Cognitive Behavior Therapy Problem Solving Therapies PST Research Paper

Excerpt from Research Paper :

Problem Solving Therapy applied to Chaney Allen's case.

According to, "What is problem solving? A review of theory, research and applications",.Effective problem solving includes a set of skills that can be learned. "In the cognitive-interpersonal domain, individuals deploy skills in activities from communication, interaction, or building and maintaining relationships, to negotiation and resolving conflicts." Acquisition of these skills is complex, and if they are not learned at an early age, requires a conscious desire to grow emotionally and mentally. The following plan would involve group problem solving with several participants. It is adapted from the program defined in "Efficacy of a Problem-Solving Therapy for Depression and Suicide Potential in Adolescents and Young Adults." The goal is to focus on positive solutions, and to focus on solving one specific, problem with an attainable, reasonable solution.

Session 1: De-nition of problems: The rationale behind the problem-solving treatment is explained to the participants. Then the therapist and the patient work together to de-ne the problem -- in this case, alcohol dependence or problems that develop as a result of the dependence. The next step is to identify emotional problems. Then the therapists relate emotional symptoms to problems and de-ne the problems in behavioral terms.

Session 2: Goal setting: In this session, the task is to set goals. Goals are set in collaboration. These goals should be attainable, objective and realistic. The strengths and resources of the patient are then identified.

Session 3: Brainstorming solutions: At this session the participants brainstorm to collaboratively define solutions to deal with their addiction. The facilitators encourage participants to use each other as resources in order to generate more alternative solutions. The facilitators instruct the participants to be non-judgemental during the brainstorming process so that participants can feel free to express any ideas that come to mind.

Session 4: Decision making: During this session, participants will choose the best solution to the problem. Facilitators will instruct participants to choose a solution that they know they can employ realistically. The best solution should be applicable by the patient and should reach the goal set during the second session.

Session 5: Putting the solution plan into action: In this stage, the participant describes the specific steps she will take to put the solution into action. The facilitator uses role-playing to help the participants gain the skills they need to follow the plan.

Session 6: Assessment: During this session, participants discuss their success or…

Sources Used in Document:

Works Cited

Bell, A.C., & D'Zurilla, T.J. (2009). The Influence of Social Problem-Solving Ability on the Relationship Between Daily Stress and Adjustment. Cognitive THerapy and Research, 439-448.

Eskin, M., Ertekin, K., & Demir, H. (2008). Efficacy of a problem-solving therapy for depression and suicide in adolescents and young adults. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 227-245.

Lipshitz, R., Levy, D.L., & Orchen, K. (2006). Is this problem likely to be solved? A cognitive schema of effective problem-solving . Thinking and Reasoning, 413-430.

McGuire, J. (2001). What is problem solving? A review of theory, research and applications. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 210-236.

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