Philanthropy is at least as old as recorded human history and most likely began near the same time that humans began to organize into social groups. There are many charitable aspects to most organized religion. For example, Christ was recorded to have cured the ill and fed the hungry. However, philanthropy and charitable giving are not universally global phenomena across all countries and cultures and there are many factors that must be considered; in the U.S., they have origins in religion, in the idea of mutual assistance, in democratic principles of civic participation, in the acceptance of decentralized and varied approaches to problem solving, in individualism, and in limited government (Billiteri, N.d.).
As a result of the culmination of factors that can be used to underpin the historical foundations of philanthropy, each culture and civilization must be considered independently. In most cases there are cultural influences that affect how people and institutions aggregate, deploy, and discuss money and the notion of
... Thus with the establishment of a monetary economic system, there is a necessity for philanthropic acts for those who are unable to participate in the system to meet their basic needs. Many people take for granted that the economic system is a part of life, however there are alternative examples to be found.
Private and Public Foundations
Many people instinctively believe that there are distinct divisions between non-profits, and public and private philanthropic organizations. However, these divisions are probably less distinct than most people realize. For example, many contemporary observers have commented on the blurring of these sectors since nonprofits earn revenue, companies produce environmentally beneficial products, and the government invests in social innovation (Bernholz, 2012). Many of the activities that these institutions will do on a daily basis will appear identical even though they represent different types of organizations.
There are other ways in which the traditional lines are also being blurred. For instance, there are also commercial vendors of charitable giving products, nonprofit producers of some of the world's most widely used software products, and networks of mobile phone crisis responders who don't fit into any circle and the creation of new corporate forms for good…
Thus with the establishment of a monetary economic system, there is a necessity for philanthropic acts for those who are unable to participate in the system to meet their basic needs. Many people take for granted that the economic system is a part of life, however there are alternative examples to be found.
Private and Public Foundations
Alexander, D. (2011, May 16). Understanding How Money Works in Different Cultures. Retrieved from The Chronicle of Philanthropy: https://philanthropy.com/article/Understanding-How-Money-Works/196039
Bernholz, L. (2012). Public Good Politics. Retrieved from Stanford Social Innovation Review: http://www.ssireview.org/book_reviews/entry/philanthropy_in_america_a_history_olivier_zunz
Billiteri, T. (N.d.). A Brief History of Philanthropy in the United States. Retrieved from The East Bay Community Foundation: http://www.ebcf.org/brief-history-of-researching-philanthropy/
CDC. (2015, February 4). 2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa. Retrieved from CDC: http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/outbreaks/2014-west-africa/
Schearer, B. (1995, October 16). The Role of Philanthropy in International Development. Retrieved from Rockefeller Foundation: http://www.synergos.org/knowledge/95/philanthropyininternationaldevelopment.pdf
Human Development In order to learn about the development of males in their late teenage stage, between the ages seventeen and twenty, an eighteen-year-old male was interviewed. An individual of this age was chosen since it is believed as the age that acts as a transitory period between teenage and adulthood thus the developmental features are explicitly displayed at this age within the period targeted. The individual interviewed was a student
Human Development: Human beings develop from childhood into adulthood not only through the natural aging process, but equally important by an education process that extends right through their lifetime. Memorization forms an integral part of education as memory functioning determines our ability to receive, process, store and recall information for relevant use. The information processing approach includes the input processes concerned with stimuli analysis, the storage processes which entail all internal
Human Development: Hypothetical Case Study of Angela Wu Angela Wu, age sixteen, was referred to the guidance department of the high school after several of her teachers noted that she had seemed unusually "stressed out, even for Angela," after mid-term exam week. Later, it was noted that her academic performance on her midterms was notably weaker than it had been over the past several semesters at the high school. After mid-term
Human Development Erikson's "Eight Stages of Man" Erik Erikson was a student of Sigmund Freud's who developed a theory of personality development. According to Erikson, there are eight psychosocial stages in which the individual faces a crisis or developmental task (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010). If the individual successfully completes the developmental task, there is a positive outcome; if not, there is a negative outcome. The first stage, which is called trust vs.
This is expected in American culture, indeed, the fact that we speak of generations, as in Generation Y or Generation X, the Greatest Generation, indicates how it is normalized for children to ally with their peers in their social habits and attitudes. Perhaps the most profound difference between this generation and the past generation is the influence of new media upon children's development. The impact of high levels of violence
None of these countries are at the top or bottom of the scale of human development in the world today, though. Topping the list is Norway, which has a life expectancy of 81.1 years, 17.3 years of expected schooling for each individual, and an annual per-capita income of $47,557 (UNDP, 2012). The United States is ranked fourth in human development, with a per-capita income of $43,017 and a life expectancy