Racism Affects Education How 21st Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

g., a magnet school), and also in terms of the various percentages of whites; African-Americans; Asians; and Latino (a)s attending each high school. According to Solorzano and Ornelas (Feb/Mar 2004) their study of advanced placement high school enrollment trends among minority students was driven by their desire for clearer answers to several key questions about equal access to educational opportunities for minority students and white students alike within various Los Angeles public high schools.

The questions the authors sought answers to in their study were the following:

How do school structures, practices, and discourses help maintain racial and ethnic discrimination in access to AP courses? How do Latina/o and African-American students and parents respond to the educational structures, practices, and discourses that help maintain racial and ethnic discrimination in access to AP courses? Finally, how can school reforms help end racial and ethnic discrimination in access to AP courses? (p. 1)

As a result of their research the authors found that: (1) Latina/o students were disproportionately underrepresented in AP courses throughout the district; (2) students serving low-income Latina/o and African-American communities have low AP course enrollments; and (3) even in schools with very high overall AP course enrollments, enrollments in such courses of Latina/o and African-American students in particular are disproportionately low (Solorzano and Ornelas).

These findings are especially important because, as these authors further observe: "Advanced Placement (AP) courses [are] one of the curricular options that impact college admissions" (p. 2). As the research done by Solorzano and Ornelas also implicitly suggests, racism in education need not take a direct form or be overt, obvious, or even intended. Instead, such racism can come in the form of counselors' not telling minority students about college preparation opportunities (like Advanced Placement and other college-level or college preparatory courses available on campus); recruitment visits from Ivy League or other college recruiters; scholarship opportunities, or even important test dates.

In the future it will become more important than ever to discover new ways to continue eradicating the stubborn barriers to minority student equal educational access and opportunity that survive and in many areas of the United States thrive even today in 21st century America. As Beswick further states:

It is not just the condescension and violence exhibited toward minorities that must be taken into account when looking at incidents of racism. Restrictions on minorities' opportunity to succeed are often racially determined. For example, Asian-Americans incur resentment for academic excellence and overachieving." If racism is explicit at the street level of society, it is often implicit and equally entrenched at the highest levels. ("Racism in America's


Twenty-first century racism, then, although more diverse than back when it was aimed mostly if not entirely at blacks; and more covert than it was before today's attitudes about 'political correctness became widespread' is not much different, fundamentally, than racism within education has been in the past. In the future it will become more important than ever to discover new ways to continue eradicating the stubborn barriers to minority student equal educational access and opportunity, which are at once causes and effects of racism that survive and even thrive in too many areas of 21st century America.

Works Cited

Affirmative Action." Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia. 2000. 8 Dec 2007.

Microsoft Works Suite 2000 (CD-ROM). Disc 3.

Affirmative Action Ten Years After Proposition 209." UCLA International

Institute. 20 Mar 2007. http://www.international.ucla.edu/showevent.asp?

A eventid=5741.html>.

Beswick, Richard. "Racism in America's Schools." ERIC Digest Series, Number

EA 49. ED320196. 1990. 9 Dec 2007. http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-


Constitution of the United States. Microsoft Encyclopedia Encarta. 2000.

Dec 2007. Microsoft Works Suite 2000 (CD-ROM), Disc 3.

Delgado, R., and J. Stefancic. Critical Race Theory: An Introduction. New York: New York University Press, 2001.

Dred Scott Case. Microsoft Encyclopedia Encarta. 2000. Microsoft Works Suite

2000. (CD-ROM), Disc 3.

Loury, Glen. (2001). The Anatomy of Racial Inequality. Cambridge,

Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Nelson, Gabe. "Report: Minority Enrollment has Increased." The Wire. 13 Sep 2007 http://apps.michigandaily.com/blogs/thewire/?p=292

Proposition 209: Text of the Proposed Law." 9 Dec 2007. http://vote96.sos.ca.

A gov/Vote96/html/BP/209text.htm>

Solorzano, D.G, and a. Ornelas. "A Critical Race Analysis of Latino (a) and African-American Advanced Placement…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Racism Affects Education How 21st" (2007, December 10) Retrieved October 25, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/racism-affects-education-how-21st-33453

"Racism Affects Education How 21st" 10 December 2007. Web.25 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/racism-affects-education-how-21st-33453>

"Racism Affects Education How 21st", 10 December 2007, Accessed.25 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/racism-affects-education-how-21st-33453

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Racism and Society Literary Analysis Zora

    Racism and Society -- Literary Analysis Zora Neal Hurston's heartfelt essay How It Feels to Be Colored Me (1928) presents the experiences of a young girl as remembered by an adult black woman in the early 20th century. Her narrative is simultaneously disarming and sad, because the good cheer and humor seems to belie justified resentment toward white American society. She presents an image of cheerful acceptance of racial inequality and

  • Education Educating Diverse Children the

    13. I also think that field experiences in the community are extremely necessary for success. 14. I don't think enough teachers complete their practicum or student teach in minority schools, and I think this area is underserved and not supported enough by administration and community in many areas. 15. I don't think many teachers would want immersion, living and teaching in a minority community, and I think this is far underserved in

  • Racism in Football Soccer Is

    " Quirk and Fort (1992) These definitions should be balanced by the popular notion that it is good for a league and all of its teams if the teams from the larger markets are relatively dominant, but not at the expenses of competitive balance: "The optimal level of balance in a sports league is a function of the distribution of fan preference, fan population base, and fan income across host cities. "The

  • Plague by Albert Camus Applications in 21st

    Plague by Albert Camus Applications in 21st Century The thoughtful writings of past are often written so thoroughly that they are applicable even today. One such writing The Plague was written to narrate the fictional plague incidence that is painted to have taken place in 1940. The event was a panic for the people in the story. Albert Camus, the author suggests that human sufferings are often too horrible that the survival

  • How to Effectively Market and Manage Quality Australian International...

    AustralianHE 'How to Effectively Market and Manage Quality Australian International Education' A primary focus for the nearly half a million international students choosing to study in Australia each year seems to be on obtaining a higher education; oftentimes it is because they believe it is an investment in their own future. For the vast majority of these international students the hope is that their education will lead to improved employment opportunities and a

  • How Did Nursing Change Social Roles of Northern Women During the...

    Nursing & Women's Roles Pre-and-Post Civil War The student focusing on 19th century history in the United States in most cases studies the Civil War and the causes that led to the war. But there are a number of very important aspects to 19th century American history that relate to women's roles, including nursing and volunteering to help the war wounded and others in need of care. This paper delves into

  • Timeline American Education Has Evolved Considerably Since

    Timeline American education has evolved considerably since the late 19th century. One of the first philosophers to influence the character of modern American education was John Dewey. Dewey was a progressive, and believed that children should not just sit in classrooms passively memorizing material. Instead, students should learn via experience and interaction with their environments. Dewey's humanistic approach to education revolutionized the ways people thought about schooling and pedagogy. A timeline

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved