Prospects For Madagascar - Breaking Term Paper

Length: 8 pages Sources: 5 Subject: Literature - African Type: Term Paper Paper: #61196581 Related Topics: Third World Countries, Broadcasting, Strain Theory, Political Parties
Excerpt from Term Paper :



Urbanization

The Madagascar population is quite dispersed (UNHCHR 1993). The urban centers and other vital sectors, such as the deltas and alluvial plains are populated. But the rest of the land is thinly populated. Only a few regions are enclaved and have roads, but these are in a deteriorating state because of the lack of material and financial resources. The growth rate of Madagascar went up from 1.59 to 3.5% between 1960 and 1970. In 1990, the population was estimated at 11 million and evenly distributed. There are 171 live births per 1,000 women of child-bearing age. The crude mortality is 17.6 per thousand with life expectancy at birth at 54.5 years. The natural increase in population is 2.7 to 3.2% per year or to double within 22-26 years. The population is 46% for those below 15 years old and only 3% for those over 60. The dependency ratio is quite high at 93%. The population is largely rural at 76-80%.

Soldiers and Politics

Madagascar has a military force, consisting of 13,500 members and 12,5000 of them are in the army (MSN Encarta 2007). An 8,000 member complement performs paramilitary functions. In the spring during the rule of Tsiranana, a student strike grew into a riot. Elements of the military ousted the army chief of staff in early 1975 and then put Didier Ratsiraka as head of state. Economic pressures and political unrest led to antigovernment plots. After massive anti-government actions, he promised reforms. A transitional government was established and a new constitution was set in place by a popular referendum in August 1992 (MSN Encarta).

Economic Growth and the Environment

Despite its biological and cultural richness, Madagascar has remained among the world's poorest countries (Mongabay.com 2007). Astronauts remarked that deforestation in the country makes it look like it is bleeding to death because of the red soils being carried by rivers. Environmental degradation is severe. Around 90% of its forests have disappeared and 25-30% of the rest is burned every year by agricultural fires. Soil erosion takes away the country's agricultural capacity and worsens poverty in the rural areas (Mongabay.com).

The rule of didcator Kidier...

...

Officials steal substantial funds intended for aid and development activities. Economies, based on natural resource extraction, as in Madagascar, are prone to corruption. In the same light, economic colonialism has impeded the development of Madagascar, despite its independence in 1960. The lack of investment in sustainable industries has significantly slowed its economic development down. The lack of infrastructure has been another restraint. Only 5,780 of the almost 50,000 km of roads are paved. Most of these paved roads are also in very bad shape, full of potholes and can accommodate only single vehicles. Bad weather often damages or destroys roads and bridges and makes travel more difficult. Madagascar's geographic isolation may be a unique feature but it also increases trade costs. Its population is relatively small and poor so that is has been underserved as a market by global firms. Foreign corporations lack the motivation to develop, transport and market many of their goods to Madagascar. Children suffer from inadequate education system. Poverty prevents the government from providing enough funds for education (Mongabay.com).

Bibliography

BRIDGE (1992). What about women? 4 pages. Institute of Development Studies: University of Sussex, Retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://bridge.ids.ac.uk/reports/R20%20What%20About%20Women%202c.doc

Ferraro, V. (1996). Dependency theory. 12 pages. Mount Holyoke College. Retrieved on May 31, 2007 at http://www.mtkolyoke.edu/acad/intrel/depend.htm

Hamilton, R. (2003). Madagascar mixes religion and politics. 5 pages. BBC News: British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2681011.stm

International Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (2006). The experience of the National Land Programme in Madagascar. 3 pages. Summary. Retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://www.icarrd.org/en/icarrd/_madagascar_Sum.doc

Juanico, S. (1999). Modernization / dependency theories. International Politics 104. 11 pages. Retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://www.mongabay.com./2005/0522-rhett_butler.html

Leithead, a. (2002). Ethnic strife rocks Madagascar. 8 pages. BBC News: British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved on May 30, 2007 at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/1987383.stm

Mongabay.com (2007). A look at why Madagascar is so poor. 5 pages. Mongabay, May 22, 2005. Retrieved on May 30, 2007 at http://mongabay.com/2005/9522-rhett_butler.html

MSN Encarta (2007). Madagascar. 7 pages. Microsoft Encarta Online…

Sources Used in Documents:

Bibliography

BRIDGE (1992). What about women? 4 pages. Institute of Development Studies: University of Sussex, Retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://bridge.ids.ac.uk/reports/R20%20What%20About%20Women%202c.doc

