Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
John Muir, Gifford Pinchot, and Aldo Leopold, three premier American environmentalists. It will also evaluate and explain my opinions regarding each individual. The wilderness is more than a concept; it is an enduring part of the American landscape that many environmentalists continue to try to protect. Three early proponents of the wilderness in America were Muir, Leopold, and Pinchot, but they had far different ideas about how and why to protect it. This film, The Wilderness Idea, looks at the men, their ideals, and the American wilderness, and how they all fought, in their own unique way, to keep some of America's most beautiful lands as an enduring symbol for her people to use and enjoy.
Many people may think that the idea of wilderness preservation is a relatively new idea, but it really began at the mid to late 19th century as cities and towns in America first began to expand, grow, and tear down wild areas. The film notes, "As wilderness shrank its popularity grew" (The Wilderness Idea). All of these early environmentalists wanted to protect at least some of the wilderness for posterity, but they all had different ideas about how it should be protected and why it should be protected, and often their ideas clashed with each other. From their backgrounds, it is easy to see why they had very different ideas about the wilderness and how to preserve it.
John Muir was the first President of the Sierra Club, and probably one of the best known and loved of the early environmentalists. Muir believed the wilderness was God's work, and should be left alone, and in fact, he equated God with life. It is easy to see why he fell in love with the beauty of the Sierra Nevada, Yosemite, and many of America's other wild places. He came from an austere and even violent family who allowed no adornment or even reading of anything but the Bible. The family could not even sing traditional Scottish folk songs. He grew up with a very stern and domineering father, and when he finally left and created his own world, he fell in love with some of the most beautiful places on earth. It is almost as if he was trying to make up for his dark and severe childhood by surrounding himself with as much beauty as he could.
Gifford Pinchot, on the other hand, was the first Chief of the American Forest Service. Pinchot believed man could manage the wilderness, and indeed man should manage the wilderness so it could be sustained for future generations. He said, "The earth belongs at right to all people" (The Wilderness Idea). Unlike Muir, who grew up in a poor, domineering household, Pinchot grew up in a wealthy family who had high political connections, traveled to Europe frequently, and owned several large mansions and estates. Pinchot saw the wilderness as something beautiful to be managed and dominated, while Muir saw it as something beautiful to be preserved above all else. In addition, Pinchot's father educated him well, and chose his career in forestry, while Muir used the wilderness to escape his father and his father's lifestyle. Muir was an inventor and thinker, while Pinchot was an educated but perhaps naive young man who was totally convinced that the only way to manage America's forests and wilderness was by government control, and sometimes very strict government control.
Perhaps the biggest difference between the two men was how they looked at the modern world. Muir tended to doubt the entire modern world and its technology, while Pinchot was a very modern thinker, which he proved when he designed forestry management at the Biltmore Estate that allowed logging, but also allowed for renewal of the trees and the resource so logging could continue, rather than ultimately destroy the resource. Muir felt that human beings and nature could co-exist in a balance, while Pinchot ultimately felt the only way they could co-exist was for man to dominate, or manage them effectively. It is clear to see why the two men, who both loved the land, could not agree. Fundamentally, the foundations of their belief were far different, and what they wanted from the land was far different. Pinchot wanted to use the land…[continue]
"Wilderness Idea" (2005, May 23) Retrieved December 3, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/wilderness-idea-65671
"Wilderness Idea" 23 May 2005. Web.3 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/wilderness-idea-65671>
"Wilderness Idea", 23 May 2005, Accessed.3 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/wilderness-idea-65671
Wilderness Idea Two diametrically opposed notions of conservation, that of Gifford Pinchot and John Muir are presented in the documentary film "The Wilderness Idea." Although the two men started off as friends and both eventually developed close personal and professional ties to President Theodore Roosevelt, and although both men were instrumental forces in the creation of the United States national parks, forests, and wilderness preserves, Pinchot's and Muir's notions of the
One wilderness management expert notes, "Campsite impact assessments and monitoring methods range from photographic approaches to condition class approaches to a more intensive quantitative measurement of multi-parameters" (Glidden, 2005, p. 1). Managers had to develop methodologies to measure impacts of different areas, and staff must be able to implement these methodologies consistently. There are also many other assessments and needs programs that must be managed throughout the area. This
Were such changes necessary? According to what Oelshlaeger explains in his book, it appears that much of these changes are interconnected. With agriculture "naturally" come other transitions in the society. In fact, "neo" or "new" implies the many changes that occurred 10,000 years ago with the advent of growing crops. The beginnings of this huge change can be traced to the food-producing cultures evolving on the eastern shores of
Wilderness Growing up gazing at the glistening Bosphorus, I never thought once that there was any part of our world untouched by the hands of humans. When my family took us on vacation, it was always somewhere beautiful: by the sea or in the mountains. The air was fresher over there; and my parents smiled much more than they do when they are home in bustling Istanbul. Weekend escapes to the
These reflect light and can be a signal to search and rescue teams in the event of an emergency. Campers should also carry a map of the trail and understand the route they will take around the lake before they leave for their trip. One thing many campers forget is the altitude around Lake Tahoe. The lake itself is about 6.000 feet up, and the Rim Trail even higher.
Human beings, while being superior, are nonetheless part of the physical world and subject to its laws. Mankind is made in His image and is therefore distinct from the rest of creation This belief is central to the dichotomy outlined above: human beings are part of the physical world, but also part of God. On the basis of this inner divinity, humankind is given the right to claim superiority to their
His rejected and criticized Montaigne's self-indulgence. He stressed the need to be concerned for others and to temper one's self-expression so that it more closely resembled an ordered society. Reading these three authors gives the reader a feeling for the changes in society that dictated a sense of identity and self from the 16th to 18th Centuries. Society went through some radical changes during this time that can be characterized