Social Conflict Theory Public Policy towards Terrorism and Terroristic Acts

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Terrorism is used as a weapon of those who are willing to use violence because they understand that a real power struggle cannot be won by them due to their weakness in power and authority. The work of Karen A. Feste entitled: "Intervention and Terrorism Conflict: Theory, Strategy and Resolution" (2004) writes that several theories exist which "explain the intervention-terrorism conflict link and account for its persistence. Some emphasize ideology, culture and values. The clash of civilizations implies the conflict is eternal and intractable. Goals of Arab fascism vs. goals of democratic liberalism point to distinct, non-complementary social order approaches as the two collide." (2004) In addition, Feste relates "Security designs of American policy in the post Cold War period have created serious challenge in a complex intense relationship between intervention and terrorism in the Middle East." (2004) The most notable events of anti-American terrorism have been inflicted by Middle East Muslims including the 2001 attack in New York City, the 1993 attack on the New York World Trade Center and destruction of the USS Cole at a Yemen port as well as deadly bombings in Saudi Arabia on U.S. military installation, and many car bombs in Iraq during the present war. The primary goal of the terrorist organization known as al Qaeda is "to provoke conflict by increasing the destabilization of every country they have penetrated." (Feste, 2004)

The work of Crenshaw (1981) makes the suggestion that the occurrence of terrorism is most likely where the masses are passive and:

"...elite dissatisfaction coincides; when discontent is not generalized or serious enough to provoke the majority of the population to act against the regime, but a small minority without access to the bases of power that would permit overthrow of the government seeks radical change." (Crenshaw, 1981; in Feste, 2004 p. 46)

Generally, an event precipitates the act of terrorism that "snaps the terrorists' patience with the regime" rendering the actions of the government as being an injustice which cannot be tolerated making the terrorist act a decision that becomes acceptable on a moral level. (Crenshaw, 1981; p. 384)


Because al Qaeda is in the process of "building a movement to carry…[continue]

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