Accountability of Personnel at an Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

(Abdelnabi, 2007)

Emergency services personnel are required to perceive to include an accountability system which is standard. Systems may change as per the circumstances, however there is required to be certain fundamental principles which are to be followed so as to promote compatibility among systems. There are several varying systems of accountability out there. Each asserts to be superior. Some are very costly, and some are cheap. When perceiving for an accountability system, each of the individual agency is required to first assess their requirements. What kind of incidents do you react to? How many personnel are required to be liable for? What is your economic position? Do you desire to adopt an electronic system or that of a manual system? (Yaccich, 2002)

It is an established truth that freelancing is a much unsecured practice. Freelancing might give rise to injury or death. ("Public Fire Safety Guidelines," 2000) Old timers, recall the days of filter marks and the cowboy approach towards firefighting acknowledge the implicit hazard of such practices. If we are to safeguard our most worthy resource -- our people, we are required to ensure their whereabouts at all times. This is particularly true when the incident enhances and firefighters are in greater danger. Anything less is deplorable. (Walker, 2007) Thus if one has to eradicate freelancing, one has take a major step towards enhancing the overall security of the personnel. Accountability fosters the concept of teamwork. For all to be accurately accountable, they must adhere to be in their groups. (Yaccich, 2002) the most prominent step for attaining accountability of personnel is an organization wide dedication. (Walker, 2007)

Accountability is straightly associated with supervision. It is the liability of all the officers, superiors and the incident authority to keep pace of a standard of supervision that is liable for the location as well as function of all personnel at every incident. The firefighters are liable to inform their supervisors regarding their actions and locations. ("Public Fire Safety Guidelines," 2000) the head of the department is required to view the accountability of personnel just as gravely as the battalion commander, the company officer, as well as the firefighter. The Incident Command System or Incident Management System is required to indicate the responsibilities as well as roles of personnel at all levels. Again this is required to be followed on all incidents, from the usual work to the complex. If a company officer is not aware where his or her crew is while on a small fire, probability is that this officer would have even less awareness on the big one. (Walker, 2007)

Team sizes can change with each circumstance. Every team is required to have a team head that is liable for uniting the team, carrying out the mission of the team and reporting to the accountability officer as well as authority. The accountability officer position holds a great deal of liability. A correctly trained accountability officer monitors all 'on scene personnel, time in/out, duties, location, just to mention some duties'. (Yaccich, 2002) as commanding officers who are on an emergency incident, this could involve a huge relaxation off the burden. The accountability officer is required to be in direct involvement with all team leaders along with the authority. (Yaccich, 2002). While there appear different modes to monitor the personnel, the base line is making them aware and making individual emergency firefighters liable to continue to be a component of the team. Their authority is also required to be aware of the staffs and their operations at every moment. The most crucial time on the emergency fire ground is in the initial twenty minutes, when resources might be light and command officers might still be in course. If there ever exist a moment to scrutinize this then it is this! As an authority structure develops then teams which report to a sector officer is required to be accountable towards that individual. (Richards, 2003)

An accountability process which is good is required not to link up communications with unnecessary radio passage. The conditional controls are required to be conducted at frequent intervals indicated before the emergency incident and sanctioned by command. The communications are required to be speedy and include everyone. (Yaccich, 2002) the essential resources are required to be chalked out with precedence, if a program is to be successful. A skill development program which is aggressive, incorporating the elementary level classes as well as in-service training and practical
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assessments are required to be targeted at imparting accountability as a skill. Normally, fire departments impart training on hose and ladder evolutions, aggressive entry, hydraulics etc., as talents that are required to be attained and practiced. Everyone inside the organization is required to have a careful comprehension of his or her responsibility as also role, at conceptual as well as pragmatic spheres on all incidents. There is required to be no query by anyone inside the organization of what is necessary of them, at times of general operations and in the incident of a distress circumstance. (Walker, 2007)

A significant level of accountability is accurate documentation. In case of fire departments, an accountability statement is required to be completed and affixed with every fire report. This is the testimony in respect of ensuring accountability at every sphere. An accountability report is required to mention the names of the authority team, incorporating the accountability officer. Further, the strength of the group and their responsibilities, the number of times as well as frequency of PAR surveys, and any other details appear pertinent. On lesser incident of emergency, where all are in simple opinion of the Accountability Officer, significant visual accountability is considered to be acceptable. If all are not within the line of view of the Accountability Officer, PAR surveys are required to be performed. The Personnel Accountability Report or PAR is a roll call with regard to personnel. A PAR from the team leader or company officer is a confirmation wherein members allocated to his/her squads is apparently accounted for. (Richards, 2003)

It is pertinent to indicate the back-up role or quick interference crew, and make certain that each and everyone understands what is to be performed if they are vested with this responsibility. (Walker, 2007) a PAR with regard to the sector officer is taken to be an accounting for all of the crew members of all firms vested to his/her arena. If feasible, PAR is required to be personal or with the field wherever practicable. PARs are required to be updated frequently, to illustrate every 20 minutes. Further when there is a remarkable variation in the emergency incident, to illustrate, structural collapse, variation in strategic method, offensive to defensive or that of a report a firefighter missing, a PAR is required to be quickly implemented. The more prolonged the time among PARs ensures a better chance of not being able to restore a missing or lost firefighter. As the incident enhances to the level which the accountability officers are being vested, command is required to be executed an accountability sector to bring together accountability officer. The accountability sector officer would need to be vested to safety section. The accountability sector officer progresses and implements a plan to monitor and account for all of the personnel functioning in the hot spot. (Richards, 2003)

The 'emergency response personnel mechanized accountability system', also indicated to being a 'Firefighter Automated Accountability System -- FAAS', is required to be entailed that back up automatic trailing of and confined connections among first reactions incorporating police, fire, security personnel and emergency medical service. The FAAS enhances circumstantial recognition and security of first responder personnel by entailing position details automatically along with other sensor details. Elements of the FAAS incorporate wireless mesh networks having location as well as communications systems to support the real-time tracking of as well as communications with that of the emergency reaction personnel. The 'FAAS incident recognition system' entails position and time information through Global Positioning System -- GPS and/or several other of the positioning systems as well as procedural data from the sensors to entail increased linkages, command and regulation capacities to the first reactions and incident command at the incident spot. (Mason, 2006)

In this manner accountability systems are required to be with operational strategies for emergency incident management as well as rapid inference teams. Accountability measures are required to detect when accountability systems would be applied, the supervision level and the manner in which entry regulations to the emergency incident would be restored. Accountability systems is required to be sufficiently flexible so as to be applied for any emergency incident wherein personnel are isolated and away from the incident authority, the incident danger level high, incident situations are varying quickly or as other circumstances dictate. Accountability system/processes are required to be capable of accommodating non-departmental personnel when essential. To illustrate, ambulance, police, utilities staff, investigation personnel, or other similar associated individuals. ("Public Fire Safety Guidelines," 2000)

An accountability procedure…

Sources Used in Documents:


Abdelnabi, Rasmieyh. (2007, Dec) "Firefighting tactics change over time" Beloit Daily News,

pp. 5-6.

Bieback, John S. (1999) "Firefighters integrated communication and safety system"

Kipp, Jonathan D; Loflin, Murrey E. (1996) "Emergency Incident Risk Management: A Safety & Health Perspective" Rothstein Associates Inc.

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