Craig, M.E., Hattersley, A., & Donaghue, K.C. (2009). Definition, epidemiology and classification of diabetes in children and adolescents. Pediatric Diabetes, 10(s12), 3-12.
This article is a chapter in the ISPAD Clinical Practice Consensus Guidelines 2009 Compendium. The complete set of guidelines can be found at www.ispad.org. The evidence grading system used in the ISPAD Guidelines is the same as that used by the American Diabetes Association. See page 2 (the Introduction in Pediatric Diabetes 2009; 10 (Suppl. 12): 1 -- 2).
Delamater, A.M., Patino-Fernandez, A.M., Smith, K.E., & Bubb, J. (2013). Measurement of diabetes stress in older children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Pediatric Diabetes, 14(1), 50-56.
Abstract: Objective: Studies indicate general psychological stress plays a role in the glycemic control of individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Disease-specific rather than general measures may be more closely related to measures of health outcomes. Therefore, measurement of diabetes-related stress is needed to advance knowledge of significant relationships between stress and glycemic control. The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a measure of diabetes-related stress for youth with T1DM. Research design and methods: A 65-item diabetes stress questionnaire for youths (DSQY) was previously developed for use with older children and adolescents. The DSQY was completed by 417 youths with T1DM and the results were analyzed to determine the factor...
Results: A factor analysis of the DSQY yielded an eight-factor solution with acceptable internal consistencies. Significant relationships were observed between glycemic control and stress related to parents and dietary issues. While age and socioeconomic status were unrelated with DSQY scores, higher stress was associated with longer diabetes duration, female gender, and racial/ethnic minority status. Conclusions: The DSQY is a reliable and valid measure for assessment of diabetes-specific stress in youths with T1DM.
Kalyva, E., Malakonaki, E., Eiser, C., & Mamoulakis, D. (2010). Health-related quality of life
(HRQoL) of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM): self and parental perceptions. Pediatric Diabetes, 12, 34-40.
Abstract: The aim of the study was to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in Greece compared with healthy controls and to identify the effect of age, gender, age of onset of disease, and metabolic control on perceptions of HRQoL. A total of…
Diabetes and Pediatric and Dialysis The objective of this study is to analyze the incidence of diabetes among pediatric patients, with dialysis, by way of analysis of outcomes one year following diagnosis. Initiatives concerned with investigating pediatric diabetes have previously been associated with varying outcomes. What factors are linked with diabetes, pediatric patients, and dialysis with regards to Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) determinants? This forms the groundwork of the paper. Protection of Human Participants
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The presence of cardiac enzymes in the blood often indicates myocardial necrosis. Medical experts generally view MI as one among acute coronary syndromes. Unstable angina and non-ST-elevation MI are among the syndromes. Statistics said that approximately 1.5 million cases come up each year. MI is a cardiovascular condition. About 12 million deaths worldwide each year are attributed to cardiovascular diseases as cause, according to the World Health Organization. These
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