Contemporary Challenges for the Criminal Justice Administrator Research Paper

Excerpt from Research Paper :

Police Administrators

Modern Situational Policing Philosophy and Operational Methodology:

Operational methodology in modern police administration ranges from the no- tolerance approach end of the spectrum to the community policing end of the spectrum.

Instituting the right operational methodology requires the flexibility to adapt to the local environment and the procedural mechanisms to evaluate successes and failures. Both systems have their advantages where conditions are conducive to their methods; neither works particularly well where it is reflects only administrative decisions without careful consideration of the operational environment (Nolan et al. 2005).

Generally, the no tolerance approach is a function of the so-called "broken windows" theory, according to which seemingly minor issues such as the lowest level violations and the cosmetic deterioration of physical property correspond to increased crimes of more serious nature (Ellison 2006). The idea of no tolerance means mandatory enforcement of quality-of-life violations such as loitering, leash law infractions, drinking alcohol in public view, and noisy radios as a means of deterring more serious crime. In theory, enforcing minor violations through active police presence and maintaining the physical integrity of property and infrastructure reduce more serious crime by deterrence and by the suggested inference of municipal attention to even the smallest details (Ellison 2006).

Whereas no tolerance policing works best in certain types of high-crime areas, situational policing studies indicate that lower crime neighborhoods, particularly those in middle class communities with high levels of community involvement and positive relations between the community and local police agencies benefit much more from community policing strategies (Ellison 2006). Community policing focuses less on code enforcement and more on establishing cooperative mechanisms between the police and the community that enable community organizations to augment police efforts to address crime and maintain public safety (Duff 2006).

Modern Technology and Police Administration Issues:

Like other elements of modern society, police administration has also been changed significantly by virtue of the continued development of technological progress.

The first generations of police officers patrolled their sectors on foot without the benefit of radio contact with their fellow officers and even after radio motor patrol (RMP) vehicles became widely available by the middle of the 20th century, subsequent generations of police officers and criminal investigators had few technological or forensic tools, such as Internet access to nationwide criminal information databases, computerized fingerprint recognition systems, and DNA analysis that are now considered standard equipment even in small police agencies.

In addition to tactical police equipment and investigative tools employed by police officers in the field, modern technology also imposes administrative changes…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Duff, H.W. Concerned Reliable Citizens' Program. Federal Bureau of Investigation Law Enforcement Journal. Vol. 75 No. 8 (Aug/06).

Ellison, J. Community Policing: Implementation Issues. Federal Bureau of Investigation Law Enforcement Journal. Vol. 75 No. 4 (Apr/06).

Hodges, K. Tracking "Bad Guys": Legal Considerations in Using GPS. Federal Bureau of Investigation Law Enforcement Journal. Vol. 76 No. 7 (Jul/07).

Nagosky, D.P. The Admissibility of Digital Photographs in Criminal Cases. Federal Bureau of Investigation Law Enforcement Journal. Vol. 74 No.12 (Dec/05).

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