Poverty Approximately 37 Million Americans Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

The MPH strategy - put into effect in 2005 - was to mobilize enormous peaceful demonstrations, in coordination with the international movement called "Global Campaign Against Poverty" - and rock concerts - in many nations, to show the world (through media) that this was an international movement to end poverty. The MPH mission was not to send people out into the world's hunger spots to pass out food, or fund food-related charity organizations. The thrust of the movement was to not only call attention to poverty, but to pressure members of the G8 - presidents and prime ministers from Canada, UK, U.S., France, Germany, Russia, Japan and Italy - to forgive debt in developing nations where poverty is the most severe.

The purpose of MPH's effort was also to help reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - with particular attention to the first goal - established in 2002 by the United Nations. Those goals include: eradicating "extreme poverty and hunger"; achieving "universal primary education"; promoting gender equality and empowering women; "reduce child morality"; "improve maternal health"; fight AIDS/HIV, malaria and other diseases; ensure "environmental sustainability"; and "develop a global partnership for development."

In a strategy that would help reach its goal, the MPH concerned itself with creating solidarity with activists involved in peace groups, justice and anti-poverty organizations around the world in a massive show of strength. This, according to the strategy, would put pressure on the G8 meeting (held in July, 2005 in Scotland; the G8 finance ministers met in June, 2005, in London).

According to the literature, on July 1st, 2005, the MPH's organizing efforts resulted in 10,000 people attending the South Asian People's Summit Against Poverty in Delhi; 20,000 gathered in Dublin; thousands rallied in Kenya, in Rio de Janeiro, and in Korea and Ghana, where concerts took place. Writing in the journal International Affairs, Anthony Payne reports that in addition to the pop concerts and rallies, "hundreds of thousands of people" wore white wristbands, symbolic of the campaign against poverty.

What was accomplished? The finance ministers from the G8 nations coaxed the World Bank into writing off $40 billion in debt owed by eighteen poor countries. That might sound like a positive thing, but several journalist are reporting that the efforts to reduce debt for impoverished nations was something of a failure. The G8 leaders did agree to "double aid to all developing countries by around $50 billion a year" (with at least $25 billion earmarked for Africa), Payne writes. And those at the meeting created a working committee to explore "innovative financing mechanisms" that could generate more aid for poor countries.

Tony Blair, then the Prime Minister of the UK (and chairman of the G8 meeting), concluded the session by declaring, "...We do not simply by this communique make poverty history... [but] we do show how it can be done, and we do signify the political will to do it" (Payne). There were those who criticized the MPH movement for creating a "mellow atmosphere" while other mobilizations "had been more confrontational," Payne writes.

Meanwhile, an editorial in the UK journal Lancet raged that despite "impressive rhetoric" the G8 "achieved almost nothing new" when it came to the first MDG (the "eradication of extreme poverty"). And the investment made by the G8 "translates into only an additional $1.5 billion per year in resources for development" (Lancet 2005). Jonathan Glennie, writing in the journal Globalizations, said "waiting for rich countries to act in the interest of the poor..." was a mistake on the part of MPH. The new language should embrace the idea of "an end to injustice," not giving money to poverty-related charities or pressuring the G8 to reduce debt in developing nations.

Works Cited

Baptist, Willie; & Damico, Noelle. (2005). Building the New Freedom Church of the Poor.

Cross Currents, 55(3), 352-262.

Chambers, Clarke a. (2001). Poor People's Movements: Why They Succeed, How They Fail.

American Historical Review, 83(3), 841-843.

Glennie, Jonathon. (2006). The Myth of Charity: A 2005 Reality Check. Globalizations. 3(2),

Lancet. (2005). Editorial: G8 2005: a missed opportunity for global health. Vol. 365.

Payne, Anthony. (2006). Blair, Brown and the Gleneagles agenda: making poverty…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Poverty Approximately 37 Million Americans " (2008, March 15) Retrieved October 22, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/poverty-approximately-37-million-americans-31460

"Poverty Approximately 37 Million Americans " 15 March 2008. Web.22 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/poverty-approximately-37-million-americans-31460>

"Poverty Approximately 37 Million Americans ", 15 March 2008, Accessed.22 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/poverty-approximately-37-million-americans-31460

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Americans in Poverty Level and

    Heritage scholars Robert Rector and Rea Hederman found that only a little more than one quarter worked for 2,000 hours or more. They suggested that poverty in America was less of a material deprivation and more of emotional and spiritual loss, the awareness or knowledge of one's dependence on state and federal bureaucrats and a loss of self-esteem resulting from the knowledge of self-insufficiency. The working poor, on the

  • Cultural Beliefs and Dietary Habits of Rural African Americans With...

    African-Americans in Louisiana & Type 2 Diabetes Rates The poor will be always with us, we are biblically admonished. And for Americans we might add to this ancient maxim that the African-American poor will be always with us. Despite the many gains that they have made in the past 30 years African-Americans remain far more likely to be poor than are white Americans. This has a number of different consequences for

  • Recession and African Americans in the

    Edgar Hoover, makes public its continuing investigation into the activities of black nationalist organizations, singling out the Black Panther Party in particular, Hoover viewing the group as a national security threat. January 05, 1970 Blacks Move Out of Inner Cities: The Bureau of Census statistics show as the quality of life in poverty-stricken urban communities worsens, a continuous stream of middle-class blacks escape to higher-income neighborhoods and suburbs. February 13, 1970 First Black

  • Adult Literacy in African American Communities

    This model views literacy as woven into the person's identity, based in turn from his acculturation and participation in his socio-cultural community. Spoken or written communication is understood and appreciated according to who is reading or writing and the context and purpose of the communication. Learners come to the educational setting with individual experiences, perspectives, values and beliefs. They perform tasks subjectively. Their cultural background is, therefore, an essential

  • Hunger and America s Youth if

    In 2009, 6.9 million infants and children relied on WIC benefits to eliminate hunger ("WIC"). However, this program also has limited benefits, with specific items that program participants can receive. The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) offers free and reduced price lunches through the school. More than 19 million children received free or reduced price lunches, through the NSLP, in the 2008-2009 school year. All schools are eligible to participate,

  • Economies of Latin American Countries

    The faster recovery of industrial production in emerging economies can be partially explained through the rebuilding of inventories, which were initially low and required replenishment when it became clear that the global economy would slow its freefall. Still, developing countries have shown significant heterogeneity in relation to the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, much worse than emerging Asia. The results from Latin America were located in the middle

  • Culturally Responsive Programs Culturally Responsive After

    Overwhelmingly, those programs are explicitly designed to be culturally responsive, but, again, not just to tribal groups. One program, for example, is likely to have tribal students, Hispanic students, and other immigrant groups. A massive data-collection effort is underway to measure successful programmatic elements and determine which efforts have produced the most dramatic results. One of the principles guiding the current push in California to provide more and better after-school

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved