Muslim scholars agree that Allah has created a diverse and distinct world (Cole-Turner, 2001). Human cloning revolves around the duplication of same genes and thus, this would have a negative impact on the diversity of creation. Furthermore, Muslim scholars question that if human cloning is allowed, then how the clone would be treated? What would be the ethical, social and moral value of the clone? Furthermore, human cloning is forbidden in Islam because it interferes with the pattern of creating things in pairs, as Allah said in His Qur'an "And of everything we have created pairs, that ye may receive instruction." (Az-Zariyat: 49)" (Kass, 2002).
In Islam, cloning is opposite of this principle as it is dependent on one gender only. However, it should be noted that Islam permits cloning of particular organ, which would be used for curative procedures only. For instance, a cloned kidney can be used for an individual, whose both kidneys have failed. In this regard, Muslim scholars agree that cloning a particular part can be used to save the life of a patient.
Human Cloning and the World
If human cloning is allowed, then the entire face of humanity would change. Firstly, cloning would allow same sex couples to have children, who would have similar genes. Cloning can allow human beings to alter and modify genes. Parents would have in their hands to select desirable attributes and genes, which they would want in their children (Brannigan, 2001). Human cloning can also assist in replacing injured organs or tissues. From research, it is evident that it can also assist in curing fatal diseases such as cancer, heart disease, brain disease, etc. A New York University professor, Jacob M. Appel, asserted that human cloning can change the face of humanity. He suggested that human cloned children can provide bone marrow to their siblings suffering from blood cancer and thus they would be seen as heroes (Jeffery, 2008, Bonnicksen, 2002). In terms of reproduction, human cloning can change the face of humanity. Researchers and scientists assert that reproductive cloning would be beneficial in developing new techniques for achieving fertility. Furthermore, they assert that cloning would assist infertile couples to have their own babies. There is also a possibility that human cloning can stop and control the process of aging.
Although human cloning is appealing, it can have a negative impact on society. Firstly, human cloning concentrates on removing the flaws of society and concentrated on perfection. In the future, human cloning would change the face of humanity as human beings would be playing the role of God. In the call for perfect society, individuals with defects would be removed from the face of society (Wilmut & Highfield, 2006). It should also be noted that a cloned embryo is vulnerable. The process of cloning promotes loss. It should be noted that during the creation of Dolly, the sheep, 200 dead and still born sheep were used to create embryos. A total of nineteen embryos were healthy and only five of them survived (Wilmut & Highfield, 2006). This indicates that a cloned embryo is vulnerable to genetic defects and the chances of its survival are low. Research also suggests that human cloning is not safe for human reproduction because of hidden genetic defects found in animal clones" (Wilmut & Highfield, 2006). This could critically challenge the arguments in favour of human reproduction cloning.
This paper concentrated on analysing the ethics of human cloning. Human cloning concentrates on the development of an identical human copy having the same gene. Islam condemns human cloning and calls it an unethical practice.
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