Preventing Childhood Obesity
Childhood obesity is on the rise in America and across the world. Obesity presents physical, social, and emotional complications for all sufferers. However, childhood obesity is especially concerning because the chronic conditions associated with obesity such as type II diabetes and heart disease are increasingly difficult to manage over time and today's generation of obese children is more likely to become a generation of overweight adults. According to the Centers for Disease Control, approximately 17% children and adolescents aged 2 -- 19 are obese ("Childhood obesity facts," 2014). Obesity in children is significantly correlated with poverty and certain specific minority statuses. "In 2011-2012, obesity prevalence was higher among Hispanics (22.4%) and non-Hispanic black youth (20.2%) than non-Hispanic white youth (14.1%). The prevalence of obesity was lower in non-Hispanic Asian youth (8.6%) than in youth who were non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black or Hispanic" obese ("Childhood obesity facts," 2014). Obesity is clearly a poverty problem as a well as an issue of personal will; culture and genetics also likely play a role.
History of the condition
Traditionally, under-nutrition amongst the poor was the primary concern of many food assistance programs, such as the U.S. school lunch program which provides subsidized and free meals to low-income students. However, the need for calorie control, particularly amongst the low-income students most reliant...
The recent changes to the school lunches mandated healthier meal options, more fruits and vegetables and lower-fat, lower-sugar options. "In addition, the changes put a cap on the number of calories in school meals: up to 650 for children in kindergarten through fifth grade, 700 for sixth through eighth graders and 850 for high schoolers" ("School lunch calorie maximums," 2014). It is no longer simply enough to provide students with food; food quality is also an issue. More calories are not necessarily better, particularly for low-income children struggling with weight issues.
The increasing prevalence of obesity amongst the poverty-stricken is not endemic only to the developed world, but also the developing world. "Of the world's 43 million overweight and obese preschoolers, 35 million live in developing countries. By 2020, if the current epidemic continues unabated, 9% of all preschoolers will be overweight or obese -- nearly 60 million children" ("Child obesity," 2014). Historically, children were the least, rather than the most affected group by obesity. While today there are technically more adults than children who are obese, "U.S., Brazil, China, and other countries have seen the problem escalate more rapidly in children than in adults" ("Child obesity 2014). Developing world nations are ill-equipped to deal with obesity, given that the focus was upon preventing famine, not dealing with the health consequences of over-nutrition.
In terms of creating policy to affect individual behaviors, there is often a tension between choice and freedom. Certain policies designed to limit obesity also limit personal choice, such as restricting the choices of subsidized school lunches or limiting the types of high-calorie, low-nutrition foods that can be bought with EBT. Attempts to limit the size of sugary sodas that could be purchased in New York City also fell flat (Entine 2012). Resistance to government intervention regarding personal choices can result in hesitation to motivate real, effectual changes.
There are also ethical questions about compelling business owners to post calorie counts…
" (2008, p. 146) Flegal, Ogden & Carroll stress the need to educate lowering the fat content of the diet through nursing intervention and practice. (2004, p. S147) These nursing interventions can like this work stress the implementation of a program that exposes adolescents to healthier alternatives and builds the efficacy for obtaining them through successfully seeking family behavior changes and building awareness about healthier options and food costing that
OBESITY 1 OBESITY 15 Obesity Name Date Introduction Obesity is a global epidemic affecting almost all population cohorts. Rates of obesity are rising worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2013), the obesity epidemic “is not restricted to industrialized societies,” with millions of obesity-related cases burgeoning in developing countries (p. 1). With billions of cases worldwide, obesity has therefore been described as the “major health hazard of the 21st century,” (Zhang, Liu, Yao, et al.,
In Oklahoma there is a state-wide effort known as the Oklahoma Physical Activity and Nutrition Program (OKPAN). This is an effort to avert obesity and other chronic diseases by way of healthy eating and increased physical activity. Its task is to reduce the frequency and occurrence of obesity and related chronic diseases through the improvement of organizational capacity and development and implementation of a comprehensive State Plan. This program focuses
North Miami Beach Windshield Survey The purpose of this essay is to highlight and describe the results of a windshield survey of the North Miami Beach urban area. The practical application of the results of this survey are useful in helping guide community health efforts in the right direction and provide a basis of action for leaders and their followers throughout the profession. This essay will present the data gathered that is
Obesity Preventing Childhood Obesity Nina Davuluri of Syracuse, New York met with several dozen students at the Bell Elementary School in Tulsa, Oklahoma on June 6 to discuss her experiences with childhood obesity (Eger, 2014). This was particularly poignant because Miss Davuluri is the reigning Miss America. A steady diet of white rice, naan bread, soda, sugary cereals, and cookies during her childhood had led the family physician to warn her parents
Examining Potential Post-Operative Complications for Hemiarthroplasty Hemiarthroplasty refers to the operation that is commonly used for the treatment of a fractured hip. This operation is similar to that of a total hip replacement, but it only involves the replacement of half the hip. In most cases, the operation only replaces the ball portion of the hip joint. As with any other orthopedic surgery, there are complications that are associated with this