What Is Autism? This facilitates the ability of physicians to accurately diagnose Autism and enabled them to easily differentiate Autism from schizophrenia.
Autism, also referred to as autism spectrum disorder, is a disorder that takes into account a variety of conditions signified by challenges with social abilities, repetitive manners, speech and nonverbal communication, in addition to distinctive strengths and differences (Autism Speaks, 2018). Delineated by a set of behaviors, autism impacts persons in dissimilar ways and to varying magnitudes. There is no acknowledged sole cause of autism, but increased cognizance and early diagnosis or intervention and accessibility to suitable services give rise to substantially augmented results (Autism Society, 2016).
What is the history of autism?
1887- Dr. John Langdon Down, the first to describe Down's syndrome, researched mental retardation and this is what would be classified as having Autism today
1911- Eugen Bleuler used the word autism to describe a symptom of schizophrenia
I943 and 1944 – Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger develop Infantile Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome
1971- Eric Schopler and Robert Reichler studied the effects of parent involvement in the ...
2013- After 19 years, the DSM has been updated based on new literature and clinical experience. Significant changes to the Autism criteria occurred in this update. The diagnosis will now be referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) (Project Autism, 2018).
Autism has become prevalent over the years.
The number of children detected with autism or associated disorders have increased at a considerably alarming rate. In the epochs of 1970s and 1980s, statistics indicated that about one out of every 2,000 children had autism. However, in the present day, the CDC makes and estimation that one in 150 8-year-olds in the U.S. has an autism spectrum disorder, or ASD (Doheny, 2018).
How is Autism diagnosed?
Diagnosing autism continues to be challenging because up until the present day there is no one particular medical test or procedure that can diagnose the disease. Rather, specifically trained physicians together with psychologists run and oversee autism-specific behavioral evaluations and subsequently make a diagnosis. The diagnosis…
This facilitates the ability of physicians to accurately diagnose Autism and enabled them to easily differentiate Autism from schizophrenia.
Intellectual DisabilitiesI want to work with individuals who fall under the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Individuals diagnosed with any of the conditions that fall in ASD may have cognitive, sensory, social, or developmental challenges that interfere with their intellectual capabilities. While people on the spectrum have increasingly accessed vocational rehabilitation, their outcome in vocational careers is still poor. The cognitive challenges of the people on this spectrum involve the slow
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) & Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) The work of Cummings and Carr (2009) entitled "Evaluating Progress in Behavioral Programs for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Via Continuous and Discontinuous Measurement" reports a study that conducted an examination of the effect of two sets of data collected on skill acquisition and maintenance in behavioral treatment programs for children with autism spectrum disorders in terms of the influence of two
As noted in the located research, "individuals with autism may have an IQ at any level. By convention, if an individual with autism has an IQ in the normal range (or above), they are said to have 'high-functioning autism' (HFA)." (Baron-Cohen, 1) For a parent with a young child who exhibits signs of true intelligence or even of prominent and unique talents, the understanding of autism as a disorder
ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which impairs social development and causes problem communicating. ASD is a biological problem that can be diagnosed by the time the child is three years old. There is a problem between the nerve cells and their synapses and how they organize the information, which affects the way the brain processes information ("Autism," 2011). According to the Centers for Disease Control
Autistic Spectrum Disorders and the Family Unit Autistic Spectrum Disorders are a group of related disorders or developmental disabilities that have been caused by some sort of problem within the brain. The necessity to understand the reasons for autism and the basic underlying pathophysiology has become more severe because the amount of diagnosed cases has increased dramatically in recent years. (White, 2003) Researchers and scientists have not been able to discover,
Vitamin a for Autism Spectrum Disorder The Theory of Using Vitamin a as Treatment for Autism Spectrum Disorders There is widespread linkage of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and Oxytoxin. There are reports that any decrease in the pathway of Oxytocin, is a possible causative factor to the development of autistic situation (Munese-et-al., 2008). Decrease in Oxytocin comes about because of mutations in its receptors, which lead to a reduction on the