Organised Crimes Organized Crime And Term Paper

Length: 10 pages Sources: 10 Subject: Criminal Justice Type: Term Paper Paper: #64307407 Related Topics: Russian Organized Crime, War Crime, Drug Cartel, Crime
Excerpt from Term Paper :

This creates an environment for criminal organizations where they "... can operate in parallel to existing business and government institutions"

Shaw uses the Soviet Union as a good example of this phenomenon. "...the collapse of communist rule allowed the emergence of literally thousands of criminal organisations involving current and former members of the establishment " (Shaw). As Shaw and others points out, a situation where there are functional links between government and organized crime has parallels in many other regions and countries, particularly in the developing countries of Africa and Asia.

In essence, the changing international stage and the disappearance of boundaries and barriers between counties and nations provide the opportunity for criminal organizations to grow. Furthermore, it also provides for the possibility of greater interaction between criminal organizations and governments that may be dependent on these organizations for certain political and social needs.

Government and organized crime

An example of the way that organized crime interfaces and is supported by government has already been referred to in the example of the Soviet Union; where new governmental structures are seen to incorporate elements of organized crime. However, an example that is more verifiable can be found in many African countries.

There are studies that suggest that there is an intersection between organized crime and government in South Africa. With the demise of the system of Apartheid in the country, "..., border controls were weakened, thus creating new potential areas of operation for organised crime" (Shaw). This fact coincided with the transnational and multinational organized crime that was expanding across the globe at the time. As a result crime organizations saw their opportunity in the breakdown of order and "... bought into local operations and expanded them, or contracted subsidiary organizations to conduct their work for them" (Shaw).

Studies also show the way that organized crime has improved its ability to use the available situation of the state to government to their advantage. Therefore, in countries like Russia and Columbia ".... is often difficult to tell where the state ends and organised crime begins. Good state contacts enable operations to run more smoothly, while forewarning crime bosses of any impending government crack-down" (Shaw). It is also significant to note that the control of organized crime in Russia has been hampered by aspects such as the bribery of police and government officials as well as, "The lack of effective communication with law enforcement agencies in other countries" (Carter).

Countries in West Africa are also open to the intrusion by organized crime syndicates due to the extent of governmental corruption. This situation is exacerbated by numerous civil wars and a general state of criminal anarchy in many of the countries in the region. For examples, African dictators such as Sani Abacha of Nigeria have created an environment of lawlessness and anarchy that favor organized crime and provides access to official channels for the perpetuation of crime. (Carter)

5. Conclusion

The reality of international organized crime is acknowledged by numerous experts and pundits. The nature of organized crime has changed and become more sophisticated over recent years to become more pervasive and extensive. There is a general consensus among law enforcement agencies and organizations that international crime is a real and pervasive threat to order and security. "The threat from

...

This situation is further exacerbated by the advances in technology that has resulted in the reduction of legal and other barriers between countries. Governments in various countries are also implicated in the actions and activities to organized crime. This is turn is related to the changing situation of governments in the world and particularly to the breakdown of governmental structures in the developing world - although this does not exclude interaction between government and crime in more developed countries.

The literature on his subject also points out that it is not only 'failed states', governments that have collapsed or obviously corrupt governments that are targets for infiltration by organized crime. As many pundits stress, international criminal organization also flourish in sound and effective governmental structures, as these also provides a lucrative meads of continuing and advancing their business. Shaw notes that, "The existence of a relatively strong but penetrated state allows organised crime the luxury of using state institutions for profit, remaining relatively free from prosecution while continuing to operate in a comparatively stable environment" (Shaw).

In the final analysis, there modern technological environment and volatile social and political conditions in many parts of the world provide a lucrative environment for organized crime in use social institutions to the advantage. This situation is exacerbated by the involvement of many governments in crime in various ways, which makes the combating and detection of crime much more difficult.

References

Attorney general targeting international organized crime. Retrieved April 23, 2008, at http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-crime24apr24,1,3582903.story

Carter D. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME.

