Subsequently, other Daoist sages who were influential include Yu, Shun, and Yao. The principle early Daoist text was written by unknown individuals in the 3rd century BC and based on the earlier teachings of Lao Zi. Unlike most other religions Daoism does not emphasize any specific doctrines or beliefs, instead focusing mainly on the mechanisms for teaching and sharing communal values. The most popular deity accepted by Daoists is Guan Di, a 3rd century BC military leader who was executed.
Confucius lived in the 5th and 6th centuries BC, exactly at the same time as Buddha. It is believed that Confucius encountered Lao Zi and that Lao Zi tried to convince Confucius that he was excessively concerned with logical ethics instead of appreciating the natural ways of the world. Confucius authored many texts but they were not compiled into sacred works until the 3rd century, when his followers authored the Yi Jing and Shu Jing. The other most important literary sources of Confucianism are the Ssu Shu set of four books. Like Daoism, Confucianism does not prescribe specific religious principles but sets forth that the Emperor is the primary intermediary between God and man and that the Emperor provides the correct interpretation of God's wishes for man to follow.
Shamanism is a religious tradition that likely predated recorded history. In principle, it is a system whereby certain individuals within a society are believed to be empowered with supernatural abilities to influence human affairs, natural circumstances, and to heal and also cause illness and bad luck. Today, it is associated mainly with the most primitive peoples in the least developed parts of the world in parts of Africa, Asia, and South America.
Polytheism is a religious system that is based on multiple gods. The most famous polytheist tradition was that of the Ancient Greek Gods that dominated Greece from approximately the 9th century BC to 4th century AD. Typically, Polytheist cultures believe that different gods are responsible for different issues and human affairs.
Legalism is a Chinese religious tradition that dates back 5th century BC and lasted into the 3rd century AD. Legalism is not as...
Rather, it is a system that emphasized objective principles of ethics and morality (fa) and that also provided means of securing the ruling position of rulers (shu), and that promoted the concept that the source of authority was the position held by ruler rather than the personal identity of the ruler (shi).
There are several major trends evident in human religious. First, those that espouse specific individuals or deities reflect a profound reverence for them that transcends all aspects of their religious values. Second, most religions provide a set of values or a system of rules that promote essential beliefs about human morality and that differentiate appropriate from inappropriate behavior in the community.
In my opinion, many religions do provide valuable guidance in the sense that many of their rules, regardless of their actual origin, do promote human relations and values that are beneficial to the community. On the other hand, many of them are inseparable from arbitrary doctrine and superfluous ideas that probably do not actually contribute much except to the extent that they may facilitate the transfer of traditions from one generation to the next and the strength of communal identity that arises from shared traditions in general. In my opinion, modern human societies should be based on logical principles and not on religious traditions based on any principles or values that cannot be supported through objective rationale. The most surprising thing that I learned is that the Eastern religions believe in reincarnation and the influence of prior lives in subsequent lives. While that may be easy to imagine in the case of human lives, it is difficult for me to imagine how animal life forms can be judged for their behavior in any way that would make sense to determine the life they might deserve…
However, certain elements of traditional Christian theology are centered on Mary, and the degree of emphasis that those elements receive can be very telling about Mary's actual role in the religion. For example, the connection between female chastity and religious observance seems to have been established by God's choice of a Virgin to carry his son. God did not have to choose a virgin to bear his child, but
Conclusion In principle, it would be entirely possible to replace religious-inspired morality with logically derived concepts of morality in human life. Generally little else would be required besides suspending religious teachings and substituting the rules of organized religion with very basic ideas such as "do no harm." In that regard, the commandment "do unto others" is a perfectly useful and easily understandable ethical principle that could be taught with much better
Some Chinese researchers assert that Chinese flutes may have evolved from of Indian provenance. In fact, the kind of side-blown, or transverse, flutes musicians play in Southeast Asia have also been discovered in Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and Central Asia, as well as throughout the Europe of the Roman Empire. This suggests that rather than originating in China or even in India, the transverse flute might have been adopted through the
Jehovah Witness An Overview of the Jehovah's Witnesses Beliefs Jehovah's Witnesses is a sect that originated from America. In the same way, Mormonism, Islam, and several other religious beliefs have America as their birth place also. This makes the nation unrivalled in the accommodation of multiple religious sects. Though the Jehovah Witness claim to have been in existence for over 6,000 years, history has it that the sect came into existence in 1872,
In addition, this door panel, composed of cedar wood, may represent a type of social event which was rather prominent during the Early Christian period, circa 430 C.E. Since one can make out some kind of brick background behind the three figures, the panel might not have been designed to teach or provide instruction on a spiritual event like the crucifixion of Jesus but may be images "from an early
Globalization American Cultural Products have an Impact on Other Cultures About the American Culture How the American Culture Affects Products Globally Influences of Culture on One Another American Culture in China American Culture in Korea Major American Cultural Values Globalization has created a completely new way of life for billions of people. It has provided people with new technologies and alternative ways of consuming everything, from products to music and films to literature and even language. In other