Le Corbusier Charles Edouard Jeanneret-Gris, Term Paper

Length: 8 pages Sources: 1+ Subject: Architecture Type: Term Paper Paper: #88370910 Related Topics: Modern Architecture, Sociological Imagination, Architecture, Archaeology
Excerpt from Term Paper :

(ibid) His ideas and design were extremely influential after the Second World War.

The rational logic of Le Corbusier's designs also led many critics to accuse his architecture of being too 'cold' and having little 'humanity' about them.

His rationalism is the aspect through which Le Corbusier has most often been introduced to the public. For a large number of his critics, 9 sympathetic or otherwise, he remains the theoretician who perfected a rigorous system and whose works are subjected to a cold, standardizing logic and an uncompromising functionalism.

Choay 14)

However, for Corbusier there was a sense in which a revolution in the arts and architecture had began in the early years of the twentieth century. "A great age has begun, guided by a new spirit, a spirit of construction and synthesis, guided by a clear concept. So began Le Corbusier's first article. In rapid order, this new spirit was briskly spelled out. It was to be seen in industrial production and in the machine. "

Jones 33)

On this basis Le Corbusier developed the foundation of modern architecture. Among the essential elements that he saw as fundamental to the creation of a new and more socially functional form of architecture were the following: the importance of free standing support - where the building was to be lifted from the ground by means of stilts. This would free the ground level for pedestrians. The concept of an open plan environment was to allow the merging of one space into the next. The idea of a roof garden was put forward by Le Corbusier. Another aspect was the idea of a free facade where the facade was seen as a sculptural plane, preferably a taut flat plane.

Jones 34)

4. Conclusion

For Le Corbusier the architectural revolution was about adapting modern technology and artistic concepts for the purpose of improving society. The invention of the automobile and other technologies inspired his creativity. He also saw a disparity between advancement in the modern world and the situation in architecture. He felt that the advancement in thought and technology should be reflected in the construction of buildings and cities.

Yet this veritable mutation of means, and consequently of needs, was not followed by any change in the structure of our everyday setting, the city or dwelling place. Their lack of adaptation to their new function constitutes a scandalous...

...

Le Corbusier will fight for the architectural revolution.

Choay 14)

Something of this attitude can be seen in the following description of his vision of the city and architectural necessities.

The placing of buildings along 'corridor streets' is unhealthy (traffic noises, no sun, no vegetation); their dimensions are insufficient; even in New York the skyscrapers are timid, and the city is 'a spectacular catastrophe'11; the dispersion of garden-towns is doomed from an economic standpoint; the dwelling itself, the living cell, too large but uncomfortable, is chock-full of useless, finicky objects, a jumble inherited from a past age. On top of this, the building technique employed in towns has remained at an archaic and handicraft stage; it contrasts with that used for dams, airplane hangars

Choay 15)

Many people still criticize his work as having de-humanized architecture. Le Corbusier died with the impression that he had been unjustly criticized and that his attempts to bring architecture in line with societal and human needs was largely unappreciated. (EXHIBIT TRACES DEVELOPMENT of LE CORBUSIER")

Bibliography

Britain-Catlin, Timothy. "Le Corbusier and the Concept of Self: Corbusian Societies." The Architectural Review Feb. 2004: 96. Questia. 3 Jan. 2005. http://www.questia.com/.

Brownlee, David B., and David G. De Long. Louis I. Kahn: In the Realm of Architecture. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1991.

Chilvers, Ian. A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Choay, Francoise. Le Corbusier. New York: G. Braziller, 1960.

EXHIBIT TRACES DEVELOPMENT of LE CORBUSIER," United Press International, February 11, 2003

Hitchcock, H.R., et al. World Architecture: An Illustrated History. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963.

Howard, Ebenezer, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Le Corbusier. Urban Utopias in the Twentieth Century: Ebenezer Howard, Frank Lloyd Wright, and le Corbusier. New York: Basic Books, 1977.

Hussell, Lesley. "Le Corbu." The Architectural Review June 1997: 76+. Questia. 3 Jan. 2005. http://www.questia.com/.

Jencks, Charles. "Le Corbusier, the Noble Savage toward an Archaeology of Modernism." The Architectural Review Apr. 1999: 88. Questia. 3 Jan. 2005. http://www.questia.com/.

Jencks's Theory of Evolution an Overview of Twentieth-Century Architecture." The Architectural Review July 2000: 76. Questia. 3 Jan. 2005. http://www.questia.com/.

Jones, Cranston. Architecture Today and Tomorrow. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1961.

Le Corbusier. Concerning Town Planning. Trans. Entwistle, Clive. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1948.

Le Corbusier (1887-1965). The Hutchinson Dictionary of the Arts, January 1, 1998.

Le Corbusier. Wikipedia Online. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Le_Corbusier.January 2, 2004.

Melvin, Jeremy. "Passionate Humanist: Modern Architecture and Other Essays." The Architectural Review Dec. 2003: 96. Questia. 3 Jan. 2005. http://www.questia.com/.

Myers. B and Copplestone T. (ed)

The Macmillan Encyclopedia of Art. Trewin- Coppleston Publishing. London. 1977.

Rasmussen, Steen Eiler. Experiencing Architecture. Trans. Wendt, Eve. 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA: The M.I.T. Press, 1962.

Relaxing in style and comfort.(News)," Western Mail (Cardiff, Wales), October 30, 2004.

Safdie, Moshe E., and Wendy E. Kohn. The City after the Automobile: An Architect's Vision. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1998.

Scott, James. "TYRANNY in Bricks & Mortar." The American Enterprise Jan. 2000: 26. Questia. 3 Jan.…

Sources Used in Documents:

Bibliography

Britain-Catlin, Timothy. "Le Corbusier and the Concept of Self: Corbusian Societies." The Architectural Review Feb. 2004: 96. Questia. 3 Jan. 2005. http://www.questia.com/.

Brownlee, David B., and David G. De Long. Louis I. Kahn: In the Realm of Architecture. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1991.

Chilvers, Ian. A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Choay, Francoise. Le Corbusier. New York: G. Braziller, 1960.


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