Infrastructure assets, although very beneficial to society are often marred with high profiled accidents and deaths. Industry segments such as trucking, rail transportation, and ocean shipping have all experienced very high profile and deadly accidents. Although the statistics indicate the many of these activities are safe, occasionally accidents occur that can adverse consequents for not only the company, but the industry overall. The airline industry is not except for this criticism either. The airline industry is particularly fraught with oversight primarily due its importance global economy. The airline not only transports goods around the world but also individuals. These individuals are often helpless in the event of a malfunction or a serios lapse in protocols. As the September 11th, terrorist attacks illustrated, airlines can also be the target of extremist’s groups looking to harm the United States. From a national security perspective, airline also ship mission critical information, goods and products around the world. The recent COVID-19 pandemic illustrates the importance of airline companies in transporting life saving vaccines and doing so in a temperature controls and secure fashion. As result of the overall importance of the airline industry to consumers, industries and society overall, it is often a prime candidate for risk assessment. The modified bow-tie model is particularly useful as it allows multiple sources of inputs and consequences for a single event. It also provides insights into preventative measures and how to properly mitigate the risks associated with the aviation industry. Although risk can not be fully eliminated, through the use of the modified bow-tie methods risks can be substantial diminished (Cederholm, 2008).
The overall purpose of the risk assessment is the minimize risks associated with the airline industry. Due to its importance to society, individuals travel, and global commerce, periodic risk assessments must be conducted to maintain the overall safety of the industry. Likewise, risk assessments can ultimately increase consumers confidence in utilizing the industry for their commerce and transportations needs. As COVID-19 has illustrated, a severe lack of consumer confidence, especially related to health safety can have a serve impact on the industry overall. Likewise, a severe mistake resulting in the death of many paying customers can have a similar impact. For this reason the report will provide a risk assessment of the sources of late clearance changes from air traffic control operations. In this instance, a majority of the safety reports have shown a strong correlation to air traffic control and late clearance items (Cederholm, 2014).
Chart 1, within the appendix provides a list of 25 safety reports that were analyzed.…Nuclear Bomb Attack
7. 2B – Chemical Warfare
8. 3B – Cyber Security Attack
9. 4B – Government Regulation
10. 5B – Extremely Bad Weather
11. 1C – Government shutdown
12. 2C – Rival competitor plan crash
13. 3C – Extreme rise in oil prices
14. 4C – Employee Strike
15. 5C – Weather Delays
16. 1D – Employee delays and absenteeism
17. 2D – Technology interruptions and/or slowness
18. 3D – Airplane maintenance
19. 4D – Airport Closure
20. 5D – Rise of alternative transportation
21. 1E – Disgruntled customer holding delay the flight
22. 2E – Power outage
23. 3E – Customer Protests
24. 4E – Large amounts of lost packages
25. 5E – Employee Theft
To conclude improvements will need to be made to the technology related to the flight crew and ATC. The first recommendation will be enhance work flow techniques in order to avoid costly clearance delays. These workflow solutions will allow ATC to properly access incoming air traffic, mitigate errors and allow for proper clearance. The solution should focus on cyber security, to protect both airlines and their customers. The second solution pertains to the pilot communication principles. Here, clearance, if certain protocols are met, should be requested in advance to provide ATC with appropriate time to approve.
Qantas Risk Factors Qantas Case Study Risk Factor Identification Some of the risk factors for Qantas are general and specific to the airline industry more than they are specific to Qantas, but yet should be mentioned anyway. Other risk factors are things that Qantas in particular is enduring and are not something endemic to the industry as a whole, at least not at this time. The different risks, both specific to Qantas and
Airline Terrorism As the name implies, terrorism is an attempt to provoke fear and intimidation. Therefore, terrorist acts are intended to attract wide publicity and provoke public shock, outrage, and/or fear. The intent may be to provoke disproportionate reactions from governments, and they are intended to achieve political or religious goals, not personal gain. Many definitions of terrorism exist, produced by the politicians, media, academics, think tanks, and of course by government.
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Airline tickets, food and beverage and related items are going up faster than planners can adjust. Hotels, destination management companies, transportation providers and suppliers in general are all affected by oil price increases. Industry leaders say that fares may increase by another 20%. Every penny of increase in oil price exacts an extra $1 billion a year from consumers. Smith Travel Research, however, reported a leveling off of increased