¶ … predict anabolic steroids on the controversial forefront of drugs that enhance performance. Halfway through the period, no attempt has been met from the governing bodies of sports towards the control of its use. It is only recent that North America's major governing bodies of sport came to an agreement of punishing and banning anabolic-steroids involved athletes from participating in any competition. The strict punitive measures have a primary development concern of promoting fair play and doing away with nagging health risks that are associates to androgenic-anabolic steroids. However, controversy is still in play as to whether the use of anabolic steroids is deterred by these programs in question (Hoffman & Ratamess, 2006).
The steroids, Anabolic-androgenic, are a derivation of the male sex hormone; testosterone, that is man-made. Physiologically speaking, an increase in the concentration of testosterone will stimulate the synthesis of protein with effective results in strength, body mass, and muscle size (Bhasin et al., 1996; 2001). Additionally, the testosterones together with its synthetic derivatives are the sole cause of maturation and development of the secondary male sexual characteristics (i.e. body hair increase, masculinity in the voice, libido,...
The reason behind the concept of stacking is to elevate each drug's potency. Majority of the users will consume the anabolic steroids in a pattern-like cycle, which is to imply that the athletes will administer the drugs for a couple of weeks or even months to an alternate cycle change of discontinued use under the same window period. The drug administration pattern by the athletes is in form of a pyramid followed by a steady dosage increase for a couple of weeks (Hoffman & Ratamess, 2006).
An approach towards the termination of the cycle leads to a 'step-down' by the athlete in order to cope with the negative side effects and its probable likelihood. It is the point where a number of athletes will discontinue their drug use pattern and even perhaps start a different drug cycle. A recent study has pointed out the involvement of 3.1 agents in the typical steroid regimen under a known cycle ranging from 5 to 10 weeks (Perry et al., 2005). The variation in the administered dosage by the athlete was a reported variation of 5 to 29 times more than the alternate physiological dosages (Perry et al., 2005). The higher dosages of pharmacology are a necessary embrace towards the elicitation of the desired gains by the athletes (Hoffman & Ratamess, 2006).
Anabolic steroid abuse
AASs (Anabolic Androgenic Steroids) are substances under control in a number of countries with inclusion to the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, and Australia. Moreover, their availability is readily accessible in sports club, black market, and via the Internet (Kicman, 2008). The United States is marketed…
Drug Abuse The findings of National Center at Columbia University on Addiction and Substance Abuse are that the entire American children population resides with an adult or parent who uses illegal drugs or is involved in heavy consumption of alcohol. When one of the family members is involved in drug abuse, their families always tend to be ruined and might even have harsh consequences on members of the household, particularly children. Family
Drug Abuse Drug and substance abuse is one of the most serious dilemmas in the world today. One aspect of the issue is the growing number of teenage drug users and the increasing incidents of prescription drug abuse. According to the statistics of the National Institute on Drug Abuse prescription drugs misuse is far greater than the abuse of narcotics. Among teenagers alone, accepted cases of drug use increased from 27
Drug Abuse Affects Families • Analyze the issues related to the affects of drug abuse on families Families are affected by the addictions of the young people in the family in more than one way. Adolescence is the time when most people become addicts. The young person is more prone to take to intoxicant abuse. Adolescents begin experiments with drugs and alcohol. This usually is in the age group of 15 to
Drug abuse is a menace in the modern world. The action of over using drugs or inappropriate application of substance wipes both old and young generations within the society. Drug abuse involves excessive use of substances such as alcohol, cigarette, heroine, and cocaine among other drugs. Excessive consumption of these drugs leads to addiction. This refers to the state in which an individual is in constant need of the substance.
Drug abuse of both legal and illegal substances has a devastatingly negative impact on American society as a whole. Definition of Drug Abuse Legal Drugs Illegal Drugs Prevalence of Drug Use Impact of Drug Use Financial Costs Impact in the Workplace Costs of Incarceration Health-Related Issues Homelessness Lost Potential Family Life Pregnancy and Health of Children Death Alcohol and Traffic-Related Injuries Initiatives to Combat Drug Use Legalization and Decriminalization Prevention Drug abuse of both legal and illegal substances has a devastatingly negative impact on American society as a whole.
This despite how much money is being wasted on "the war on drugs." Making "war" militarily on a medical/social problem makes no sense. In addition to the psychological problems of individuals, social conditions contribute greatly to the problem. People who are alienated from society become addicted to drugs, as Sen. Robert Kennedy pointed out back in 1965. Solving the drug problem means "solving poverty and broken homes, racial discrimination