Iranian Youth The Emergence Of Term Paper

Length: 8 pages Sources: 3 Subject: History - Israel Type: Term Paper Paper: #26635654 Related Topics: Youth, Egyptian Revolution, Iran, Arab Spring
Excerpt from Term Paper :

Subsequently there is a "...hunger for reforms, for more freedom and accommodation with the west." (Asghar a.)

This movement of the progressive youth as well other sectors of the population, such as women, was clearly seen in the 1999 unrest in Iran where mainly university students took to the streets of Tehran in order to express their dissatisfaction with the orthodox regime. There were more than 20,000 students who took part in this protest and the result was a slight reduction on conservatism form the regime.

The present state of affairs Iran shows that there are a number of issues that are in the forefront of the desire for progressive reforms. These include the need for freedom of thought and expression and a reduction of the strict censorship that characterizes government policy. Another issue that is central to the progressive agenda is international relationships. There is a consensus among the progressive youth that the present hard-line and confrontational attitudes adopted by the Iranian authorities are not conducive to future peace. Another pressing issue is women's rights. This is an issue that has come to the forefront of debate in the society in recent years.

All of these issues have been accentuated and exacerbated by the examples set by more liberal and modernized Islamic countries in the region. Comparisons with other countries and regions have also been made more accessible due to the prevalence of the Internet." Today there are 1.75 million Iranians with access to the internet, and in five years that figure is expected to be five million. While the internet is a window on the world, it is also Iran's leap into free speech. Recently newspapers which the government has closed have continued to publish online." (Judah T.)

There are many signs of change and indications of the refusal by the majority of young people to accept the mores and norms of formal Iranian society. Reports indicate that under the surface of orthodox society there are many unconventional activities instigated by the youth in defiance of the autocratic regime. "Across...


And every month thousands more Iranians are going online." (Judah T.) These signs of dissent form hardliner norms can be seen in the fact that more women are "...wearing their obligatory headscarves way back over their head, to reveal as much for bidden hair as possible." (Judah T.) There are also other indications of dissent, particularly in the media and communications arena. There are an increasing number of people who are avoiding the standard TV fare offered by state television and tuning into satellite television. This of course is forbidden by the authorities. (Judah T.)

Opinion polls conducted in the country indicate that the vast majority of Iranians are in favor of reform. There is a growing belief that change in the country is inevitable and that the desire for reform, especially among the youth, cannot be halted. "One reformist academic, who asked not to be named, believes the longer hardliners block reforms and fail to ease the social restrictions of the Islamic state, the more problems they are storing up." (Judah T.) the suggested inevitability of this reform is linked as well to the growing number of well-educated young people in the country. On the one hand a well educated young population is an important asset for Iran, on the other hands "... It also poses a risk if economic and political reforms do not provide them with better opportunities." (Youth shapes Iran's economy)

This factor also relates to the aspirations of young people in the country, which are at present being stifled and suppressed by the conservative elements in Iran. In the final analysis the underground social revolution is one which is becoming more apparent and visible among the youth.

As one commentator states, "...It is a revolution that is transforming this country from the bottom up, whether the politicians like it or not. Two-thirds of Iran's population is under 30 and it is clear they have little in common with the ageing mullahs who are trying to control their lives." (Judah T.)

At present this is a social revolution that has only begun to show its nature and full extent.


Asghar a. IRAN BETWEEN LIBERALISM and ORTHODOXY. Retrieved March 11, 2007 at

Iran's Youth Push Islamic Limits. Retrieved March 14, 2007, at

Judah T. Via TV and the net, Iran's youth plot social revolution. Retrieved March 11, 2007 at