Ferraro, V. (1996). Dependency theory. 12 pages. Mount Holyoke College. Retrieved on May 31, 2007 at http://www.mtkolyoke.edu/acad/intrel/depend.htm

Hamilton, R. (2003). Madagascar mixes religion and politics. 5 pages. BBC News: British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/2681011.stm

International Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (2006). The experience of the National Land Programme in Madagascar. 3 pages. Summary. Retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://www.icarrd.org/en/icarrd/_madagascar_Sum.doc
Juanico, S. (1999). Modernization / dependency theories. International Politics 104. 11 pages. Retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://www.mongabay.com./2005/0522-rhett_butler.html
Leithead, a. (2002). Ethnic strife rocks Madagascar. 8 pages. BBC News: British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved on May 30, 2007 at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/1987383.stm
Mongabay.com (2007). A look at why Madagascar is so poor. 5 pages. Mongabay, May 22, 2005. Retrieved on May 30, 2007 at http://mongabay.com/2005/9522-rhett_butler.html
MSN Encarta (2007). Madagascar. 7 pages. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia: Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://encarta.msn.com/text_761568260_0/Madagascar.html
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (1993). Reports of States Parties. 16 pages. Core Document Forming Part of the Reports. Retrieved May 30, 2007 at http://hri.ca/fortherecord1997/documentation/coredocs/hri-core-1-add31.htm


Cite this Document:

"Prospects For Madagascar - Breaking" (2007, May 31) Retrieved December 1, 2021, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/prospects-for-madagascar-breaking-37444

"Prospects For Madagascar - Breaking" 31 May 2007. Web.1 December. 2021. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/prospects-for-madagascar-breaking-37444>

"Prospects For Madagascar - Breaking", 31 May 2007, Accessed.1 December. 2021,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/prospects-for-madagascar-breaking-37444

Related Documents
Social Problem
Words: 3501 Length: 12 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 83554761

Social Science Research Problem "PIPA Policy Work Wonder Worker Bees" From: Robert Lloyd, PIPA Executive Director Joshua USAID foreign aid grant, education, and development The standard of living of people and their per capital income are steadily increasing globally. Many factors contribute to the increase in the higher income, and these factors include education, globalization, and economic stability across countries. However, there is a positive correlation between higher earning and level of education.

African Economy One of the
Words: 3137 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Literature - African Paper #: 68845560

It is believed for every dollar that flows into Africa in the form of foreign loans eighty cents flows out as capital flight. One of the significant constraints to the growth in Africa is the low savings and investment. Trade and current account deficits are another source of worry. Though overall fiscal discipline showed improvement, fiscal profligacy remains an issue. Some of the African currencies experienced massive price increases

Factor Affects to the Low Income Country Has the Greatest Impact...
Words: 1282 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Economics Paper #: 84969735

Low Income Countries Economic status of North Korea A less developed country is that country with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of less than 2% of global trade in goods relative to other countries. Less developed countries are known for less industrialization and more often than not a high dependence on foreign aid. These countries are grouped as the poorest and weakest market economies and consist of more than 880 million people.

Pro-Poor Tourism
Words: 3175 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Recreation Paper #: 45665588

Pro-Poor Tourism: Association With Development Activities, Sustainability, And Benefiting Local and Poor Population Tourism is an effective tool of achieving development, especially in developing nations, and poor and remote communities. This is possible if governments, non-governmental, and private institutions involved in tourism engage poor and local communities in tourism activities, through pro-poor tourism strategies. Pro-poor tourism strategies, which can alleviate poverty and encourage development include unlocking opportunities in the tourism sector

Marketing in a Less Developed Country
Words: 1532 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Business - Advertising Paper #: 48375928

Marketing in a Less Developed Country A less developed country is that country with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of less than 2% of global trade in goods relative to other countries. Less developed countries are characterized by little industry and sometimes a comparatively high dependence on foreign aid. These countries are grouped as the poorest and weakest market economies and consist of more than 880 million people. They rely heavily

Study on Improvement of Low Cost Airline in Thailand
Words: 11802 Length: 40 Pages Topic: History - Asian Paper #: 57365723

Low Cost Airline in Thailand The Study on Improvement of Low Cost Airline in Thailand Geography of Thailand Nature of Airlines Variables under Study The Profitability of Low Cost Airlines in Thailand Thai Economy Operating Results, Selected Airlines, Financial Year 1999 The Economies of Scale Attained By Airline Industry Human Resource Practices The future of low cost Thailand Airlines Contrasting Qualities of State Owned and Non-State Owned Airlines The Study on Improvement of Low Cost Airline in Thailand Thailand is a global