Protein Intake in High School 'Literature Review' chapter

Excerpt from 'Literature Review' chapter :

85 grams per 1 kilogram of protein intake is recommended (Schilling 2008). Protein intake in this amount is not normally a problem for high school athletes, however female athletes tend to have a harder time making decisions for proper protein nutrition due to the perception that the additional calories will affect their body image (Elliott et al. 2008).

A proper balance of protein and carbohydrates is essential to performing at peak swimming condition, thus some athletes have turned to protein supplements and recovery drinks as ways of hitting their targeted intake levels (Hoffman et al. 2007; Petroczi et al. 2008; Rees 2007). Protein recovery drinks for post-workout recovery are a fairly benign source of protein for high school athletes, however in the critical stage of adolescent development it is vitally important that high school athletes maintain proper nutrition with whole foods prior to turning to supplements (Johnson 2008). Oftentimes the proper amount of protein can be as simple as having a glass of chocolate milk and a peanut butter sandwich both before and after a hard weight room or pool workout.

References

Elliot, D.L, Linn Goldberg, M.D., Esther L. Moe, Ph.D., M.P.H., Carol a. DeFrancesco,

M.A., R.D., Melissa B. Durham, M.P.H., Wendy McGinnis, M.S., and Chondra

Lockwood, Ph.D. 2008. Long-term Outcomes of the ATHENA (Athletes

Targeting Healthy Exercise & Nutrition Alternatives) Program for Female High

School Athletes. J Alcohol Drug Educ. 52(2): 73 -- 92. Link to article:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2598770/.

Hoffman, J.R., and Avery D. Faigenbaum, Nicholas a. Ratamess, Ryan Rossi, Jie Kang,

and Gershon Tenenbaum. 2007. Nutritional Supplementation and Anabolic

Steroid Use in Adolescents. Medicine and Science in Sports Nutrition. Pgs. 1-24.

Johnson, R. 2008. Post-Workout Nutrition for the High School Athlete. Strength and Conditioning Journal: High School Corner. 30:4. pgs. 49-50.

Petroczi Andrea, Declan P. Naughton, Gemma Pearce, Richard Bailey, Andrew

Bloodworth, and Michael McNamee. 2008. Nutritional supplement use by elite young UK athletes: fallacies of advice regarding efficacy. J Int Soc Sports Nutr.

5: 22. Link to article: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2654424/

Rees, R.C., Emilia Patricia T. Zarco, and Dawn K. Lewis. 2007. Intermediate and high school students' attitudes toward and behavior regarding steroids and sports supplements use: The mediation of clique identity. Final World Anti-Doping

Agency Report. Pgs. 1-68.

Schilling, L. 2008. What Coaches Need to Know About the Nutrition of Female High

School Athletes: A Dietitian's Perspective. Strength and Conditioning Journal:

High School Corner. 30:5. pgs. 16-17

Sources Used in Document:

Schilling, L. 2008. What Coaches Need to Know About the Nutrition of Female High

School Athletes: A Dietitian's Perspective. Strength and Conditioning Journal:

High School Corner. 30:5. pgs. 16-17

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