Retrieved April 26, 2008, at http://www1.cj.msu.edu/~outreach/security/orgcrime.html

CRIMINAL JUSTICE RESOURCES: Organized Crime. Retrieved April 23, 2008, at http://www.lib.msu.edu/harris23/crimjust/orgcrime.htm

Dictionary: organized crime. Retrieved April 23, 2008, at http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cid/orgcrime/lcnindex.htm

Global Watch. Retrieved April 23, 2008, at http://www.globalwatch.org.za/orgnized%20crime.htm. Governmentand organized crime: A history of co-existence (2008). Retrieved April 23, 2008, at http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/article.php?enewsid=102381

Italian Organized Crime -- Overview. Retrieved April 23, 2008, at http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cid/orgcrime/lcnindex.htm

Kelly, R. Chin K, and Schatzberg R, (Eds) (1994) Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Organized Crime. Retrieved April 26, 2008, at http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/organized-crime/index.html.

Organised Crime in West Africa - African Security Review Vol 14 No 4, 2005. Retrieved April 26, 2008, at http://www.iss.co.za/pubs/ASR/14No4/F1.htm.

Shaw M. (1996) the Development of Organized Crime in South Africa. Retrieved April 23, 2008, at http://www.issafrica.org/Pubs/Monographs/No3/DevelopmentMS.html

Organized crime and government

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Attorney general targeting international organized crime. Retrieved April 23, 2008, at http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-crime24apr24,1,3582903.story

Carter D. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME.

Retrieved April 26, 2008, at http://www1.cj.msu.edu/~outreach/security/orgcrime.html

CRIMINAL JUSTICE RESOURCES: Organized Crime. Retrieved April 23, 2008, at http://www.lib.msu.edu/harris23/crimjust/orgcrime.htm


Cite this Document:

"Organised Crimes Organized Crime And" (2008, April 28) Retrieved September 21, 2021, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/organised-crimes-organized-crime-and-30299

"Organised Crimes Organized Crime And" 28 April 2008. Web.21 September. 2021. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/organised-crimes-organized-crime-and-30299>

"Organised Crimes Organized Crime And", 28 April 2008, Accessed.21 September. 2021,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/organised-crimes-organized-crime-and-30299

Purpose of Paperdue.com

The documents we provide are to be used as a sample, template, outline, guideline in helping you write your own paper, not to be used for academic credit. All users must abide by our "Student Honor Code" or you will be restricted access to our website.

Related Documents
Organized Crime and Its Influence
Words: 15157 Length: 48 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 46653779

Organized Crime has been witnessed to prosper with the infiltration on legitimate businesses in a way that they associate themselves in order to steal from the host. Organized crime organizations execute such activities in order to generate income, sweep profits, achieve more power, and launder wealth (Abadinsky, 2009). The crimes that are committed by the individuals that are employed in the legitimate corporations are particularly known as white collar crimes.

Organized Crime Has Been Romanticized in American
Words: 892 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 613958

Organized crime has been romanticized in American film and television media. Although some of the depictions are stereotyped and exaggerated, many of the core elements revealed in fictionalized accounts of organized crime are real. The history of organized crime in America is linked with important historical and political events including the prohibition of both drugs and alcohol. According to the United States National Security Council (2013), organized crime is defined by

Organized Crime Some of the Most Important
Words: 1016 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 3105935

Organized Crime Some of the most important aspects of organized crime will be taken into account in the paper. Its history, definitions and some of the main attributes of organized crime will be taken into account in the paper. History of organized crime At the time when J. Edgar was the director of the FBI in the 1970s, one of the main debates within the Americans was about the existence of organized crime.

Organized Crime Fighting Organized Crime, and More
Words: 1324 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 78995738

Organized Crime Fighting Organized crime, and more specifically, international organized crime (IOC) present very serious and long lasting problems for law enforcement units in many ways. The manner in which the laws are constructed within the United States presents unique and specific problems that make this duty very difficult to perform. The purpose of this essay is to identify and explain in detail the law enforcement strategies, tools and Federal Statutes

Crime on March 9th, 2013, Two New
Words: 5716 Length: 18 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 8975565

Crime On March 9th, 2013, two New York City police officers shot and killed a sixteen-year-old Kimani Gray, and claimed afterward that he had brandished a handgun at them after being told to show his hands (Goodman, 2013). More remarkable than the New York Police Department's killing of a young black male, however, was the outpouring of community grief and anger that followed the shooting. The following Monday, March 11th, saw

Crime Where on One Hand, It Can
Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 7568309

Crime Where on one hand, it can accurately be concluded that the challenges that are faced by cities have substantially increased due to the recession, it would be inaccurate to suggest that it has caused them. Long-term commitments and service levels have been offered in the past by Governments when it was well-known it would be incredibly hard to deliver on such promises. These include healthcare coverage schemes after retirement and