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Rather, it follows a history of nonsexual delinquent acts. In one survey of 80 juvenile sex offenders, it was found that a majority had committed a nonsexual assault prior to the sexual offense. In comparison, only 7 percent had only perpetrated a sexual offense alone.
To complicate matters further, there is a significant occurrence of the commission of nonsexual crimes even after the completion of sex offender treatment, for juvenile offenders. According to a literature review by Righthand and Welch, recidivism rates of juvenile sex offenders were between 16 percent and 54 percent. This is dramatically higher than sexual recidivism, which is between 8 percent and 14 percent (cited Calley, 2007).
To be effective, treatment must take this theoretical knowledge into account. Treatment should focus on the intersection of sexually offending behaviors and the associated facets. This is true of both adult and juvenile offenders.
Organic Approach to Treatment of Sex Offenders:
Greenfield (2006) investigates the organic approach to treatment of sex offenders. He notes that "in order to carry out and be considered responsible for an act in society, which turns out to be unacceptable ("actus reus...?), the 'actor' must have conscious intent ("mens rea...?) to carry out that act...?. This is the foundation of law and of forensic mental health sciences in the United States. Greenfield compares sex offenders with those who have difficulty with dieting, noting that just as eating is a powerful and basic biological drive, so too is the socially unacceptable urges and cravings experienced by sex offenders. As such, Greenfield suggests that the most effective method of treatment is organic.
One of the oldest, and arguably the most effective, approaches to controlling these socially unacceptable behaviors in men, and thereby reducing recidivism rates, is surgical castration. The procedure involves the surgical removal of the testes from the male offender, otherwise known as 'bilateral scrotal orchiectomy'. This procedure has been shown to provide very low recidivism rates of 2 percent to 4 percent. Other surgical procedures including sterotactic neurosurgery and estrogen implants, have also shown very low recidivism rates of less than 5 percent, when used in Europe. However, these treatments are not foolproof methods of eliminating sexually abhorrent behavior. In addition, they come with…[continue]
"Treatment Of Sex Offenders" (2007, December 17) Retrieved July 29, 2015, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/treatment-of-sex-offenders-33189
"Treatment Of Sex Offenders" 17 December 2007. Web.29 July. 2015. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/treatment-of-sex-offenders-33189>
"Treatment Of Sex Offenders", 17 December 2007, Accessed.29 July. 2015, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/treatment-of-sex-offenders-33189