Intercultural And/or Cross-Cultural Communication Theories, Thesis

Length: 5 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Anthropology Type: Thesis Paper: #32191910 Related Topics: Cross Cultural Management, Intercultural Communication, Intercultural Communications, Interpersonal Communication
Excerpt from Thesis :

Support for the second hypothesis, that male speakers would be perceived as less cooperative than female speakers, also varied across situations, and the effect was even smaller" (Edwards & Hamilton 2004). Support for the Tannen model only was found after additional research was done, and a new questionnaire was given that scored recipient's self-perception in terms of feminine and masculine characteristics and inculcation into traditional gender roles. Individuals with strong gender self-images were more likely to fall in line with the Tannen model of women perceiving nurturance and males perceiving conflict in relatively neutral scenarios and seeing men in general as less cooperative.

This study is provocative on several levels, not the least of which in its stress upon the individualized nature of gender norms and the lack of inherent biological tendencies towards perceiving nurturance and conflict. It suggests the need to more carefully screen subjects in terms of individualized

...

Or would individuals from less individualistic cultures than the United Sates exhibit a less wide gender range of self-associations than other nations? Future research and greater study of conflict perceptions both in terms of culture and gender is necessary to answer this provocative question.

Works Cited

Edwards, Renee & Mark a Hamilton. "You Need to Understand My Gender Role: An Empirical

Test of Tannen's Model of Gender and Communication." Sex Roles. 50.7/8 (2004):

491-504. Research Library. ProQuest. 30 Oct. 2008 http://www.proquest.com/

Oetzel, John G. & Stella Ting-Toomey. "Face concerns in interpersonal conflict."

Communication Research. 30.6 (2003): 599-624. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest.

30 Oct. 2008. http://www.proquest.com/

Tannen, Deborah. You Just Don't Understand: Women and Men in Conversation. New York:

Harper Paperbacks, 2001.

Ting-Toomey, Stella. "Cross-Cultural Face-Negotiation: An Analytical Overview."

David See-Chai Lam Centre for International Communication Pacific Region

Forum on Business and Management Communication

Presented on April 15, 1992. 30 Oct 2008. http://www.cic.sfu.ca/forum/ting-too.html

Whitham, Chris. "Face - Negotiation Theory." Communication 3000. Communication Theories.

The University of Arizona. 30 Oct 2008.…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Edwards, Renee & Mark a Hamilton. "You Need to Understand My Gender Role: An Empirical

Test of Tannen's Model of Gender and Communication." Sex Roles. 50.7/8 (2004):

491-504. Research Library. ProQuest. 30 Oct. 2008 http://www.proquest.com/

Oetzel, John G. & Stella Ting-Toomey. "Face concerns in interpersonal conflict."


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