Ergonomics & Dental Hygiene The Term Paper

Length: 4 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Healthcare Type: Term Paper Paper: #4365801 Related Topics: Hand Hygiene, Hygiene, Dental, Osteoarthritis
Excerpt from Term Paper :

They found that 99% of licensed hygienists reported having experienced pain or discomfort while treating patients! The hygienists reported pain in the neck and shoulder region, hands, fingers, and lower back. Nelson & Jevack (2001) concluded, "Due to the number of students and licensed dental hygienists who experience pain...proper ergonomics should be enforced in dental hygiene education for future physical wellness and career longevity among dental hygienists" (p. 119).

The researchers (Nelson & Jevack, 2001) suggest -- as others have -- that instruments be redesigned, but also, the working environment needs to be improved for "better adjustments on patient chairs such as adequate height and tilt adjustments, operator stools with support for arms, adequate work breaks, proper lighting angles, space for legs under the patient chair, early medical intervention for symptoms, and angled instruments to reduce wrist flexion" (p. 119). Michalak-Turcotte (2000) recommends that an ergonomic plan be developed for each practitioner. She states, "The objective of an ergonomic program is to fit the job to the worker, rather than the worker to the work" (p. 41). Therefore, each hygienist needs a plan that is specifically suited to him/her and which includes attention to temperature, lighting, nose, equipment design, and workstation design. Due to the repetitive nature of their work, they are at a higher risk for lower back, neck, shoulder, hand, and wrist pain than other health care occupations. This makes it imperative that ergonomic plans be developed and implemented.

Michalak-Turcotte (2000) points out the practice of dental hygiene varies from person to person. Each will have different equipment and instruments requiring different maintenance, different policies about scheduling patients, varying length of appointments, etc. In other words, every practitioner has a different stress level. They suggest alternating patients so that heavy calculus patients don't come in consecutively and planning ways to reduce stress. They point out that dental hygienists usually work sitting down while the patient is usually in a supine position. The hygienist...

...

Using a mouth mirror properly can eliminate much of this awkward positioning. Magnification can also enhance the hygienist's visualization. Instruments should be light-weight with hollow handles that are large in diameter and balanced. The hygienist should stretch his or her hand prior to getting a different instrument. Dull instruments require more force, so keep them sharpened (Michalak-Turcotte, 2000). Ill-fitting or poorly designed gloves are suspect as a potential contributor to disorders because more pressure in the fingers may be required; thus, good-fitting, well-designed gloves are essential (Liskiewicz & Kerschbaum, 1997). Because proper posture is the most effective strategy for maintenance of musculoskeletal health, the operator chair should be carefully chosen for appropriate, ergonomically correct posture. It is arguably the most important piece of equipment in the dental office if it prevents fatigue and work-related injuries. The seat should tilt for a comfortable pelvic angle, the seat's depth should accommodate leg length, and the chair should have an adjustable armrest to stabilize the operator's arm. It should have specially designed elbow and wrist supports. The patient chair should have operator arm supports that attach to the backrest. In addition, stretching exercises are helpful as well as practicing relaxation techniques. When dental hygienists are fully aware of work related injuries common in the dental office, they will be more likely to choose to practice ergonomic techniques that promote musculoskeletal health.

References

Liskiewicz, T. And Kerschbaum, W.E. (1997). Cumulative trauma disorders: An ergonomic approach for prevention. Journal of Dental Hygiene, 71 (4), 162-168.

Michalak-Turcotte, C. (2000). Controlling dental hygiene work-related musculoskeletal disorders: The ergonomic process. Journal of Dental Hygiene, 74 (1), 41-58.

Nelson, J.O. And Jevack, J.E. (2001). Experiencing pain due to incorrect body positioning. Journal of Dental Hygiene, 75 (1), 90-129. Retrieved 15 February 2007 from Expanded Academic ASAP database.

Syme, S.E., Fried, J.L. And Strassier, H.E. (1997). Enhanced visualization using magnification systems. Journal of Dental Hygiene, 71 (5), 202-207.

Simmer-Beck, M., Bray,…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Liskiewicz, T. And Kerschbaum, W.E. (1997). Cumulative trauma disorders: An ergonomic approach for prevention. Journal of Dental Hygiene, 71 (4), 162-168.

