Water Crisis in the Middle East Term Paper

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Water Crisis in the Middle East

What is the Six Day War, and what are the various events that led to the War? What is the background of the War, and what were its consequences? The Six Day War took place in the month of June 1967. The crisis had actually begun in the early months of 1965, when the PLO, through Fatah, led a campaign of attacks on the borders along Jordan and Lebanon. This campaign was severely criticized and opposed by not only the people of the country but also by the Arab Government, and this led to the Fatah attempting to adopt a totally new strategy that came to be known as the 'entanglement theory'. According to this strategy, Israel would be forced to adopt an 'offensive' position with the technique of 'sabotage', and this meant that the Arabs would become more wary and would in turn be forced to step up and polish their own military preparedness and campaigns. This was planned in such a way that it would become a continuous cycle of 'action-retaliation-reaction', and the tensions and pressure would escalate to such a point that there would no option left but to wage a war. This is what led to the Six Day War. (Israel 1948 to 1967, the Six-Day War Background)

These are the details of the various campaigns that went into the forcible escalation of tensions along the borders of Jordan and Lebanon: in 1965, Israel was subjected to more than 35 terrorist attacks and raids, and in the year 1966, there were more than 41 such terrorist attacks. In the year 1967, in the initial four months of the year, more than 37 terrorist raids were carried out on Israel, and Israel had no option but to retaliate. Israel had activated the National Water Carrier from the Sea of Galilee to the Negev in the year 1964, and this had prompted several dangerous tensions and pressures along the Syrian borders. Therefore, Syria and some other Arab countries vehemently opposed the National Water Carrier Project, and attempted to stop it by diverting the various tributaries of the river of Jordan that are located in their respective territories. When this was done, Israel bombed the various diversion activities that were going on. (Israel 1948 to 1967, the Six-Day War Background)

At this time there was another issue that had been creating tensions in those areas, and this was the fact that there were clashes between the forces along the borders, in the specific de-militarized zones between Israel and Syria. These clashes were actually the result of the Syrian attempts to resist the Israeli plan to increase the use of the DMZ that had been signed after the War of Independence for the purpose of Israeli Agriculture. What Syria did was to launch attacks, from the Golan Heights that are on the East of the border areas, on the Israeli farmers who had been engaged in cultivating their land in the demilitarized zones between Israel and Syria, and also on those Israeli boats, which were conducting their activities in the Sea of Galilee.

The fact is that Israel was always interested in conducting at least some attempts at peace, which, however, were to no avail because the Arabs wanted no part in the peace negotiations. One example of this is when during the 1960's, the Foreign Minister Golda Meir, in an address to the UN General Assembly, stated that the Israelis were ready to enter into a peace Agreement, the Egyptian leader, Nasser replied that Israel was only trying to deceive world opinion by stating that she was ready for peace, and that he wanted all the rights of the Arabs restored to them in full glory, and also that he would not hesitate to launch a bloody war against Israel. These statements led to the leaders in Syria and Jordan and in Iraq to start their preparations for the War that was impeding, and after Syria attacked from the Golan Heights, there was more widespread anger and hatred towards the Israelis, and Syria's attacks along the DMZ became more and more frequent. Israel, however, retaliated against the Golan attack by shooting down six Syrian MiGs. (Israel 1948 to 1967, the Six-Day War Background)

It was about this time that, unknown to the Israelis; the Soviet…[continue]

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