Climate Change Executive Of A Company Re: Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Weather Type: Essay Paper: #47983662 Related Topics: Climate, Global Climate Change, Acid Rain, Fossil Fuel
Excerpt from Essay :

Climate Change

Executive of a Company

Re: Implications of different approaches for the U.S. To implement and address climate change.

Anthropogenic climate change is that which is dominated by human influences, in particular human contribution to atmospheric composition. It is established that anthropogenic climate change is like to continue for many centuries. The effects of climate change on the planet, and on the U.S., will be far-reaching, affecting all aspects of human life on earth (Karl & Trenberth, 2003).

Climate change is a global problem, but each nation has the ability to make its own contributions to addressing the problem. There are three main areas where nations can address climate change. The first is to adopt national strategies to stem the pace of climate change; the second is to work within the international system to foster global efforts to stem the pace of climate change; and the third is to adopt national strategies to mitigate the negative effects of climate change on America. This memo predominantly describes options for domestic policies to stem the pace of climate change.

Policy Options:

There are a number of policy options for stemming the pace of climate change that can be implemented at the national level. These options begin with the recognition of reality that burning fossil fuels is the critical contributor to anthropogenic climate change. The burning of fossil fuels have proven to be a critical driver of economic progress, starting in the late 19th century, so for the time being it is impossible to make dramatic, immediate reductions in fossil fuel usage. There are alternatives that can help to set such reductions in motion, however. These include policies that encourage the development of alternative energy sources and policies that will encourage the more efficient use of fossil fuels.

The first alternative therefore is to flow development funding to alternative energy sources. One such example is with

...

Economic incentives in countries like Germany for the purchase of solar panels have resulted in far greater market penetration of the technology than exists in the United States. The climate many parts of the United States is ideal for solar technology, yet as a nation we have low penetration of solar technology. Further incentives can be used to spur the development of these alternative energy technologies. China has superseded the United States as the leader in solar technology, for example, and Europe has done more with wind power. The system of economic incentives with respect to energy affords substantial tax benefits for hydrocarbon firms, which only exacerbates the problem from the supply side. If the supply side incentives are adjusted to reflect a move towards alternative energy forms, the reliance on hydrocarbons will be reduced.

A second alternative is to address the issue from the demand side, not by encouraging the use of substitutes (alternative energy) but by encouraging greater efficiency in our use of hydrocarbons. One such system that has been proposed is the cap-and-trade system. This system places a mandatory cap on emissions while providing sources flexibility in how they comply -- mainly by trading carbon credits (EPA, 2013). Producers of emissions who are going to go over their cap will face penalties, or they can trade for overages from producers who are under the cap. Those carbon credits, therefore, have value, creating an incentive for polluters to reduce the amount of polluting that they do. According to the EPA, a cap and trade system already exists for acid rain-causing emissions and has been successful.

As a policy instrument, cap…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited:

Karl, T. & Trenbarth, K. (2003). Modern global climate change. Science. Vol. 302 (2003) 1719-1721.

EPA. (2013). Cap and trade. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved April 16, 2013 from http://www.epa.gov/captrade/


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