Christian Response To Philosophical Naturalism Essay

PAGES
4
WORDS
1140
Cite

Since neither of those explanations is likely (let alone knowable), philosophical naturalists would have to doubt that the universe exists at all; yet, very clearly, it does. The most likely explanation for the existence of the universe is simply that some force or consciousness (i.e. God) caused whatever the so-called "first cause" of existence was. The second major philosophical assumption of philosophical naturalism presupposes that all philosophical postulates must, necessarily, fit the scientific model. However, that supposition clearly closes off many possible explanations simply because they may lie outside of human understanding. Again, that position is an a priori assumption that also violates the first major philosophical assumption of philosophical naturalism. In essence, it suggests that scientific concepts provide the only possible set of tools for understanding phenomena, including phenomena that obviously defy scientific explanation such as miracles and faith. Most importantly, it automatically (and in a manner that is a priori) discounts the possibility that there could ever exist a consciousness or an intelligence that is so much greater than that of human beings that certain actions or choices of that consciousness (i.e. God) simply defy the limits of human intelligence and imagination.

Implications for Christian Teachers (200-300 words)

For contemporary Christian educators, the perspective of philosophical naturalism can present a legitimate challenge to the teachings of Christianity and of other religious perspectives, at least in the minds of skeptics. On one hand, Christian teachers must focus on Christian ideals and philosophy; on the other hand,...

...

The first step in addressing the ideas promoted by those who adhere to philosophical naturalism would be to demonstrate a complete familiarity with and understanding of those ideas. That alone helps establish more credibility when countering those arguments than a Christian educator who is not capable of discussing those ides intelligently. The next step in addressing those ideas would be to try to demonstrate that one cannot possibly argue against the existence of any a priori beliefs by presupposing an a priori belief in the very process. The Christian educator can suggest that one cannot argue that "there are no givens…except that there are no givens" because that is, itself, a given.
The Christian educator should also be able to demonstrate familiarity with some of the more common scientific explanations of the existence of the universe, particularly since even scientists acknowledge that there is a specific point shortly after the supposed "Big Bang" before which even the laws of physics prove that no empirical calculations can possibly be drawn because the laws of physics necessarily break down as a function of Einstein's Relativity Theory.

Sources Consulted

Friedman, M. (1997). "Philosophical Naturalism." Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association. Accessed online, October 15, 2011, from:

http://galileo.fcien.edu.uy/philosophical_naturalism.htm

Hawking, S. (1990). A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes. Bantam Publishing: New York.

Cite this Document:

"Christian Response To Philosophical Naturalism" (2011, October 15) Retrieved February 25, 2024, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/christian-response-to-philosophical-naturalism-46434

"Christian Response To Philosophical Naturalism" 15 October 2011. Web.25 February. 2024. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/christian-response-to-philosophical-naturalism-46434>

"Christian Response To Philosophical Naturalism", 15 October 2011, Accessed.25 February. 2024,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/christian-response-to-philosophical-naturalism-46434

Related Documents

Soul: Why Only Christian Psychologists Can Practice "True Psychology" Today, there are more than one hundred thousand licensed psychologists practicing in the United States. These mental health professionals are in a unique position to provide individuals, groups, and American society with valuable counseling services for a wide range of mental health issues and mental disorders. This study uses a triangulated research approach to demonstrate that true psychology can be done

Hemingway is classified as a modernist in fiction. Modernism rejected traditions that existed in the nineteenth century and sought to stretch the boundaries, striking out in new directions and with new techniques. More was demanded of the reader of literature or the viewer of art. Answers were not presented directly to issues raised, but instead the artist demanded the participation of the audience more directly in finding meaning and in

James believed that belief in God could be contemplated in terms of "live and dead hypotheses" (James 2010). He argues that when one is trying to find an argument for God existing or God not existing, we must consider three things: 1) Living or dead 2) Forced or unavoidable; and, 3) Momentous or trivial. He says, "and for our purposes we may call an option a genuine option when it

Not only is a challenge present for Muslim teachers in attempting to standardize this curriculum but as well "this is compounded by the fact that curriculum materials related to teaching about Islam produced overseas - even for Arabic language studies - are viewed as irrelevant or unsuited to young students' lives and culture in the U.S. And Europe." (Douglass and Shaikh, 2004) Guidelines have been provided in recent years concerning

Why American Democracy Has Failed and Why the Anti Federalists were Right Introduction The Declaration of Independence, written in 1776, asserted that “all men are created equal.”[endnoteRef:2] It was an Enlightenment notion: Thomas Paine, an avid follower of the Enlightenment Movement in Europe, had written the Rights of Man to support and promote the ideas of the philosophical revolution that had gotten underway decades prior with Rousseau’s Social Contract and the latter’s

Van Gogh in Search of
PAGES 20 WORDS 6470

On the contrary, if I had been able to be a clergyman or an art dealer, then perhaps I should not have been fit for drawing and painting, and I should neither have resigned nor accepted my dismissal as such. I cannot stop drawing because I really have a draughtsman's fist, and I ask you, have I ever doubted or hesitated or wavered since the day I began to