Erroneous Thinking Behind Genetic Discrimination Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

Newspaper Opinion Editorial

With advances in genetic studies, Canadians can learn if they are at risk of developing devastating diseases -- and so can their insurance companies. Genetic discrimination is growing as an increasing number of people are opting for genetic tests, including people at risk of developing Huntington's disease, a degenerative brain disorder that cannot presently be cured or slowed. Children of parents with Huntington's disease have a 50% chance of developing the disorder, and genetic testing can narrow the probability ratio even further.

Genetic discrimination is unfair and the result of faulty, speculative thinking. Genetic discrimination is misleading also misleading as it is based on probability prediction, which can be absolutely incorrect. Genetic discrimination is defined as "the differential treatment of asymptomatic individuals or their relatives on the basis of their real or assumed genetic characteristics. Consider that for many individuals whose parents do have Huntington's disease, only 50% will develop the disorder. The other 50% are no more likely to develop the disease than anyone else in the general population, yet this group of people frequently suffers from discrimination that has no actual basis in their physiology.

A recent study by the University of British Columbia surveyed 167 people who are at risk of developing Huntington's disease, and had been tested for the mutation, and 66 people who were at risk but had decided not to undergo the genetic test. Of those people who participated in genetic testing, 83 had the genetic mutation and 84 did not. Forty percent of the survey respondents reporting having experienced discrimination even though they had no symptoms, and these individual said that the basis for this unfair treatment was because of family history of Huntington's disease, not genetic testing.

A number of the individuals with the genetic mutation experienced discrimination in insurance settings, and with their family regarding relationships and their choices to have children of their own. Of this group, 29. 2% experienced discrimination in their efforts to obtain life insurance, mortgage insurance, and disability insurance. Discrimination came from both insurance companies and agents in the form of premium increases, outright rejection of applications for insurance, and requests to undergo a predictive test. To a lesser degree, people at risk of developing Huntington's disease experienced discrimination in employment, healthcare, or public services such as adoption or the courts.

How do insurance companies and employers gain access to genetic information from applicants and candidates? They simply ask for it. As of this writing, current insurance law permits insurance companies to require and use health information -- and to use it without transparency -- to manage the company's risk. Insurance companies can ask applicants to divulge their medical and health information -- including family history and genetic testing information…

Sources Used in Document:

Sources:

Ethical Issues in Genetic Testing. (2008, June). Number 410. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists [Web]. Retrieved http://www.acog.org/

Resources%20And%20Publications/Committee%20Opinios/Committee%20on%20Ethics/Ethical%20Issues%20in%20Genetic%20Testing.aspx

CTV.ca News Staff (2009, June 9). Some Canadians suffering 'genetic discrimination.' Bell Media. Retrieved http://www.ctvnews.ca/some-canadians-suffering-genetic-discrimination-1.406308

Lapman, E.V., Kozma, C. And Weiss, J. (1996, October 25). Science, 274. Genetic discrimination: Perspectives of consumers.

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