Human Encroachment On Animal Ecologies Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Literature - African Type: Essay Paper: #85813727 Related Topics: Ecology, Animals, Animal Research, Dogs
Excerpt from Essay :

Ethiopian Wolf Endangered

The author of this report is to research and answer questions related to the Ethiopian Wolf. Indeed the Ethiopian Wolf, otherwise known as canine simensis, is currently in endangered status according to the IUCN. This paper will discuss the ecological factors, animal behavior factors and the overall current status of the Ethiopian Wolf. While the Ethiopian Wolf is not yet extinct, it is certainly endangered at this time.

Questions Answered

When it comes to the ecology and behavior relating to the Ethiopian Wolf, there are a few factors that were described by Tallents et al. (2012) treatise on the subject. The author gave a few points in her work. First, she notes that human encroachment on Ethiopian Wolf territory increases a rather large amount for each single human that enters it. Indeed, she notes that each person leads to 1.18 kilometers less room for the Ethiopian Wolf and other species specific to an area. Further, wolves are very unwilling to share territory with another pack. As such, they will aggressively defend the areas that they do inhabit and human encroachment on said lands leads to some rather negative situations. Further, the breeding and gender issues surrounding the Ethiopian Wolf is influenced by the size, form and factors of its surrounding ecology. It goes so far as to affect the male/female ratios in an area that humans are entering and using. This has an obvious effect on the younger demographics of wolves including how many there are and the behavior they do or do not engage in. Even so, encroachment also affects other species and tends to make the prey in an area much more numerous. This is obviously a boon to the Ethiopian Wolves but there are tradeoffs to that happenstance coming to pass. In short, the three main factors that have to be taken into account are the size of the overall territory, the exclusive area that exists for a wolf pack, the amount of the area...

...

Even so, domesticated dogs and Ethiopian Wolves tend to eat different things. Indeed, domesticated dogs in the affected area (Ethiopia) typically eat barley husks and human feces while the Ethiopian Wolves feed on rodents in the area. Even if there is no competition between dogs and wolves and even if there are not a lot of (if any) attacks on humans, it must be recognized that wolves and humans should not be inhabiting the same area and it is humans that are encroaching on wolf areas more so than the other way around. That being said, since there is no direct competition between non-wild dogs and the Ethiopian Wolves (not to mention the people), there is not a direct threat to the Ethiopian Wolves at this point. One exception would be humans who do not like having the wolfs around and, thus, try to starve or kill them to get them to go away (Atickem, Bekele & Williams).

One factor that has and does hurt the Ethiopian Wolves is shifts in climate and ecology that are brought on by weather, precipitation amounts and so forth. For example, if weather events make the rats and other vermin scarce (that is their main diet, as mentioned above), then there will be a shift in behavior by the wolves to shift to nocturnal rats and even the livestock of the people in the area. Given that, it is not hard to see…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Atickem, A., A. Bekele, and S.D. Williams. 'Competition Between Domestic Dogs And

Ethiopian Wolf (Canis Simensis) In The Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia'.

African Journal of Ecology 48.2 (2009): 401-407. Web.

IUCN,. 'The IUCN Red List Of Threatened Species'. Iucnredlist.org. N.p., 2014. Web. 20


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