).

Reference List

Deitch, M 2011. Juveniles in the adult criminal justice system in Texas.…[continue]

Cite This Research Paper:

"Juvenile Corrections Before The Expansion" (2013, February 18) Retrieved October 21, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/juvenile-corrections-before-the-expansion-86017

"Juvenile Corrections Before The Expansion" 18 February 2013. Web.21 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/juvenile-corrections-before-the-expansion-86017>

"Juvenile Corrections Before The Expansion", 18 February 2013, Accessed.21 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/juvenile-corrections-before-the-expansion-86017

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Criminal Justice Explain Community Corrections

    This may mean an expansion of white-collar task forces designed to investigate such crimes. Question Predictions are that terrorist will continue to commit heinous criminal acts against our citizens in the future. If this prediction comes true, what, if any, effects will this have on the corrections system. Will Criminal Justice Administrators need to rethink what "model" (more punitive or restorative model) of justice should be used if more and more

  • America One Enduring Aspect of

    Although Friedman claims that the use of religion as a common bond among early Americans is no longer relevant, there are scores of Americans who still believe that the nation is essentially a Christian one. The identity of Tea Party people is inextricably tied into an identity that may seem outmoded to many Americans. Yet to the Tea Party, their identity is more American than any apple pie. Most Americans

  • Court Management Policy Proposal

    Court Management Policy Proposal The retributive and rehabilitative approaches of justice are dominant, and research suggests that they have disappointed the juvenile legal system. The rise in youth crime and critiques of the juvenile legal approaches has led to demands for reforms in the way of charging youth offenders. The retributive approach of justice suggests that juvenile offenses are violations against the state and holds the state accountable for sentencing youth

  • Program for Training Correctional Officers

    Correcting Corrections Program for training correctional officers The rehabilitative nature of incarceration depends to a great extent on the environment that an inmate experiences. If an incoming prisoner enters a world filled with corruption, drugs, and crime the potential for rehabilitation is nonexistent. Given the prevalence of corruption among correctional officers (COs), including ties to organized crime and street/prison gangs, reinstating the goal of rehabilitation in prisons and jails will require a

  • Public Policy Alternatives to Improve

    S. General Accounting Office (GAO) estimates' in 1991 stated that nearly 30% of those incarcerated had used drugs daily in the month before committing the offense for which they were in prison. By the year 2003 there were approximately 6.9 million individuals either on probation, in mail, or in prison which equals 32% of all U.S. adults residents or 1 out of every 32 adults. (U.S. Bureau of Justice Corrections

  • Privacy for High School Students

    Internet: Privacy for High School Students An Analysis of Privacy Issues and High School Students in the United States Today In the Age of Information, the issue of invasion of privacy continues to dominate the headlines. More and more people, it seems, are becoming victims of identity theft, one of the major forms of privacy invasion, and personal information on just about everyone in the world is available at the click of

  • Proactive Policing

    Proactive Policing There is generally a concept that police respond only after a crime is committed. However, now police do have opportunities to be proactive. Today proactive policing has emerged as the key to a booming future in crime prevention and control. Now police uncompromisingly carries out required investigation and works with citizens and social service groups in order to contain crime-breeding conditions and decrease the rate of street crime. Proactive/community policing

Read Full Research Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved