Learning Styles the Theory of Honey and Essay

Download this Essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Essay:

Learning Styles

The theory of Honey and Mumford, describes the styles and learning strategies. It incorporates much of the theory of Kolb's learning cycle, making it more intelligible.

It is important to discuss these strategies with students. (Marsick and Watkins, p132-51) While this allows the teacher to become aware of the need to vary their teaching because they do not exist in universal, it also allows learners to realize that everyone learns differently.

So its dominant learning strategies can influence its working methods and student personnel can then optimize them. It may also become more self-confidence. Honey and Mumford (1986) take away from Kolb (1984) the idea of an experiential learning model in four stages they call: experience, the return on experience, drawing conclusions and planning. (Waring and Evans, p117-28)

According to them, each phase has specific behaviors and attitudes and is important to successfully complete the learning process itself. But most people, through the successes and failures of their behavior in their attempts to learn, develop preferences that make them "love" certain specific phases of the process. (Marsick and Watkins, p132-51)

Models overview

To the extent that these phases are preferred by individuals, they define four learning styles, each corresponding to "a description of attitudes and behaviors that determine a preferred way of learning by an individual" (Honey and Mumford, 1992). The four learning styles according to Honey and Mumford (1992) are the current style, thinking style, style theorist and pragmatic style. The active style describes the behavior of the person who favors the attitudes and behaviors specific to the phase of experience, style reflected those of the return phase of the experiment and the theorist style, those of the formulation phase conclusions, and pragmatic style, those in the planning phase. (Waring and Evans, p117-28)

People who have a strong preference for the style reflected like to step back and think about situations and examine different points-of-view. They gather data firsthand, and find other sources; they choose to sift through the internal reflection before drawing a conclusion. (Marquardt, p45-49)

The important thing for them is their exhaustive data collection and analysis, decision making is deferred to final maturity as distant as possible. They are essentially conservative. They love to explore all sides of an issue and consider all possible implications before doing something.

They prefer to stay away in meetings and discussions, taking pleasure in watching people in action. They listen carefully to others and expect to know where they are coming from before issuing their opinions. They tend to be discreet, quiet, calm and tolerant. When they occur, their act is set in a context that takes into account the present and the past, their views and those of others.

The style theorist

People who have a strong preference for the style theorist organize their observations and integrate them into systems theoretical complex but logical. They address the problems vertically, following logical steps which are chained. (Lam, p439-52)

They combine disparate elements to coherent theories. They tend to be perfectionists and are satisfied when they have managed to organize the elements of their research and to insert them into a rational scheme. They like to analyze and synthesize. They are interested in basic assumptions, principles, theoretical models and systems of thought. (Waring and Evans, p117-28)

For Kolb (1984) the four modes are based on two bipolar dimensions, concrete-abstract and active-reflective, each involving a tension, a conflict between these two poles: the pole concrete (immersion in the concrete experience) versus the pole abstract (abstract conceptualization), the pole reflexive (thinking about the experience) versus the active pole (active experimentation). Learning style is the result of this preferred choice of one of the two poles on each of two dimensions. (Marquardt, p45-49)

Thus, theoretically, the four poles, in pairs, can define four possible learning styles: convergent, divergent, assimilation and accommodation. The individual style converge (abstract / active) uses abstract conceptualization and active experimentation. The individual style differ (concrete / reflective) favors concrete experience and reflective observation. The individual style assimilator (reflective / abstract) tends to use reflective observation and conceptual abstraction. The individual style accommodation (active / concrete) favors active experimentation and concrete experience. (Kozhevnikov, p464-81)

The presence of two bipolar factors anticipated by Kolb (1984) does not seem supported by research. According to Ruble and Stout (1990) the four modes of learning seem to be relatively independent constructs rather than bipolar opposites so. Cornwell, Manfredo and Dunlap (1991) and Cornwell and Manfredo (1994) question the validity of concept of bipolar dimensions, advocating more of a four-factor model. Fortin, Chevrier and Amyot (1998) abound in the same direction as previous studies. According to them, the four-factor model corresponding to the theoretical model of Honey and Mumford (1986, 1992) appears the most appropriate model.

Challenges and advantages of being a mature learner!

The person who dwells in the conceptualization little (do not think, do not think) is usually perceived as being very intelligent and even stupid. Teachers can play a leading role in encouraging him to understand complex situations, by questioning the links it does, the rules, the principles it can release. The learner could be given the opportunity to question the logic, reasoning behind the methodology, to look for contradictions, oppositions in an argument, to identify and analyze the reasons provided.

Emphasize the relevance of his reading of the facts, tell him how it is articulated, nuanced, intelligent, believing that it has such resources although she makes little use are just some examples of interventions that can strengthen behavior learning desired and even produce changes in self-image. (Waring and Evans, p117-28) The deployment of such attitudes and such behavior could contribute to this attraction to rise to new experiences and allow the learner to confront their core beliefs.

