Alcoholism and IV Drug Use in Rural NJ Research Paper

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Alcoholism and IV drug use in Rural NJ

There has been a dramatic spike in alcoholism and IV drug addiction over the past couple of months. This has been the leading cause of death in the rural community of Wantage, NJ. The health need identified aligns with the Healthy People 2020 objectives in that it is aimed at reducing the number of addicts especially adolescents. The community has seen an influx of drug addiction and this has become a problem as not many people understand the effects of drugs. Preventing and reducing the number of drug addicts within the community will lead to better outcomes and increase the mortality rate. The objectives of reducing the number of adolescents who partake of drugs and alcohol will ensure that as they get older, they will most likely keep off drugs. Teaching adolescents the negative effects of drugs will also lead to them avoiding drugs as they are well aware of how dangerous they can be to a person's mental state. Early treatment is also encouraged, which will assist in offering solutions at an early age instead of when the problem has become too serious.

Alcohol and heroine have been identified as the drugs that are most abused within the community. With a population of about 11,000 residents, it is surprising that about 43 percent have been reported to have some sought of addiction (Blevins et al., 2018). This is based on the number of people who have sought treatment within the county's treatment centers. One wonders how many others have not sought treatment and they are out there. With the continued abuse of alcohol and drugs, the community is slowly deteriorating in the number of people who are able to hold jobs and public facilities are being overrun. At the moment the community needs to invest more in preventive strategies. This will ensure that people receive information and training on the adverse effects of drugs ensuring that they do not go down that rabbit hole. Increasing rehabilitation services is also vital for the community. The most affected members of the community are aged between 25 and 60 years. The men are the most affected of this age group (Blevins et al., 2018), however, women are not that far off.

With proper interventions in place, the community will benefit in reducing the number of new addicts and controlling those currently addicted. Interventions are aimed at offering counseling services and rehabilitation of those who are afflicted by the drugs. Reducing the number of addicts will also reduce the rates of crime and other evil habits that mostly follow addicts. Businesses will also benefit in that they will now have enough people to work within the businesses and the community will flourish. According to Miloyan, Bulley, Brilot, and Suddendorf (2017) the health and mortality rate of the community will increase and there will be healthier and happy residents. In case the problem is not solved there is a probability that more and more people will continue to be addicted and the younger generation will most likely also…

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…alcohol addicts. Develop rehabilitation centers to ensure that there are enough facilities to support the objective.

Encourage drug and alcohol addicts to visit the centers for counselling services. Have the professionals visit certain areas within the community to interact with the addicts.

Offer detoxification and withdrawal medication to the addicts (Grant et al., 2017).

The community resources needed to initiate this program include hiring trained alcohol and drug educators, printing educational materials, identifying recreational centers that can be used for counseling services, and identifying advertising companies. Parents, community elders, teachers, and other caregivers can be offered training materials that they can use to educate the youth and children on the dangers of drugs and alcohol. We estimate that the costs for setting up this program will only include the cost of printing materials, hiring counselors, leasing out halls, billboards, and television advertisements. The total cost would come to about $20,000.

Evaluation of the program will be measured by a reduction in the number of drug and alcohol addicts within a specified period. Reduced number of adolescents who take up drugs and alcohol (Moss, Goldstein, Chen, & Yi, 2015). With the intention of the program been to reduce the dependency of alcohol and drugs and to also discourage the youth from starting to use them then it would be worthy to also measure how effective the program has been by interacting with the youth. This will be aimed at determining how much knowledge they have regarding the effects of drugs and alcohol. Surveys could also be…

Sources Used in Document:


Blevins, C. E., Abrantes, A. M., Anderson, B. J., Caviness, C. M., Herman, D. S., & Stein, M. D. (2018). A longitudinal evaluation of the role of alcohol self?concept in alcohol use, motives, negative affect, and alcohol?related problems among emerging adults. The American journal on addictions, 27(6), 501-508.

Grant, B. F., Chou, S. P., Saha, T. D., Pickering, R. P., Kerridge, B. T., Ruan, W. J., . . . Fan, A. (2017). Prevalence of 12-month alcohol use, high-risk drinking, and DSM-IV alcohol use disorder in the United States, 2001-2002 to 2012-2013: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. JAMA psychiatry, 74(9), 911-923.

Miloyan, B., Bulley, A., Brilot, B., & Suddendorf, T. (2017). The association of Social Anxiety Disorder, Alcohol Use Disorder and reproduction: Results from four nationally representative samples of adults in the USA. PLoS ONE, 12(11), e0188436.

Moss, H. B., Goldstein, R. B., Chen, C. M., & Yi, H.-Y. (2015). Patterns of use of other drugs among those with alcohol dependence: Associations with drinking behavior and psychopathology. Addictive Behaviors, 50, 192-198.

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