The academic and behavioral challenges presented by students with EBD affect the nature of their interactions with their teachers. Aggressive behavior patterns increase the likelihood that children will develop negative relationships with their teachers. Indeed, problematic relationships in kindergarten between students with behavior problems and teachers are associated with academic and behavioral problems through eighth grade. Henricsson and Rydell (2004) report that poor teacher -- student relationships tend to be stable over time and have a negative effect on school adjustment. These problematic relationships with teachers may contribute to the documented low rates of positive teacher attention, such as academic interactions and teacher praise in classrooms for students with EBD. Teacher -- student interactions in classrooms for students with EBD have been described both in terms of negative reinforcement and as reflecting the transactional nature of social interchanges.
Students with and at risk for developing EBD are uniquely influenced by teacher -- student interaction patterns in general education classrooms. General education teachers sometimes believe that their classrooms are inappropriate placements for students with EBD. Yet general education teachers tend to make limited accommodations and/or are resistant to changes in tasks, materials, and teaching formats. In addition, these teachers identified alternative placements to be the most needed modification.
This is important because teacher perceptions of students' academic and behavior skills is a critical classroom variable. Unfortunately, students who fail to meet teacher expectations are at risk for social and academic failure, rejected by their teachers, and perceived as having less ideal student characteristic. It is likely that the challenges presented by students with learning and behavior problems, in both special education and general education classrooms, result in their receiving differential rates of desired teacher instructional variables over time, based in part on the ongoing reciprocal influences of teacher and students on each other.
It seems apparent that there are a number of significant issues creating barriers for students with EDB and more needs to be done in order to create a better understanding for all. I feel inclusion is imperative if these...
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Inclusion BEHAVIORAL APPROACHES FOR INCLUSION Students with emotional or behavioral problems face serious hurdles both in school and when their education has ended. Few receive services outside the school, making school the only place they receive any help (Mannella et. al., 2002). In recent years, professionals have devised better ways for dealing with these students (Childs et. al., 2001). The approaches include inclusion in regular settings instead of isolating the students in
Seeking support before a program is put into place is crucial, as it is this network of support that will serve to assist in solving the problems that will 6 inevitably arise. The second common roadblock is inadequate planning and scheduling for inclusion. Planning and scheduling should not only occur at the local level, but at the district level as well (Worrell 53). Often, the entire organizational structure of a district needs
There is a growing body of support that indicates that while inclusion may be the best answer for mildly autistic children, it may not be the best setting for those with moderate to severe autism. Until now, research into the autistic child in the classroom has focused on taking the position of either for or against inclusion in the general classroom. However, when one takes the body of literature as
This study used quantitative techniques to measure the dependent variables, but the answers obtained have a high level of subjectivity present in them. Confounding Variables Aside from the independent and dependent variables, almost every study has a number of factors present that affect the results obtained in the study and the ability to interpret them. In this study, there are a number of factors that must be addressed in regards to
Special Education Since the introduction of PL-142 the Special education system has received both praise and criticism. Special Education Programs are an essential component to our educational system. The current special education system has aided many people but improvements are desperately needed as rates of enrollment increase and the number of special education teachers' decrease. The growth in the number of special education students is the topic of conversation among
The shift toward standardized testing has failed to result in a meaningful reduction of high school dropout rates, and students with disabilities continue to be marginalized by the culture of testing in public education (Dynarski et al., 2008). With that said, the needs of students with specific educational challenges are diverse and complex, and the solutions to their needs are not revealed in the results of standardized testing (Crawford &