Discrimination and Its Impact Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Discrimination and Prejudice Affects Families

Discrimination is basically defined as the unfair or prejudicial treatment of various kinds of people or things, particularly on the basis of age, race, sex or ethnicity. In contrast, prejudice can be described as a preconceived opinion about a person or a group of people that is not based on experience or research. Discrimination and prejudice occur in various societies as various groups of people are wrong preconceived opinions and unfair treatment that is fueled by various factors. Some of the most common factors that generate discrimination and prejudice include cultural differences, religious differences, socio-economic differences, racial differences, differences in sexual orientation and preferences, and differences in nationality. As a result of its spread, discrimination and prejudice continues to have considerable impacts on families and child rearing practices, which necessitate the development of measures to address it.

How Discrimination Affects Families

Generally, the effect of discrimination varies among different people and the reason for the unfair treatment. However, discrimination continues to have tremendous impacts on families because of its prevalence in the society. One of the major impacts of discrimination on families is on family relationship qualities. According to the findings of research, individuals who experience discrimination risk developing poor psychological well-being (Riina & McHale, 2010, p.290). The poor psychological well-being affects the ability of these people to participate and function effectively in the family and other places in society. This in turn affects family relationship qualities because of the link between discrimination and dimensions of family relationships and interactions.

The second impact of discrimination on families is the emergence of a socio-cultural stressor that affects the kind of support that individual members give to the family. The emergence of a socio-cultural stressor is attributed to the fact that discrimination is a stressor beyond a person's control. This stressor affects the kind of support and affection family members give to one another by generating self-reliant and aggressive behaviors. Moreover, the socio-cultural stressor due to discrimination generates increased frustrations and negative arousal that extends interactions among family members. The third impact of discrimination on families is social isolation since the unfair treatment creates a perception that family members have no voice and lack status in the society. Social isolation is also fueled by feelings of low self-esteem, lack of power and choices, stigmatization, and judgments from others (Davies, 2008).

Example of Discrimination and Impact on Parenting

Despite numerous initiatives to promote diversity and address racial discrimination, discrimination on the basis of race is still prevalent in the society. African-Americans are the most vulnerable group of people that are subjected to discrimination because of the color of their skin.…

Sources Used in Document:


Ambrosino, R., Heffernan, J., Shuttlesworth, G. & Ambrosino, R. (2011). Brooks/Cole

empowerment series: social work and social welfare: an introduction (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.

Davies, M. (2008, November). Eradicating Child Poverty: The Role of Key Policy Areas.

Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.jrf.org.uk/sites/files/jrf/2271-poverty-exclusion-discrimination.pdf

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