What Victor is saying is that in order to create a living being from the dead, he must haunt the graveyards like a human ghoul and experiment on live animals to "animate" "lifeless clay," being the deceased remains of human beings. From this admission, it is abundantly obvious that Victor, like Prometheus, sees "clay" as the foundation for creation, a substance which is part of the earth itself and which allows skilled hands to mold it into any shape or form desired. Oh, praise the eternal justice of man!" (Shelley, 74) and his philosophical metaphor "Of what a strange nature is knowledge! It clings to the mind, when it has once seized on it, like a lichen on the rock" (Shelley, 87). Moreover, the Creature is an "heroic sufferer," due to being able to withstand the hatred of all men. He is the ultimate outcast from human society, a pariah who if not given justice will "glut the maw of death until it be satiated with the blood" of mankind. Also like Prometheus, the Creature possesses an "inflexible mind," especially in relation to his demand that Victor create a female companion for him, "with whom I can love in the interchange of those sympathies necessary for my being" (Shelley, 103).
In Chapter Five of Frankenstein, "on a dreary night of November," Victor describes "the accomplishment of my toils" while surrounded by "the instruments of life." This is the pivotal creation scene in the novel which some scholars have mentioned as having "not enough substance related to exactly how Victor created his monster" (Smith, 256). In this setting, Victor, full of anxiety and fearful of the unknown, attempts to figure out how "I might infuse a spark of being into the lifeless thing that lay before my feet." Certainly, the use of electricity in the form of galvanic batteries was his only option, and at "one in the morning" by the "glimmer of half-extinguished light," Victor observes "the dull yellow eye of the creature open" amid heavy breathing and much movement of its "agitated" limbs (Shelley, 45).
Once again, we can sense of presence of Prometheus as he breathes life into the lifeless clay of the earth which lies before his feet. Incidentally, Victor describes his newly-risen Creature as having yellow skin, black hair and lips and pearly-white teeth, colors which are most closely associated with the earth, such as in yellow ocher clay used for modeling purposes by sculptors. In addition, this creation scenario is replete with regeneration, meaning that the Creature, composed of dead body parts from the graveyard, is much like the liver/heart of Prometheus which regenerates itself on a daily basis so that the eagle can feed on it as Prometheus lies bounded to the rock.
As described by the playwright Aeschylus, Prometheus was an "immortal god," an "omniscient seer," and a "heroic sufferer" and possessed an "inflexible mind," traits which are certainly present in the form of the Creature, whom Victor sees as a "devil" and a "daemon." For example, in Chapter 10 of Frankenstein, upon their first meeting in the "cold gale of the mountains," the Creature states that he is "miserable beyond all living things" and relates "Have I not suffered enough that you seek to increase my misery?" (Shelley, 73). In this scene, the reader is inundated with much discussion that borders on some type of romantic treatise written by Lord Byron or Percy Shelley. For instance, the Creature tells Victor "Remember, that I am thy creature; I ought to be thy Adam, but I am rather the fallen angel whom thou drivest from joy for no misdeed...I was benevolent and good; misery made me a fiend" (Shelley, 74).
Without a doubt, the Creature is an "immortal god," for he cannot die a mortal ...
In the conclusion of Frankenstein, the unholy Creature bids farewell to the cruel world in which Victor, now dead, has placed him. At this point in the tale, the Creature is inside Captain Walton's ship, bound in the ice of the harsh arctic. Just before he leaps from a cabin window and climbs upon an ice raft "which lay close to the vessel," the Creature declares "I shall die... Soon these burning miseries will be extinct. I shall ascend the funeral pyre... And exult in the agony of the torturing flames... Farewell" (Shelley, 156). With this, the Creature perishes, or least thinks he will, in the "torturing flames" of the "funeral pyre" which will erase all of his "burning miseries." Notice that fire plays a major role in this scenario, the very fire that Prometheus stole from the Olympian gods and gave to mankind so that they could survive in the harsh wilderness of reality.
As Johanna M. Smith relates, in Mary Shelley's introduction to her revised Frankenstein of 1831, she "looked back on her own history... In order to answer a very frequently-asked question -- "How I, then a young girl, came to think of and to dilate upon, so very hideous an idea" as found in her novel (3). The answer has never been appropriately identified, yet it is possible that as Mary Shelley sat comfortably at Lord Byron's Diodati estate in Switzerland, her eyes may have fallen on an open copy of Percy Shelley's Prometheus Unbound which, in essence, sparked her imagination and set a fire burning within her soul to tell a tale that has come down to us in the 21st century as one of the greatest Gothic masterpieces of all time, thanks in part to the myth of Prometheus.
Prometheus." Theoi Project. Internet. 2007. Retrieved 21 April, 2007 at http://www.theoi.com/Titan/TitanPrometheus.html
Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein; or, the Modern Prometheus. Philadelphia, PA: Running
Smith, Johanna M., Ed. Mary Shelley: Frankenstein. 2nd ed. New…
Oh, praise the eternal justice of man!" (Shelley, 74) and his philosophical metaphor "Of what a strange nature is knowledge! It clings to the mind, when it has once seized on it, like a lichen on the rock" (Shelley, 87). Moreover, the Creature is an "heroic sufferer," due to being able to withstand the hatred of all men. He is the ultimate outcast from human society, a pariah who if not given justice will "glut the maw of death until it be satiated with the blood" of mankind. Also like Prometheus, the Creature possesses an "inflexible mind," especially in relation to his demand that Victor create a female companion for him, "with whom I can love in the interchange of those sympathies necessary for my being" (Shelley, 103).
Mary Shelley & Emily Dickinson Women's Roles Then and Now: A Dialogue between Mary Shelley and Emily Dickinson Mary and Emily are having an afternoon tea at Emily's Homestead garden. In the midst of enjoying the different flowering plants that Emily had planted in the garden, the women talked about and compared their lives way back in 19th century Western society and in the present time. MARY: I know I should not be
Frankenstein's creation of the monster is rendered as a kind of horrific pregnancy; for example, where a pregnant woman expands with the child she is bearing and usually eats more, Frankenstein wastes away during his work, depriving himself "of rest and health" (Shelley 43). Rather than expressing any kind of paternal (or maternal) love for his creation, Frankenstein recoils, as "breathless horror and disgust filled [his] heart" (Shelley 43).
Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, Charles Darwin, Origin of Species There are many themes which readers can discern in Mary Shelley's inestimable work of literature, Frankenstein. They include the virtues of humanity vs. The vices of monstrosity, the power and effect of family and "community" (Bentley 325), as well as the considerable ramifications of ambition and work. However, the prudent reader will perceive that the principle motif unifying all of these themes, and
Frankenstein An Analysis of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley wrote in her 1831 introduction to the reprint of Frankenstein that "supremely frightful would be the effect of any human endeavour to mock the stupendous mechanism of the Creator of the world" (x). These words not only indicate the manner of her thought on the night she conceived the idea for her gothic novel, they also reflect, as she notes, the ideas
However, he also chooses isolation in his desire to explore the North Pole. And yet, to Brannstrom, the character of Robert Walton balances Victor Frankenstein who deliberately chooses to isolate himself from society and the creature who longs to belong to society. According to Brannstrom, "Walton is someone who can strive for distinction but at the same time turn back when his actions might harm others." Tied to the theme
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin Shelley conceived her well-known novel, "Frankenstein," when she, her husband Percy Bysshe Shelley and their friends were at a house party near Geneva in 1816 and she was challenged to come up with a ghost story (Malchow 1993). Mary, then only 18 years old, produced the plot, largely drawn from her own experiences, perceptions and the personalities of the members of her family. These impressions