Michalak-Turcotte, C. (2000). Controlling dental hygiene work-related musculoskeletal disorders: The ergonomic process. Journal of Dental Hygiene, 74 (1), 41-58.

Nelson, J.O. And Jevack, J.E. (2001). Experiencing pain due to incorrect body positioning. Journal of Dental Hygiene, 75 (1), 90-129. Retrieved 15 February 2007 from Expanded Academic ASAP database.

Syme, S.E., Fried, J.L. And Strassier, H.E. (1997). Enhanced visualization using magnification systems. Journal of Dental Hygiene, 71 (5), 202-207.


Cite this Document:

"Ergonomics & Dental Hygiene The" (2007, February 20) Retrieved June 25, 2021, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/ergonomics-amp-dental-hygiene-the-39919

"Ergonomics & Dental Hygiene The" 20 February 2007. Web.25 June. 2021. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/ergonomics-amp-dental-hygiene-the-39919>

"Ergonomics & Dental Hygiene The", 20 February 2007, Accessed.25 June. 2021,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/ergonomics-amp-dental-hygiene-the-39919

Related Documents
Ergonomics or Human Factors Is the Scientific
Words: 986 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Careers Paper #: 91573065

Ergonomics or human factors is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of relations among humans and other elements of a system, and the profession that applies theory, principles, data and methods to design in order to optimize human comfort and overall system performance. Ergonomists add to the design and assessment of tasks, jobs, products, environments and systems in order to make them attuned with the needs, abilities and limitations

Ergonomics the Relation of Ergonomics and Anthropometric
Words: 359 Length: 1 Pages Topic: Healthcare Paper #: 83779661

Ergonomics The relation of Ergonomics and Anthropometric Methods & Health Care setting design Four (4) Main Parts of Research Methods and Design in Ergonomics: Research relationship with people's study (theory and hypothesis) Site selection and sampling decisions (setting and population) Data collection methods (survey, measurements) Data analysis types and techniques (statistical analyses) Three (3) different research methods Descriptive Can be qualitative or quantitative Descriptive statistics tell "what is," Different from using inferential statistic Pure fact, no relationships between cause, effect Assess magnitude or

Lesson Plan Amp; Reflection I Didn't Know
Words: 857 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 69943856

Lesson Plan Amp; Reflection I didn't know what state you are in so was unable to do state/district standards! Lesson Plan Age/Grade Range; Developmental Level(s): 7-8/2nd Grade; Below grade level Anticipated Lesson Duration: 45 Minutes Lesson Foundations Pre-assessment (including cognitive and noncognitive measures): All students are reading below grade level (5-7 months) as measured by standardized assessments and teacher observation Curricular Focus, Theme, or Subject Area: Reading: Fluency, word recognition, and comprehension State/District Standards: Learning Objectives: Students will develop

Branding New Service Dominant Logic
Words: 12522 Length: 50 Pages Topic: Business - Advertising Paper #: 77038722

Branding in Service Markets Amp Aim And Objectives Themes for AMP Characteristics Composing Branding Concept Branding Evolution S-D Logic and Service Markets Branding Challenges in Service Markets Considerations for Effective Service Branding Categories and Themes Branding Theory Evolution S-D Logic and Service Markets Branding Challenges in Service Markets Considerations for Effective Service Branding Branding Concept Characteristics Characteristics Composing Branding Concept Sampling of Studies Reviewed Evolution of Branding Theory Evolution of Marketing Service-Brand-Relationship-Value Triangle Brand Identity, Position & Image Just as marketing increasingly influences most aspects of the consumer's lives, brands

Dental Case Study
Words: 991 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Health - Nursing Paper #: 27375344

Dental Case Study The patient in the case that is presented is a Latino male just over 13 years old. He has sickle cell anemia, and suffers from an intellectual disability. This paper reviews the case study from a dental health perspective. What is sickle cell anemia? The genesis of this disease is found within the abnormal hemoglobin in the blood stream; the red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body

Dental Amalgam
Words: 2014 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Healthcare Paper #: 84936617

Dental Amalgam: The Risks and Alternatives Some of the most common dental restorative materials currently in use are dental amalgams, but these compounds contain approximately 50% mercury making their use controversial, particularly with young children who may be harmed by long-term exposure. Although there are some viable composite resin alternatives available, dental amalgams with mercury remain the treatment of choice for many practitioners. To determine the current risks and potential alternatives