¶ … Management Research
Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and the erratic responses to the Hurricane Katrina disaster in 2005, critical incident management has become the focus of a growing body of research. In addition, there is an ongoing need for timely and effective responses to manmade and natural disasters, and improved approaches continue to be identified. To gain some fresh insights into current critical incident management, this paper reviews three studies concerning a coordinated multi-disciplinary response to a critical incident as well as the National Incident Management System. A review of a final article concerning response and management of a chemical, biological, radiological and explosive incident is followed by a summary of the research and a description concerning how the research contributes to knowledge in these areas.
Review and Analysis
Coordinated Multi-Disciplinary Response to a Critical Incident.
In his study, "Responding to Bio-terrorism Requires a Concerted Effort," Mughai (2002) describes the multi-disciplinary response to critical incidents provided by the Military Improved Response Program (MIRP) for instances of biological and chemical terrorism. The MIRP approach employs four different functional groups, each of which was tasked with identifying improved flexible strategies for a multi-disciplinary response to such events as follows:
1. Health and medical: improve the response capabilities against biological warfare by designing a set of alternative...
Fire and hazmat: develop recommendations for firefighters and hazmat crews responding to chemical or biological terrorist incidents;
3. Law enforcement: define the role and conduct of criminal investigations for biological and chemical terrorism; and,
4. Fatality management: Partnering with the civilian medical examiner and public health communities to determine how military resources can best support the management of mass fatalities resulting from a biological or chemical incident.
Based on the findings that emerged from this exercise, a multi-disciplinary response template was devised that drew on these lessons learned which provides the framework for improved coordination of first responders.
National Incident Management System (NIMS)
A more recent report from Fazzini (2009) entitled, "The Importance of NIMS to Campus Emergency Response," notes that in March, 2004, the National Incident Management Systems (NIMS) was launched by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to "provide a systematic, proactive approach for government agencies at all levels, non-government organizations, and the private sector to work seamlessly to prevent, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate the effects of incidents . . . To reduce the loss of life, destruction of property" (p. 14). The NIMS…
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