Problem-Solving Behavior From Three Different Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

This concept says that the low zone represents what the child already knows and can handle alone, and the high zone represents what the child needs mentoring for. With help, Sara could very well pick a gift appropriate to her mother's interest and taste. Because Jane at 10 has a broader experience of the world and more experience with her mother's likes and dislikes, her zone of proximal or potential development will be much larger, however she might very well take advantage of the more complete knowledge of people around her and try to buy or possibly make something really special.

Siegler: Information Processing Theories

Information processing theories have much the same foundations as constructivist or socialcultural theory but seem to focus more on exactly how attention and memory work and grow and change in the child. Attention improves a lot in early childhood although with the younger child, focus can get stuck on the most noticeable feature of an issue, the term is salient, rather than the most important aspects. An example used was that the young child may be more likely to notice a brightly colored clown in a message, than the message itself. A fairly simple measure of attention in children is how long they can watch TV before they chose to do something else. Further, memory also is shown to improve greatly during early childhood. Children learn to use rehearsal as a tool and the speed of processing also improves. Information processing theorists believe that if individual parts of tasks are analyzed so that they can be made more interesting and simple, that various aspects of cognitive development can occur earlier than previously thought possible.

If Sara lives in a stable, safe environment where she is provided with the kinds of learning opportunities and materials to help her make the most of her natural maturation processes, it is possible that she might be observant and attending enough to notice her mother's activities enough to buy her mother a gift that focuses on something her mother does all the time. For example, she may see her mother performing an activity such as knitting and seeing knitting needles at the local Wal-Mart decide that purchasing a new pair of knitting needles would be just the thing. There are plenty of reasons why such an item might attract her attention both at home and in the store. First, they would be something she would associate with her mother, second, they are usually brightly colored.

It would probably make very good sense even to one so young.

Jane, whose attention and memory will be almost approaching adult development might very well be more likely to think in terms of more personal items such as clothing or jewelry. She's had more time to study her world and her mother, and she has had the opportunity to see how her mother has responded to various types of presents in the past. She can make an informed choice that will include attention,…

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