Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Welfare System Changes: Early Outcomes
The issue of welfare reform was the catch phrase, hot button topic for the majority of the two preceding decades in the United States. The questions that regional, state and federal government officials raised about the existing system and its exponential growth quickly developed from a snowball to an avalanche. The main concern expressed by the rhetoric was the alarming growth of the allocations being allotted to social service programs. The resulting rhetoric reflected through a prism that molded it into the idea that welfare had the wrong general purpose and needed to become less a way of life, as some people have seen it and more a transitional step toward self- sufficiency. Though the program's names have changed and many issues, both real and perceptual have been addressed by reform real changes have not been realized and the current economic downturn will prove just that.
The words of reform were even on the lips of non-policy makers as families and individuals; both frightened recipients and angry non-recipients discussed the implications of the future of welfare. Given the statistical rhetoric of years of stories of advantages that welfare recipients have gleaned from a seemingly unfairly unbalanced system, the tax paying public grew progressively more outraged.
Politicians could easily see that welfare was a lightning rod issue. With the mention of the words "welfare reform" one could stir up deep-seated anger from a variety of groups, many of whom were likely to vote. "Welfare reform" might be a code word for racial stereotyping, or for excessive government spending, or for bloated government bureaucracies, or for misguided liberal attempts to engineer society... Elected officials and people running for office added to the perception that there was a crisis in welfare by using it as a campaign issue. This is not to say that there were not real problems with welfare. Far from it. But much of the rhetoric about welfare reform in the 1990s (and historically) has served to highlight the problems and stir up resentment without outlining specific goals for reform. Thus, by the mid- 1990s, welfare was a problem awaiting a solution.
The resulting reforms addressed issues by attempting to further strengthen the ability of recipients to access job skills training and a limited level of education that might further their chances at better employment. They limited the number of years based on state decision making in a set of minimums and maximums, the minimum number of years an individual might receive cash assistance being two and the maximum being five.
A potential problem of this quantitative rather than qualitative deadline system is the limitation of the ability of n individual to make broad decisions about future employment, the new system would limit individuals to job training programs and trade school systems rather than higher education which might be a more long-term solution. In addition to this potential problem the issue of age become paramount when services are handed out. (Hopkins 25) If an individual has a lifetime cap on services then receiving benefits at a young age, say when a person is just starting out with an new family and unexpected economic demands, will and does become questionable. What if they need services when they are older and they have used up the services available to them? Young people have been denied services or choices based on this reality, at a time when a help up would benefit them most.
In making all of these reforms the federal government attempted to give the individual states more control over the funding as long as they met particular requirements laid out in an outline of proposed services. The catch phrase then became coordination or collaboration, so services offered by other agencies could be utilized without the duplications that are so often present in bureaucratic subsystems. All the goals were well thought and lofty.
Among these approaches are legislative and administrative mandates for agencies to consult with each other, link their programs, and jointly review their activities; interagency working groups which consider issues that cross agency lines; reorganization efforts aimed at eliminating overlap or duplication among programs; and the involvement of White House coordinating agencies and the president himself. These initiatives have made varying degrees of headway in streamlining and improving the coordination of public assistance programs. Yet, many serious problems remain.
The early results of the system changes gave…[continue]
"Welfare System Changes Early Outcomes The Issue" (2003, January 25) Retrieved October 28, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/welfare-system-changes-early-outcomes-the-142869
"Welfare System Changes Early Outcomes The Issue" 25 January 2003. Web.28 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/welfare-system-changes-early-outcomes-the-142869>
"Welfare System Changes Early Outcomes The Issue", 25 January 2003, Accessed.28 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/welfare-system-changes-early-outcomes-the-142869
The principal tasks that I will be performing in that regard will be: conducting initial interviews in conjunction with assessments of need for services, participating in the team decision-making process to identify the most beneficial interventions, and helping to implement those decisions and facilitate those interventions. In general, my contribution will always be within the conceptual framework of making the most beneficial changes possible for all of the children, families,
Change Management Theory Change management is a discipline studied and implemented in various organizations. The existence of this discipline spans for over half a century currently. Thus, it is a discipline of old time, with quite a number of years in existence. However, it is surprising to note that despite the huge investments that various organizations and companies employ to facilitate organizational change studies still indicate that between 60% - 70%
Welfare Reform Working for wages is the principal means for obtaining income and getting ahead in American society. Work is the key to personal independence and an effective way to achieve a meaningful role in our society. Significant participation in the workforce also is a necessary condition for receiving benefits from our nation's major social welfare programs, unemployment insurance, workmen's compensation, Social Security retirement and disability payments, Medicare health insurance, and
Child Demographics CHILD WELFARE IN REVIEW Financial Status of Children in Welfare - a review conducted in 9 trials on 2,000 participants to determine if financial support to poor families would improve children's health and welfare did not yield sufficient evidence on the financial benefits of intervention (Lucas, 2008). A study on the effectiveness of recent reforms on the chronic problems of the child welfare system in the United States (Westat 2002)
Although the research tools provided by the ISO 14001 framework are both qualitative and quantitative, this approach is consistent with the guidance provided by Neuman (2003) who points out that, "Both qualitative and quantitative research use several specific research techniques (e.g., survey, interview, and historical analysis), yet there is much overlap between the type of data and the style of research. Most qualitative-style researchers examine qualitative data and vice
Healthcare System of Norway Health Policy of Norway Analysis of Health Policy Pressures on Health Care Delivery High Cost Ageing Population Increased Diseases Waiting-time Prioritization The healthcare systems are developed to provide necessary healthcare facilities. It is also aimed to maintain health of their citizen in compliance with the state and international regulations. Norway is considered as one of the country, holding prominent place in global economy as well as growth rate and per capita income (Pontusson2011). It
Other issues arise in the clustering of immigrants around the major urban areas, thus pulling to much from the grid, taxing the already marginalized system, and allowing an unprescedented demand in new housing. Experts acknolwedge that this increased level of housing needs cause even short-term visias to now be suspect in contributed to the gridlock. Additionally one of the conundrums that support a change in policy focuses on the type