wireless network technology. Mainly, I will discuss the main features of wireless technology, and explain how network technology has become so useful in the present time.
In the next section, I will give a brief review of ten articles and show how they are related to the above theme of the essay. Finally, I will explain the impact of wireless technology within the next decade.
In the present section, a brief overview of ten articles on wireless technology is presented:
Elliot, R. (2002). Wireless information management. http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?RQT=318&pmid=23201&TS=1071005374&clientId=13245&VType=PQD&VName=PQD&VInst=PROD" Information Management Journal, 36(5): 62-66
Wireless technologies are portable systems that use radio signals for the exchange of data. In other words, wireless system is always connected with the data. A number of examples of wireless systems are personal digital assistants (PDAs), robots, telehealth apparatus, pagers, telephones, tablet computers and subnotebook computers (smaller, lighter portable computers), smart telephones, wireless networks.
Wireless applications use a range of communication infrastructure including cellular, wireless local area networks (LANs), and wireless wide area networks (WANs). Cellular and microcellular transmissions use radio waves to send and receive data from wireless platform devices such as cellular phones, PDAs, or specially equipped portable computers.
But cellular transmission is vulnerable to noise and interference. Wireless LANs consist of a traditional LAN with a wireless interface card. The data transmission rate of wireless LANs is considerably higher than that of cellular transmission. Current wireless WAN service providers use satellite transmission to provide the nationwide, two-way communications at the relatively low speeds and high prices.
2. Olariu, S. And Stojmenovic, I. (2003). An issue dedicated to wireless networks and mobile computing. http://web16.epnet.com/hjafdetail.asp?tb=1&_ug=dbs+5+ln+en%2Dus+sid+E85D0BDF%2D6EAF%2D4BE7%2D8549%2DAE69FD7DFC73%40sessionmgr3%2Dsessionmgr4+4E23&_us=bs+wireless++NETWORKS+cst+0%3B1+db+5+ds+wireless++NETWORKS+dstb+KS+gl+RV++Y+hd+0+hs+%2D1+or+DaInternational Journal of Foundations of Computer Science, 14 (2): 167.
The authors argue that in recent years the areas of mobile computing and wireless networks have seen an explosive growth both in terms of the number of services provided and the types of technologies that have become available. It is anticipated that in the future, mobile users will be able to access their data and other services such as electronic mail, video telephony, stock market news, map services, electronic banking, while on the move.
3. Advani, R. And Choudhury, K. (2001). Making the most of B2C wireless. Business Strategy Review, 12(1): 39-49.
Although wireless technology is still emerging, yet many organizations are making considerable investments to take advantage of the new business opportunities offered by wireless technologies. Several companies are, however, susceptible to the uncertainty involved in the use of wireless "killer applications" and the timing and capability of next-generation wireless technologies. The authors argue that the best way to approach the opportunities of wireless networks is not to find a single "killer application, but to identify "killer experience" to staify the needs of the customers.
4. Malladi, R. And Agrawal, (2002).
Current and future applications of mobile and wireless networks. Communications of the ACM, 45(10): 144-146.
Using the improved cellular network, hundreds of individuals and companies, large and small, have already begun to adjust to the effects of using wireless data in their businesses. And many organizations are still looking for transparent and standard set of interfaces that support their wireless computing applications, including e-mail, data base access, and online services.
5. Brodsky, I. (1997). The net unplugged. Telephony, 232 (9): 50.
Wireless technology will be increasingly used for stimulating access to time- and location-sensitive information. Wireless access will provide efficient use of the Internet. Wireless users will access the Internet from hand-held portable devices. Wireless will make it practical to use the Internet from virtually anywhere. It is very likely that content targeted at mobile and remote users will grow particularly content intended for access from cellular and PCS handsets and pagers. Therefore the wireless Internet technologies can be expected in the near future.
6. Rob, F. (1995). Universal personal communications in the new telecommunications world order: Access to wireline networks. Telecommunication Policy, 19(1): 43-49.
The author makes the point that while wireless technology offers various opportunities for customer services, it also creates needs for management, planning, operating, service, and regulatory decisions.
Several technologies developed in cellular systems. First, the industry has been able to develop standards that facilitate handoffs between systems and the provision of automatic roaming. Automatic roaming refers to the ability of the customer to place and receive calls automatically as he/she moves across different cellular systems and utilizes infrastructure equipment manufactured by different vendors.
7. Shih, G. And Shim, S. (2002). A service management framework for M-commerce applications. Mobile Networks and Applications, 7(3): 199.
In this paper, the authors provide an overview of mobile commerce. According to the authors, mobile commerce (m-commerce) refers to an ability to conduct wireless commerce transactions using mobile applications in mobile devices. M-commerce applications can vary from as simple as an address book synchronization to as difficult as credit card transactions. The authors argue that M-commerce is expected to grow dramatically in the near future supporting simple to complex commerce transactions. Even though the Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) is designed to facilitate the development of wireless applications, it will not be sufficient to handle complex business transactions that require cooperation of different service applications. In order to handle these complex mobile commerce transactions efficiently, an intelligent, robust and scalable framework that provides diverse m-commerce services is required.
8. Joshi, A. And Krishna, A. (2001). Broadband wireless. Journal of High Speed Networks, 10(1): 1-6.
The authors discuss on the issue of international wireless standards. The authors describe the case of The Bluetooth wireless technology, which is aiming at uniting personal computing devices into a collaborative, interconnected electronic community. In Fobruary 1998, According to the authors, Ericsson, IBM, Intel, Nokia, and Toshiba formed the Blue-tooth Special Interest Group to work the development of an international communications standard for simplifying interactivity between personal devices. As of today, this interest group has grown to nine promoters and over 2100 adopters including all sorts of industrial, scientific, and educational institutions.
9. Zimmerman, T.G. (1999). Wirelss networked digital devices: A new paradigm for computing and communication. IBM Systems Journal, 38(4): 566-575.
This paper first examines the technology used for wireless communication. Putting a radio in a digital device provides physical connectivity; however, to make the device useful in a larger context a networking infrastructure is required. The infrastructure allows devices to share data, applications, and resources such as printers, mass storage, and computation power. Defining a radio standard is a tractable problem as demonstrated by the solutions presented in this paper. Designing a network infrastructure is much more complex. The second half of the paper describes several research projects that try to address components of the networking infrastructure.
10. Sestito, S. 1995. Just-in-time information: wireless technology and the professional. CPA Journal, 65 (11): 38-40.
The author argues that in today's dynamic world, just-in-time flow of information has become increasingly important. That means, providing right data, right place, right time, anywhere, anytime. In today's world, businesses would not take risks of taking too long to respond to change. This phenomenon has given birth to the wireless technology that can provide access to firm's database, an online accounting/tax database, or the Intemet, from anywhere around the globe.
The Impact of Wireless technology within the Next Decade
In future, I believe that wireless systems will have a huge impact on the computing industry. Without being worried about the need of hard-wires, people can quickly find information on different activities instantly through wireless technology. Presently, because of the low band-width, the signals are not clear. Moreover, portable devices consist of small screen that makes it difficult to receive a lot of information. However, I believe in future, there will be a lot of improvement in both of these fronts, so that wireless technology becomes commonplace not only in communication, but also in instant networking and real-time data transmission.