Interpersonal Relationship Theory Research Paper

Length: 5 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Health - Nursing Type: Research Paper Paper: #39696996 Related Topics: Grand Theory, Classification, Nursing Metaparadigm, Psychodynamic Theory
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Grand Theory in Nursing

Nursing theory

Classification of nursing theories

Nursing theories are classified into there broad categories. These theories are grand theories, middle-range theories and situation specific theories. Grand nursing theories are very broad in scope and present general propositions and concepts in the nursing discipline. The theories at this level give both a reflection and provide insights that are useful in the nursing practice but they are not designed to be used as empirical testing tools. This gives a limit to the grand theories when it comes to giving directions, explanations and predictions of nursing in specific situations. The grand theories have the intention of being pertinent to all instances in the field of nursing. One such Grand theory as will be used in the context of this paper is the interpersonal theory whose main theorist or proponent behind it is Hildegard E. Peplau.

Second are the Mid-range theories which have a narrower scope as compared to grand theories. They are often used to bridge the gap that exists between grand theories and the actual nursing practice. They are only concerned with a specific area of interest within the discipline of nursing. They give propositions and concepts at a level that is lower when it comes to abstraction and at the same time hold a promise for an increase in theory-based research as well as nursing practice strategies (Shakeel, 2010).

Nursing Practice theories are most limited when it comes to their scopes as well as their level of abstraction. They are only developed to be used within specific range of nursing situation. They address only particular problems that patients have since they are the least abstract compared to other nursing theoretical frameworks. The nursing practice theories give a framework for inventions in nursing, outcome predictions and the impact that the nursing practice has.

Nursing theories are significant in that they effectively describe, predict and explain the nursing phenomena as it is today. They give a foundation to the practice of nursing, help in the generation of further knowledge and give an indication of the direction nursing should take in the future. They help in making decisions on what is know and what one needs to know. They are also used to enable nurses to know why they are doing what they are doing (Habel, 2010).

The leaders in the field of nursing and they are used to describe, develop, disseminate and put into use present knowledge when it comes to nursing. The theories provide foundation to the nursing practice and help in the generation of more knowledge and give direction of nursing in the future. There are several nursing theories that have been developed over time.

Interpersonal theory by Hildegard Peplau

This is a grand theory that is based on psychodynamic nursing that uses an understanding of an individual's behavior to help other people identify their difficulties. It applies the principle of human relations and is based on the fact that a patient normally has a felt need (Antipuesto, 2008).

This theory has several terms that relate to it; first the person who is described as an individual that tries to reduce the anxieties that are brought about by needs and lives in an unstable equilibrium. The purpose of the nurse is to help the individual to identify their anxieties and felt difficulties.

The second concept is health which refers to the forward movement of an individuals personality and human processes geared towards creative, productive, personal, constructive and community living.

Thirdly is the environment which in this theory is referred to as the existing forces that are outside the individual or the organism in the cultural context.

The final concept is nursing which is defined as an interpersonal process that is significant and therapeutic which functions cooperatively with other people in order to make health a possibility. It also involves problem solving.

This theory defined nursing as an interpersonal process of therapeutic interactions between a sick person/one that needs health services and a nurse who is especially educated so as…

Sources Used in Documents:


Antipuesto, J.(2008). Nursing Theory and Theorists. Retrieved September 13, 2014 from

Olin, J.(2011). 7 Nursing Theories to Practice By. Retrieved September 13, 2014 from

Habel, M. (2010).Nursing Theory. Retrieved September 13, 2014 from

Shakeel, J. (2010). Theories of Nursing. Retrieved September 1, 2014 from

Cite this Document:

"Interpersonal Relationship Theory" (2014, September 13) Retrieved January 18, 2022, from

"Interpersonal Relationship Theory" 13 September 2014. Web.18 January. 2022. <>

"Interpersonal Relationship Theory", 13 September 2014, Accessed.18 January. 2022,

Related Documents
Interpersonal Relationships
Words: 1727 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Communication Paper #: 37747868

Interpersonal REL In the preface to Reflect and Relate, McCornack (2010) claims to offer a "fresh perspective on interpersonal communication," (viii). Admittedly when I read this, I balked. Certainly every textbook claims to be "fresh," and besides, people have been communicating with each other since the time of Neanderthal grunting. What could I possibly learn about communication from a textbook? After keeping an open mind and giving the book a chance,

Interpersonal Communication Theory and Family Bonds
Words: 1028 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Family / Marriage Paper #: 85023239

Introduction I have chosen interpersonal communication theory as it is really an interactional procedure among two individuals, both in person or via mediated methods. It is, quite simply, a conversation or discussion which is personalized, immediate and private. A great deal depends upon the connection involving the two people, their equality of position, the socio-social atmosphere where the communication happens and so on. Whenever a mechanized equipment mediates within a social

Instant Messaging and Interpersonal Relationships
Words: 3226 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Communication Paper #: 16289874

An extremely important aspect to take into account in terms of the impact of IM on interpersonal relationships is the age-group of the user. As mentioned briefly above, the younger generation is more at home with this technology and therefore their interpersonal relationships are less adversely affected than older users, who have become used to a more offline mode of communication. In other words, the younger users will tend to

Interpersonal Communication Skills Are a Bulwark to
Words: 2258 Length: 9 Pages Topic: Communication Paper #: 25566799

Interpersonal Communication Communication skills are a bulwark to effective relationships and successful living. Effective communications are not innate attributes; they are acquired skills that can be honed to achieve not only successful dialogues, but meaningful connections between people. For the purposes of this paper, I have chosen to focus on the topic of communication in interpersonal relationships. I will then explain the principles and misconceptions in effective interpersonal communications, discuss the

Interpersonal Communications Issue Scenario Background
Words: 2550 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 59973865

Neither Paul nor Frank ever recognized that this was the principal source of their mutual rivalry, resentment, and antagonism. In fact, to hear either of them discuss their relationship, one would think that the main issue between them is that Frank is meticulously neat and fastidiously clean whereas Paul is notoriously sloppy. While those characterizations are completely accurate, they are not the source of conflict within their interpersonal relationship. Their

Interpersonal Non-Verbal Communication Observation
Words: 1600 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Communication Paper #: 12441761

Interpersonal Non-Verbal Communication Observation The importance of Non-Verbal Communication is evident in the fact that it constitutes the bulk of human communication. The fact that non-verbal communication is more important than any other form of communication is due to the emotional information it conveys, which is otherwise usually controlled or concealed. Thus, human beings base their feelings and emotional responses not so much on what another person says, but upon what