In this paper, we look into the new technological development in the air transport system such as GPS in air traffic management, airport infrastructure and proactive safety management. In details the paper discusses the user of specific situation awareness including a new broadband information network, weather observation, prediction and impacts; security, presumably without limiting mobility or civil liberties harmonization of equipage and operations globally and environmental protection with sustained economic growth.
The aviation industry is the foundation of the U.S. economy. According to Swenson (2006) the industry is critical to the economic growth of the nation and has a greater influence on our quality of life. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and a number of analysts have noted that air traffic operations are on the verge of change and it's expected to increase from 150% to 250% in the next two decades. However, analysts who have seen this increasing growth in air transport market are worried, due to the current lack of elaborate planned capacity which would contain the influx in the industry in the next few years (Swenson,2 006).
Moreover, this industry has a clear connection with comparative economic relationship between the growths in the country's gross domestic product (GDP) and air transport sector. This requires the country to invest heavily in the most critical infrastructure, if the U.S. wants to continue being the world largest economy. In reaction to this development, the Commission on the Future of Aerospace in the United States has put in place a number of proposals which could change the face of the U.S. air transport system in the next couple of years as a national priority. These proposals were derived shortly to meet the requirement in the air transport system as highlighted in the law passed by the Congress and signed into law by the president "the Vision 100" which is known as Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act. This Act led to the emergence of the Interagency Join Planning and Development Office (JPDO), which generally is tasked with establishment the vision for 2025 Next Generation Air Transport System (NGATS) and to finalized or examined the requirement for achieving that vision (Swenson, 2006).
In this paper, we look into the new technological development in the air transport system such as GPS in air traffic management, airport infrastructure and proactive safety management. In details the paper discusses the user-specific situation awareness including a new broadband information network, weather observation, prediction and impacts; security, presumably without limiting mobility or civil liberties harmonization of equipage and operations globally and environmental protection with sustained economic growth.
Air transport management system
The shift in the management and control of air transport is widely predicted to commence in a few years from today. As stated by Mineta (2004) the country's air traffic control (ATC) system is still based on the 1940's era radar, which has proved to be inefficient and has got capacity to accommodate the growing demand. It's foreseen that, in the next few years there would be an influx of many passengers and aircraft is said that will continue to tax an already burden system. Most airports across the United States have experience increase in the number of passengers with approximately 720 million people in 2011 only. However, FAA has projected that by 2021, U.S. aviation industry will numerous changes with approximately a billion passengers are expected to use our airspace. This demands for modernization of most of our airports ATC system, without doing so the inefficient ATC system used currently will suffer gridlock in case of severe weather and we can't imagine what we happened to business travellers across the U.S. (Mineta, 2004).
The next generation ATC system is expected to use Global Positioning System (GPS) built on the most reliable satellite and based on navigation. This system will be a break through to the aviation sector, since the issue of flight delay will be a matter of past, the flight delays will reduce sharply. It will assist business travellers to get to their destination fast which will eliminate loss of opportunities. The efforts to bring in well managed system in the aviation industry is being supports to initiatives an acceleration of ATC modernization as a modern, safe air infrastructure is essential to the business travel industry. According to FAA it's most likely that by 2018, the Next Generation of air transport will cut down most flight delays by 35% and offers $23 billion in delay decrease benefits. The report released by the Deloitte in 201, which originated from their business case study, tried to estimates $29 billion in net benefits in the U.S. every year after full deployment of system when it starts to operate by the year 2026.
In ensuring the best system is kept and the demand of the market is met, global positioning satellite (GPS) technology is set to perform a critical function in the new system. However, the U.S. Department of Defense that is responsible for those systems will also be a key stakeholder to ensure the system operates in line with the laydown regulations, as are the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Commerce, and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), all will be planted in to assist and bring efficiency in its operations. In addition an organization called the NGATS Institute has been set up to include industry participants and perspectives.
This modernization effort will transform the national air traffic system by transitioning from a ground-based radar system to a satellite-based surveillance system; developing data communications capabilities between aircraft and the ground to reduce controller and pilot workload; improving aviation weather forecasting and monitoring systems; and creating shared and distributed information technology architectures.
Screening of travellers by TSA and Global Entry
Since the 9/11, the security system around our airports has changed and certain measure was taken to reduce chances of any security threat to the U.S. Sheridan (2006) noted even though private firms normally have limited success in provide better checkpoint screening for various passengers, the real issue is how to provide better focus to Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and make it have a lot of resources which can allow it to keep on check high risk travelers and improve screening for low risk and most frequently business travelers. In addition, in ensuring that both our airspace and airlines are secure, certain measures are being undertaken in the realization of better security in the next generation airport transport in the U.S.
These measures include the expansion of risk-based programs, which includes adequate staffing of TSA and technology funding of current and new airports which plans to join. The TSA will endure the process of increasing the Pre-Check program to other experienced airports as quickly as possible and work towards nationwide establishment of TSA system. This has been seen as a better investment towards the protection of American's citizens and the rest of the world. The program will also include the extended expansion efforts at new Global Entry airports to ensure that all travellers are thoroughly checked at the point of entry at our airports.
So far the Congress has agreed to put a lot of investment in this project in achieving the Next Generation Air Transport System by 2025. Adequately funds have been provided in an effort to start and finish the project with the schedule time. The completion of this project will erase some of the fears in the aviation industry, since all passengers and other people including pilots and hi/her team must undergo serious check before going on board. However, some of the fears which have come up in last years because of suspicions on the kind of laxity within some members of U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) Trusted Traveler programs, including Global Entry and NEXUS, will be a thing of the past. The system provides guidelines which shall ensure that every traveller must undergo the security check up by the gate, and all other luggage, parcels and other materials will be taken through special check by the TSA. According to report released in February this year, TSA has made a deal to launch the implementation of the program through major airports in U.S. And influence the same policy in the rest of the world, as the best way to secure the airspace towards achieving the Next Generation airport Transportation. To date, more than 350,000 passengers have been screened at TSA. The TSA seems serious with its commitments in the implementation, it has even planned for further expansion of Pre-check which has been extremely well-received by business travelers.
Funding of the Aviation Security
The entire population of the U.S. will enjoy the benefit of advanced secure, reliable system within our airports if the federal government decides to put investment in this sector. However, every year travelers and most airlines usually pay billions of dollars to the aviation industry and…