SOS 492 WA 3 social sciences
What are the education trends of women in the United States?
One of the most surprising and significant recent trends in higher education in the United States is that women now make up a larger percentage of college students and graduates than men; once upon a time there were jokes that women merely went to college to obtain their 'MRS.' Today, that could not be farther from the truth. "Both men and women complete more schooling now than in the past, but beginning in the mid-1980s, women's college completion rates began to surpass men's in the United States" (Schwartz & Han 2014: 605). There is increasing evidence that women regard education as critical for personal advancement and economic stability. "Among whites in 2006, women obtain 57% of bachelor's degrees while among Blacks, women receiving bachelor's degrees made up 66% of college graduates. The Hispanic population was also in that range, as 61% of Hispanic college graduates were women" (Wilson 2013). However, although women are graduating at higher rates than their male colleagues, they still lag behind men with college degrees in terms of their earning power.
Due to the racial disparities in these statistics, a number of public figures, including President Obama, have specifically targeted young black men as in need of assistance with the process of navigating high school and college. But "the growing gender gap in college enrollment is not limited to Hispanic and black youth. In 1994, among high school graduates, 62% of young white men and 66% of young white women were enrolled in college immediately after graduation -- a four percentage point gender gap. In 2012, that gap had grown to 10 percentage points as the share of young white women enrolled in college grew to 72% while the rate for men remained the same" (Lopez & Barrea 2014). Although the gender gap is magnified within certain racial groups (and is less manifest amongst Asian-Americans) its persistence holds true across Caucasian, Black, and Latino demographics, all of which have very different educational histories within the computer science have become more prestigious, fewer rather than more women emerge with degrees in these areas. Today, "only 18% of computer science graduates in the United States are women, down from 37% in 1985" (Miller 2014). Some colleges have specifically targeted women as recruits in their computer science and engineering programs, including the University of Washington, Harvey Mudd, and Carnegie Mellon University where "40% of incoming freshmen to the School of Computer Science are women" (Miller 2014). The most successful programs at recruiting women made a commitment to changing the curriculum, often emphasizing creative problem-solving vs. pure coding (Miller 2014).
There is an inconsistent trend in women's economic advancement: on the whole more women are earning college degrees, suggesting a kind of a need for 'affirmative action' in reverse for males, yet in high-income fields which would truly allow women to break the glass ceiling, women have yet to attain parity except in programs which have made specific commitments to recruit women. The lack of preparation for lucrative jobs may be one of the reasons that women have yet to attain income equity with their male peers in most major industrialized countries, even when they possess the same level of education "women ages 30 -- 44 had earnings which ranged from about 49 to 76% of those of males" (Bae et al. 2000: 94).
During elementary school, girls are notably stronger than boys across all subject levels and are also less likely to exhibit symptoms of learning disabilities. "Evidence suggests that girls…
To ensure Allende never came to power, before resorting to "jackals," the United States, through the CIA, spend three million dollars campaigning against him, mostly through radio and print social marketing. Allende had a warm relationship with Cuba and had openly criticized the invasion of the Bay of Pigs. This all was in line with the earlier outlined U.S. policy which invoked control of Latin American countries as key to
The advent of World War II saw and end of the period of economic turmoil and massive unemployment known as the Great Depression, and thus was a time of increased opportunity for many of the nation's citizens and immigrants, but the experiences of some groups during and following the war were far less positive than others. Some of this was due to the different histories that different immigrant groups
In this case there are differences due to the income level of the person who is replying. The Americans who are making more than $34,000 a year generally say that the persons getting aid from welfare could manage their own lives without help from the government if they really tried, while the replies from the lower income groups feel that they could not manage. This continues on in the opinion
Women The sphere of women's work had been strictly confined to the domestic realm, prior to the Industrial Revolution. Social isolation, financial dependence, and political disenfranchisement characterized the female experience prior to the twentieth century. The suffrage movement was certainly the first sign of the dismantling of the institutionalization of patriarchy, followed by universal access to education, and finally, the civil rights movement. Opportunities for women have gradually unfolded since the
U.S. Drinking Age stay at 21 or be lowered to 18? The 26th amendment, on July 1, 1971 was passed which dropped the least age to vote from twenty one to eighteen years old (Madison, 2006). Soon after the amendment was approved twenty nine states all over the nation began bringing down their drinking age from 21 to 18 years of age. This new freedom for young adults did not
U.S., the organization discussed below has increasingly been interacting with businesses in other cultures. In fact, the company is seriously pursuing a joint venture in Asia to expand its production. This means that the human resources manager will be responsible for a more diverse employee population. How does she feel she must prepare for this change in her position? She realizes that globalization has made the human resources position