The person who avoids taking action (not acting), experimenting, and experiencing anxiety as it can carry out the project. At the thought of displeasing or face a failure, it stops. It can be convinced that it must be perfect to be loved, it can not in any way make mistakes or be wrong, and it must do more than what is required. Remind him clear expectations for the business, help it to be realistic and less demanding to understand the gap between expectations and what is required, encourage her to reflect on what applications 'she has learned about the benefits of implementing a specific action plan are some ways to encourage action. (Vermunt, p78-79)

While adopting the idea of Kolb model of experiential learning into four phases, Honey and Mumford (1992) do not posit any underlying bipolar dimension. Learning style is designed as a tendency to focus differentially behaviors and attitudes at each stage of learning (Honey and Mumford, 1992). The four learning styles, corresponding to four phases of experiential learning, are active, reflective, theorist and pragmatist.

Honey and Mumford (1986, 1992) described the four basic styles and the learning environment of their own. What characterizes the person who favors the active mode is the open mind, enthusiasm for everything that is new, his taste for teamwork, the person who has a strong preference for the method is distinguished by its thoughtful step back persons and things, by his need to listen and take a distance the person has a profile of learning theorist is one who loves go further reflection, she likes to analyze, synthesize, explain, follow a logical approach, the person with a profile pragmatic interest in the practical application and testing ideas and theories.

The world is perceived as dangerous, he fears the criticism of people, humiliation, and rejection. In his mind, the slightest error can cause the worst scolding. It feels very difficult to trust, which prevents the new undertaking of the unpublished. There is not much room for individual differences, seeing them as threatening. To help the learner, it is important to first create a good atmosphere of trust and to spread the learning experiences according to his ability to handle stress resulting from its level of involvement. For example, such a student could be asked to consider the learning opportunities that present themselves to him. (Marquardt, p45-49)

The teacher might even suggest to him: start conversations in a group to volunteer for presentations, break the routine by varying activities (Honey and Mumford, 1986). In classroom, it could seek to involve the offering to share an idea, a feeling, a point-of-view; it could add value to the smallest apertures (I appreciate that you give your views on this subject) and recognition of his participation in activities, so short they are. Its closer relationship with the learner, it might invite him to consider progress and cut short his comparisons to others.

Honey and Mumford & Kolb: being a mature learner

Honey and Mumford learning styles saying that theorists like to think through problems in a step-by-step manner, and they tend to not get emotional in their thinking. They learn best when they are confronted with complex situations and how to handle questions about ideas and concepts. (Vermunt,…[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Learning Styles The Theory Of Honey And" (2012, January 03) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/learning-styles-the-theory-of-honey-and-53513

"Learning Styles The Theory Of Honey And" 03 January 2012. Web.9 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/learning-styles-the-theory-of-honey-and-53513>

"Learning Styles The Theory Of Honey And", 03 January 2012, Accessed.9 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/learning-styles-the-theory-of-honey-and-53513

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Learning Styles as Identified by Kolb That Promote Academic Success...

    growing recognition of the changing educational needs of college students, particularly those attending community colleges. In response to this awareness, reform efforts have been implemented in order to meet the needs of students. As reform efforts have been considered, increasing attention has been directed toward assessing the influence of learning styles on academic performance. The term 'learning styles' has been used to refer to the ways in which individuals

  • Adult Learning Styles in the

    For countries such as the U.S. And France, these needs can be reasonably expected to relate to the respective national cultures involved. For instance, in their book, Education in France, Corbett and Moon (1996) report, "An education system needs to justify itself constantly by reference to the values which underpin a nation's culture. In a democracy it is expected to transmit a range of intellectual, aesthetic and moral values

  • Preferences in Learning Between American

    The trainer will then focus on the steps to be taken to develop new skills. For example, if the trainer wants to talk about motivating, leading, negotiating, selling or speaking, it is best to start with what the learners do well before showing some chart on Maslow's theory, Posner's leadership practices, or selling skills from some standard package that has been develop elsewhere. Many foreign trainers make grave errors

  • Manager the Introduction Describe Development Important

    manager." The introduction describe " -development important a manager mix a bit coaching theories ( I a coaching I techniques Kolb' learning cycle techniques fuore managers improve ), I a part body essay real life examples managers coaching techniques -development successful ( describe techniques ). The importance of self-development in becoming a manager Self-development is defined first and foremost as an overall holistic desire to find one's freedom and the desire

  • Graduate Certificate Nursing Education Learning of Anorexia

    Graduate Certificate Nursing Education Learning of Anorexia Nervosa & Handling Its Patients Final Learning Report DESCRIPTION OF OBJECTIVES & THEIR STATUS Drafting a learning contract and adhering to it along with constant support from my supervisor, was an effective activity which constituted of four weeks. every objective had a milestone plan and necessary measures which were required to be taken for achieving them. Self-expectation after reaching these goals was also documented in order to

  • Blind Men and the Elephant

    Blind Men and the Elephant An Integrated Approach to learning In contemporary psychology, learning is one of the key topics; however, defining it is a very complex thing. According to the general accepted definitions of learning, it is "understanding," "knowledge," or "comprehension" that is achieved with experience or practice. Due to the ill-defined terms such as mastery, comprehension, and knowledge that it contains, many psychologists would call this definition improper. Rather, we

  • Developing Yourself and an Effective Team

    Successful and Effective Personal and Team Development The objective of this work is to write a critical reflection of the personal development and growth of the writers with the Royal Air Force with a view to broadening the knowledge and skills of the writer to be a more effective manager by undertaking a personal SWOT analysis. Accepted Learning Styles Theories should be used to explain how the writer will apply that

Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved