Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
Stress Another Hazard of the Job for Police Officers
The research article which has been analyzed is a study of how stress influences the jobs of police officers. This research article is primarily based on the primary research literature taken from various genuine researches conducted in police stations of United States and Canada. This recent research has all the absolute and suitable options one could have considered.
It has a crystal clear problem statement stated precisely in the heading. The research hypothesis is stated in words and is not that clear until middle part of the article is read. The variables have been clearly described and do not get perplexed for the reviewer. The independent and dependant variables are also discussed and so the purpose is distinct. In the study conducted, the chosen variables are somehow described but not defined as it is has a small length.
The sample is genuine and is a complete representative of the population i.e. The police officers. Though the sample becomes ambiguous when at some places is mixed between two countries (U.S. And Canada) but is related to the problem at hand.
The problems are identified and discussed. Also, the cluster from the sample being discussed- that most likely faces that problem- has been identified by reviewing the literature and authenticated research. The results are clearly identified from the data which has been studied and are corresponding to the hypothesis. A clear recommendation is given to differentiate the results.
It is a nonbiased study, in which the population is identified and helps that sector around the globe. It is consistent in its manner and easily understandable too. The references are though for a particular sample and not understandable by every reader but are identifiable for the population which is being discussed.
Review of Article 2: Seven Electrical Safety Habits for a Safer Workplace
The literature reviewed in the study does not show any relation to the previous literature. The review was done in October 2010. The statement of the problem is understood: One person is electrocuted every day in the workplace.
The purpose of the study was to state the seven habits that, if adopted, can save the lives of people at a workplace from shock and arc flash incidents. The research hypothesis is clearly stated: "how can we make the workplace safer" rather than "do I really need to make it safer."
The hypotheses state a vague association between variables, since they only say about safety and prevention measures and what could possibly go wrong if the safety measures are not adopted. There is an unclear mention of the exact association between the variables. The independent and dependent variables are not clearly defined. The definitions and description of the variable is not complete. A little addition could have been sufficient.
The sample (25- to 44- years old) partly represents the population since it is not mentioned anywhere that people outside this age bracket cannot work in places with electric shock risks. It is not clear where the sample came from and how it was selected.
The author related the results of the literature (that accidents pertaining to electricity can be avoided) to the preview of the literature that stated the same. The article does not provide a clear relation between the results and the hypothesis. The list of references mentioned is up-to-date. The references are not consistent in their format; the author has used the formats according to his ease of representation.
The report is about the seven habits that can and should be adopted to make the workplace safer from electricity related accidents. The language used in the report is unbiased (non-sexist and relatively culture free).
Review of Article 3: How-to-Care-for-Flame-Resistant-Clothes
There is an adequate amount of literature reviewed in this article which relates to the topic at hand. A small part of the article is dedicated to the importance of the topic before moving forward to its purpose. Given the reference to the NSFPA 70E, we can assume that the review in question was recent. The review would have done well to make references to more articles in other to give more strength to the literature review.
The statement of the problem for this article is easy to understand i.e. how workers should take care of their flame resistant clothes. The purpose of the article is clearly stated in the very start of the article i.e. To see the different kind of welding work clothes that are available and how to take care of them.
There is no research hypothesis stated in the article. There are no variables or hypothesis mentioned in this article. Due to the lack of hypothesis, no variables are mentioned in this article. No definitions or descriptions of variables relating to the hypothesis are given in this article.
The selected sample in this study was limited to welders because the focus of the article was on protective clothing that is worn by them. No detailed information was given about the sample. No details were given regarding sample selection or size.
The author does link the results of the problem to the preview given of the literature. Due to the lack of a proper hypothesis, this question cannot be accurately answered.
There is no list of references given in the article. The referencing method for the resources is consistent in their format. The article's writing style is very simple and easy to understand, without use of too much technical language that could confuse the reader. The language used in this article is free of bias, not making any implications or assumptions towards any certain gender or any particular kind of culture.
Review of Article 4: Organizing patient safety research to identify risks and hazards
The literature that is used in the research all has a direct link to the topic being studied i.e. we can clearly see that the referenced articles involve patient safety, identification of errors and/or the health industry. The most recent reference used in the research is for 2003 so the literature is not totally updated. The researcher would do well to update the article by including more recent references through medical journals.
The objective of the paper is very easy to understand. The author has clearly explained what the goal of the topic is, in very precise and easy to understand terms. The goal of the study was very clearly stated in the abstract and the text of the research.
The research hypotheses are clearly stated in the abstract of the research and are then explained further on in the text. However they are not definitively referred to as the hypotheses. No clear association was made between the variables of the research (i.e. risks and hazards of patient health care). No clarification was made regarding which variable was independent and which was dependant.
There was a list of patient safety terms given in the text that relates to the variables (i.e. risks and hazards of patient health care) complete with descriptions. Sample selection was adequate considering the topic at hand however there are limitations present because of the data that was taken for study.
The research very clearly outlines where the sample was taken from as well as the selection process and most importantly, the reasoning behind the choices made. The discussion section of the article talks about the issue that was mentioned in the start and then adds the results found to it.
The results of the study do link to the hypothesis and agree that a mixture of different methods would be the best way to ensure the best patient care, while keeping in mind the strengths and weaknesses of every institute.
The list of references is fairly old. Generally the references are from the past decade (with a few older references) and they could be updated. All references were made using the same format. The language used in the report was very easy to understand and written in a very crisp and precise method. The language used did not imply any manner of bias, gender or otherwise. However it did put an emphasis on the development and assessment of a safety culture in the start of the research. The research stated that without this culture, it would be impossible to properly identify the risks and hazards that could possibly lead to injuries.
Review of Article 5: Information systems in developing countries: a critical research review
The literature reviewed in this article is linked with the topic being studied i.e. Information Systems and Information and Communication Technologies. Considering that the article was published in 2008 and the most recent article included was in 2007, we can say that the references used were up-to-date.
Due to the use of technical language, it is slightly difficult to understand the problem statement.
The purpose of the study is clearly stated in the abstract. The research is broken down in different sections however no 'hypotheses' are stated clearly. No variables or hypotheses have been clearly defined…[continue]
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