Profile: Mohammad Khatami. Retrieved March 11, 2007, at

Report: Iranian youth defy ayatollah. Retrieved March 11, 2007, at

Saghafi M. The New Landscape of Iranian Politics. Retrieved March 11, 2007, at

Youth shapes Iran's economy. Retrieved March 11, 2007, at on October 6, 1973, Egyptian forces launched a successful surprise attack across the Suez Canal. The Syrians carried out an attack on Israel at the same time.... Neither side had won a clear-cut victory, but for the Egyptians, it was a victory nonetheless. The Arabs had taken the initiative in attacking the Israelis and had shown that Israel was not invincible. The stinging defeats of 1948, 1956, and 1967 seemed to be avenged. " (

Sources Used in Documents:


Asghar a. IRAN BETWEEN LIBERALISM and ORTHODOXY. Retrieved March 11, 2007 at

Iran's Youth Push Islamic Limits. Retrieved March 14, 2007, at

Judah T. Via TV and the net, Iran's youth plot social revolution. Retrieved March 11, 2007 at

Profile: Mohammad Khatami. Retrieved March 11, 2007, at

Cite this Document:

"Iranian Youth The Emergence Of" (2007, March 17) Retrieved October 22, 2021, from

"Iranian Youth The Emergence Of" 17 March 2007. Web.22 October. 2021. <>

"Iranian Youth The Emergence Of", 17 March 2007, Accessed.22 October. 2021,

Related Documents
Adolescent Sexuality Adolescence Is a
Words: 4979 Length: 15 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 97023173

Early childhood fatherhood can impact the young adolescent male's life for the rest of his life, assigning him a responsibility that he perhaps never considered taking on when he was being sexually active (p. 95). Being sexually active is, for young adolescent boys, about more than sex. It is also about how the media says that "men," or boys who are going to grow to manhood, should behave, and

Ethnic Conflict II How Does
Words: 736 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Government Paper #: 83959174

Through policies of systematic discrimination and persecution of national minorities, Serb nationalists indirectly strengthened the radical wing of Albanian nationalist movements. The wing was represented by KSA (Kosovo Liberation Army). Most of the KSA leadership, Hedges writes, has formerly been imprisoned for separatist activities, and many were imprisoned by the Tito's communist government. The KSA's ideological base, Hedges writes, comes from a bizarre mixture of fascist and communist factions.

Iran History of Iran -History of Iran
Words: 2097 Length: 6 Pages Topic: History - Israel Paper #: 24522599

Iran History of Iran -History of Iran prior to 1935. -History of Iran from 1935 until now Culture of Iran -Religions -Languages -Society Economic and Political Factors -Politics and representation -Economic sphere The country of Iran is perhaps one of the nations least understood by the western world, because it represents the complex mixture of a number of different historical, ideological, and political strains. The country is one of the central actors in the region, and it remains a crucially important

Effects of the Media on Terrorism
Words: 3734 Length: 14 Pages Topic: Terrorism Paper #: 59117613

Media on Terrorism Acts of anti-American terrorism are becoming increasingly common, and more and more are occurring on American soil, according to Columbia political scientist Brigitte L. Nacos (Nacos, 1995). According to Nacos, the rise in terrorism is not a matter of flawed national security. It has more to do with the success that terrorists have enjoyed in exploiting the relationships among the media, public opinion and political decision-making (Nacos,

American Popular Culture Impact Overseas
Words: 4214 Length: 15 Pages Topic: Anthropology Paper #: 94179363

The cultural practices are evolved and based on the financial, social and moral understanding and capabilities of the local population, and it has been observed that Americans, Asians and Africans share extremely different perspectives and understanding on these issues, therefore the cultural adoption has been intense in countries where the technological revolution has been of the same intensity as in North America (Zelli, 1993). In some of the cases,

Demise of the Soviet Union
Words: 2619 Length: 8 Pages Topic: History - Israel Paper #: 62834510

For more than a decade, the country has been de-industrializing and learning to live with firewood or diesel generators brought in from Turkey. Reforms in Georgia, with its entrenched corruption, lack of competitive industries, poor work ethic, worn-out Soviet-era infrastructure, and widespread poverty, has been considered difficult, especially in the face of a deep economic crisis and security threats, including ones from Russia. Agriculture is a leading occupation in Georgia, whose