U S Congress Is Composed of Two Chambers Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

U.S. Congress is composed of two chambers, the House of Representatives (with 435 members representing fifty states) and the Senate (with 100 members, with two members elected from each State).

The Republican and Democrat parties select their candidates for the two chambers of the Congress in primary elections, "election in which registered voters in a jurisdiction select a political party's candidate for a later election (nominating primary)"

After winning a primary election, the candidate from the respective party runs in the Congress election, which are held, for both chambers, in November.

For the 2005-2007 legislation (the 109th Congress), the Republican Party dominates both chambers. As such, the Republican Party currently holds 55 seats in the Senate, with the Democrats having won 44 seats and one independent seat (James Jeffords). In the House of Representatives, the proportion between the Republican Party and the Democrat Party is 53% to 46%, with the Republicans having won 232 seats and the Democrats 201, with one independent legislator (Bernard Sanders) and one vacant seat, Robert Matsui, who passed away on the 1st of January 2005.

Many of the legislative powers that have been endowed on the U.S. Congress according to the first article of the Constitution invoke collective actions on behalf of the two major parties representatives. Among these, one can enumerate setting standards for weights and measures, levying and collecting taxes or borrowing money for the public treasury

On the other hand, under the influence and pressure from lobby groups and from the State voters, many issues invoke different points-of-view. For example, making rules and regulations governing commerce among the states and with foreign countries will be influenced by local and national producers. One can exemplify with the recent Free Trade Agreement concluded with the Central American countries, where representatives in Congress debated whether such an Agreement will not damage local agricultural producers through lower priced products.

2. There are actually four acknowledged theories referring to the existence and functionalism of the committees. The first one is the informal efficiency theory, according to which "a committee is better informed about the consequences of a policy than the floor"

. The second theory is referred to as the distributive benefits theory and sustains the idea according to which the committee specialization helps smooth out interest differences. The third theory is known as the majority -- party cartel theory, while the third theory is called the bicameral rivalry theory.

There are three main types of committees: standing committees, select committees and joint committees. The first are "permanent panels identified in chamber rules"

. Select committees are established by a separate resolution of the chamber to handle a specific matter. Joint committees are "permanent panels that conduct studies or perform housekeeping tasks rather than consider measures"

The committees receive bills for study and recommendation. According to this procedure, the committee has three options regarding a bill: revise, kill or ignore any measure referred to it

. Additionally, these committees "gather information; compare and evaluate legislative alternatives; identify policy problems and propose solutions; select, determine, and report measures for full chamber consideration; monitor executive branch performance (oversight); and investigate allegations of wrongdoing"

3. Committees and subcommittees play an important role in proposing and recommending legislative acts that are to be discussed in the Congress. This is where the incumbent legislative acts are created and first debated and discussed.

One of the powers a committee has is to hold hearings in order to gather information from non-committee experts

. However, the most important power that a committee has (besides actually drafting the legislative proposal) is the fact that it can make recommendations to the House of Representatives or the Senate on the proposed amendments or legislative actions. Referred to as "ordering a bill reported," the action resumes the role of the committees in the legislative process.

Each committee has a chair committee, usually from the majority party. Its main role is to control the committee's activity and, although its functions are basically impartial, we may consider that it has a certain influence in determining the fate of a legislative act debated on.

As the committees are the operational body of the U.S. Congress, one may refer to them as the "gatekeepers" in the House and Senate. No legislative proposal will be debated on in the two chambers unless it…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"U S Congress Is Composed Of Two Chambers " (2005, July 30) Retrieved December 3, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/us-congress-is-composed-of-two-chambers-68089

"U S Congress Is Composed Of Two Chambers " 30 July 2005. Web.3 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/us-congress-is-composed-of-two-chambers-68089>

"U S Congress Is Composed Of Two Chambers ", 30 July 2005, Accessed.3 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/us-congress-is-composed-of-two-chambers-68089

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • British Electoral System Reform Over

    The Constitution is based on several key principals the most notable would include: separation of powers as well as checks and balances. Separation of powers is when there are clearly defined powers that are given to the various branches of: the government, the federal government and the states. Checks and balances is when one branch of the government will have the power to the check the authority of another

  • Switzerland Following the End of

    " On a positive note, the Federal Commission Against Racism in Switzerland recently stated that "the climate against members of religious minorities and their institutions has deteriorated" and that most anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim actions "were largely fueled by extensive media reports" concerning the on-going Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the Middle East, issues related to the assets of Holocaust victims and terrorist acts by Muslim extremists. Regarding anti-Semitic activities, it is surprising

  • NAFTA Historical Beginning of NAFTA With Specific

    NAFTA Historical Beginning of NAFTA (with specific bibliography) NAFTA Objectives What is NAFTA The Promise of NAFTA NAFTA Provisions Structure of NAFTA Years of NAFTA (NAFTA not enough, other plus and minuses).. Environmental Issues Comparative Statements (Debate) NAFTA - Broken Promises NAFTA - Fact Sheet Based Assessment NAFTA & Food Regulation NAFTA - The Road Ahead NAFTA in Numbers Goal Fulfillment Major Milestones Consolidated Bibliography This study set out to examine the inner workings of the North American Free Trade Agreement. The aim of this study is

  • Inter Parliamentary Union and Its Role

    8). Likewise, the Institute of Agriculture required a quorum of two-thirds of its members for voting purposes and for the balancing of votes according to the size of the budgetary contributions (Bowett, 1970). While this analysis of these early forms of public international unions is not complete, it does suggest that they were beginning to identify the wide range of interests involved in modern international commerce and what was required

  • Delimitations Today Modern Business Systems

    A favorite target for conspiracists today as well as in the past, a group of European intellectuals created the Order of the Illuminati in May 1776, in Bavaria, Germany, under the leadership of Adam Weishaupt (Atkins, 2002). In this regard, Stewart (2002) reports that, "The 'great' conspiracy organized in the last half of the eighteenth century through the efforts of a number of secret societies that were striving for

  • Brazil the Economy of Brazil Is One

    Brazil The economy of Brazil is one of the most attractive and promising market in the world. In recent times, Brazil's strong currency, the Real, has hit higher against the U.S. dollar; the inflation rate is under control and the standard of millions of Brazilians is also improving rapidly. The largest stock exchange of Brazil which is located in Sao Paulo showed best performance last year and looking at these impressive

  • American Civics the American Population

    The proposal must first be promoted to a sympathetic Representative in the House who has sufficient power and support in Congress. This representative will introduce the bill while the House is in Session. The bill will then be assigned a number at referred to a standing committee, which studies the merits and deficiencies of the bill. Witnesses and experts will then be allowed to present their case for or against

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved