The prevailing child labor practices in the world not only jeopardize the childhood of the children but also adversely effects their cognitive, physical, mental, behavioral and social aspects of life. The child labor practices are followed due to the rate of increased poverty and cultural beliefs which enforces the children to contribute in the house hold income. The lawsuits against the child labor exist but are not applied to the fullest due to the poverty rate and lack of educational and institutional services for the under privileged children. Therefore, the awareness among the parents and adults should be increased about the hazards of child labor on the life of children and families should be provided with adequate support to refrain their dependency on the earnings of their children.
Causes of Child Labor
Child Labor Statistics
Law Suits against Child Labor
Steps to Eradicate Child Labor
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Children are the future and their healthy childhood not only develops cognitive ability but it also ensures that the child is being developed in the most appropriate manner with respect to the behavioral, social and moral aspects (Shankoff & Phillips, 2000). However, the future that the children behold seems to be in jeopardy due to the persistent practice of child labor. Child labor is the term which refers to the employment practices that are being functioned by many organizations and businesses in which children are employed to carry out physical and work related tasks. The children's employment not only interferes with their educational and institutional activities but also deprives them from the healthy childhood that every child in the world truly deserves. The children who are encountered with labor practices end up with poor cognitive, mental, physical, interpersonal and behavioral aspects due to the failure of development opportunities in the early childhood.
Causes of Child Labor
Child labor is found to be practiced in many under-developing countries where the per-capita income is low and the adults of the family earn below 1$ per day and thus, the financial hardships of the family enforces the...
Moreover, the unavailability of child care and support centers in the under-developing regions has paved the way towards the unfortunate practice of child labor. The children are found to be working in agricultural processes, assembly-operations in factories and mining activities. The children encountered with the labor related tasks are found to be working for 12 to 15 hours and are compensated below the minimum wage as per the regional standards.
According to the study conducted by Grootaert and Kanbur (1995), there exist the cultural belief with respect to the child labor in which the children are enforced by the adults to work due to the cultural norms prevailing in familial practices in which the children are initiated by their parents to contribute in the household income and in such cultural norms, the children are considered to have the most productive time to spend at workplace, learn the work related practices and develop them as potential labor. However, such practices extinguish the healthy development of the children and make their developmental opportunities devastated. These children do not only perform the physical work but also carry out the hazardous activities at the workplace in which the negligence in work related tasks can cause serious accidents. The demand of the child labor prevails in the world due to their lower wage and excessive availability.
Child Labor Statistics
According to the survey of UNICEF (2014), there exist 71% children comprising of 150 million, who are aged between 5 to 14 years, are adhered to child labor in the world. The survey indicates the child labor and the poor development of the future generation due to the early childhood financial hardships. The prior survey conducted by International Labor Organization (2012) postulates that that the large number of children are employed in the agricultural sector with the 60% share of child labor in 2008 and 58.6% share in 2012, the industrial sector comprised of 7% child labor in 2008 and increased up to 7.2% in 2012, the service industry employed 25.6% children in the year 2008 and the share is increased in 2012 with the total percentage of 32.3 whereas, the domestic labor i.e. child slave prevailed 4.9% in the year 2008 and the trend increased in the year 2012 with the total domestic labor of…
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