Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Each of us has our own share of experiences where we find ourselves unable to cope with normal responses. Sometimes, due to circumstances that push both of our minds and bodies to precisely act on things or to meet expectations, we tend to feel that we almost want to give up. Such example in our daily experiences is what we call stress.
Stress is a psychological imbalance, which, if regularly experienced, can affect the bodily functions and can cause drawbacks to one's health. A number of medical research and studies have reached findings explaining the relationship of stress to one's health. A number of negative effects that stress causes to our health were found to be dangerous if the frequency of stressful experiences is not controlled and minimized.
One explanation to the relationship and effect of stress to one's health is indicated in a Body Bulletin's article The Effects of Stress (2003).
The stresses you face in modern life are likely to be psychological -- due to circumstances like work pressure or troubled relationships. But the body reacts as though it were confronting a physical threat. Heart rate, blood pressure and muscle tension all rises sharply; the stomach and intestines become disrupted; and blood sugar rises for quick energy. You may feel anxiety, even panic.
This paper is a research on the topic Stress and Disease. Its discussion will be focused on the relationship of stress to health, and how stress can be a risk factor to diseases. This paper will use information from conducted medical research and studies, as well as from available medical literatures. Throughout the discussion, this paper aims to provide information on the following subtopics.
The body's responses to stress
The effects of stress on immune functioning
The diseases caused/endangered by stress
Stress and Our Body
Many are unaware that the emotional stages caused by stress can affect the normal cycle of our body. Emotions such as depression, fear, or rage, can trigger our body's response system to divert into unhealthy activities. For instance, a depression caused by stress draws a person to smoke more, eat unhealthy foods, drink too much alcohol, and do other activities that can be harmful to health and body.
Several research and studies have been conducted to determine the physiological pathway of stress in our body. The aim is to design solutions and prevention treatments to ward off the negative effects of stress. An example of such study is one conducted by the UCLA (Washington Post, 2003). The study intends to provide information and clues on the bodily effects of stress. For instance, the study of UCLA found that shy people who have sensitive temperament are more likely to develop unconscious changes caused by stress such as accelerated heart rate (Washington Post, 2003).
Stress affects a number of response systems in our body. The way our response systems react to stress varies due to "organ specificity wherein emotional conflicts affect body organs and certain behaviors" (Danielson, 2000). Following is a brief discussion of the response systems affected by stress and how their cycles are influenced.
Muscles are typically involved during stress experiences. They are used by our body whenever we exercise actions meant to lessen stress. According to Danielson, in his The Body's Response to Stress, muscle tension or muscles that continuously undergo stress may cause the following problems.
Pain from lack of blood due to closed blood vessels.
Pain from constant pressure on a joint
Pain from muscle tissue tears due to contraction
Pain from smooth muscle spasms
Tebbe and her colleagues, in her Role of Stress in Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders, indicate that psychological stress affects the gastrointestinal system. Though this system is not directly playing a role in the fight or flight response (Danielson, 2003), studies have shown that it is a part of the stress response.
From Danielson's The Body's Response to Stress, the following are signs of gastrointestinal's reaction to stress.
Mouth - usually a saliva decrease
Esophagus - spastic contractions interfering with swallowing
Stomach - usually not hungry, sometimes pain, sometimes nausea; anger - increased
Secretion of HCL and enzymes; fright or depression - decreased secretion of HCL
Intestines - alteration in peristalsis
Too fast - diarrhea
Too slow - constipation
The cardiovascular response system is perhaps stress's most commonly affected body system. Especially when a person in stress has cardiovascular ailments such as heart disease…[continue]
"Stress And Disease" (2004, January 25) Retrieved December 5, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/stress-and-disease-162029
"Stress And Disease" 25 January 2004. Web.5 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/stress-and-disease-162029>
"Stress And Disease", 25 January 2004, Accessed.5 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/stress-and-disease-162029
A recent study by Duke University medical research center revealed that exercises not only relive depression and distress but also bring about positive changes in important physiological markers of cardiovascular disease. For this study 134 stable cardiac patients were recruited and assigned randomly into three different groups. The exercise group received 35 minutes of aerobic training 3 times a week for 16 weeks while the 'stress management group' received
Health Risks from Stress-Heart Disease, Hypertension, Cancer, and Diabetes Many health risks are associated with stress and health experts believe that extended stressful situations are the cause many health related issues. Michael Olpin and Margie Hesson report that stressors contribute to a variety of illnesses and 70% to 80% of all doctors visits are due to stress-related events (2007). The main health issues associated with stress are heart disease, hypertension, cancer,
Stress in the Workplace The research topic under discussion is Stress at Workplace. Stress comes with different definitions, one of which is that stress is a 'physical, chemical or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental tension.' Emotional stress relates to job burnout, tension and strain and many scholars have called it a psychological process and linked it with the individual and the situation that he is in (American Psychological Association,
Stress Management The procedure and techniques of relaxation comprises of a range of practices including guided imagery, self-hypothesis, deep breathing, biofeedback and progressive relaxation. All of these practices have similar goals that are to generate response arising from natural relaxing of a body. This is followed by low blood pressure, state of peacefulness and slower breathing. The relaxation techniques are also known as relaxation response technique. These practices are used to get
Stress Management for a Healthy Behavior Explore efforts a health behavior Stress Management. Why behavior important engage ? 2. What motivations behavior ( intrinsic extrinsic motivation)? 3. What positive negative influences Importance of engaging in stress management Stress management is an important behavior to engage in as stress can lead to serious health complications and reduce a person's quality of life states de Brouwer et al. (2011) A person who is stressed has a
Stress Management The Stress Emotions: Anger and Fear Anger I found it interesting that the chapter states that anger is found in all animals (higher animals that are capable of such expressions as I imagine an earthworm does not express anger) and yet offers evidence that anger is not instinctual in nature in humans (the Seville Statement). If anger is a core emotion, then it is probably experienced to some degree in all
Disease Trends in the United States Aging About 4.5% of the world's population comprises of the people of United States (U.S.). The country has the world's third largest population and statistical analysis shows that approximately 155 million people have been added to the U.S. population and figures have increased by nearly 105% in the past 50 years (Kotkin, 2010). In addition, the U.S. population has also experienced a qualitative change. According to