Religion In Indonesia Islam In Essay

78). Rituals in life are pertinent events for religious display and artistic expression. Events of puberty, marriage life and burial offer opportunities for Balinese to express their notions regarding statuses, society and the afterlife. The Balinese denomination organizes their faith in a hierarchical manner with a small portion of the aristocracy, the Brahmans or priestly classes being the highest in rank. Brahman priests have no association with any temple but act as spiritual figures, leaders and advisors to families in several homesteads distributed throughout the island. People consult the priests when celebratory events requiring holy anointment water emerge. In other instances, individuals may hire doctors and traditional healers.

Buddhism in Indonesia

Buddhism in Indonesia in the 1990 period was the unbalanced product of intricate accommodations among ideologies of religion, Chinese traditional identifications, Confucianism and Buddhism all of which had members from the traditional Chinese community. After the 1965 coup, any sign of diversion from the monotheistic principles of the Pancasila was treason. The founder suggested that there was a sole, supreme divinity, Buddha (Intan, 2006 p. 31). He followed up the Indonesian edition of Buddhist religion in olden Javanese texts and the shape of the temple complex in Borobudur for confirmation purposes.

After the coup, when the entire population had to register for a distinct religious denomination, the tally of Buddhists increased and the authority erected additional monasteries. Buddhist followers continued augmenting in number, a factor related to the unsure standing of Confucianism. The government officially adhered to Confucianism because it was a representation of ethical relations and not a denomination (Intan, 2006 p. 142).

Though various groups approach the Buddhist faith in diverse ways, a core feature of faith is the appreciation of the noble truths and the Eightfold pathway. The four truths encompass the affirmation that existence pitted with suffering and the root of suffering is the desire for worldly material. It affirms that suffering halts when craving stops. The Eightfold path results into enlightenment and...


Originally, Buddhism was an intellectual dogma and linked to the supernatural. Political necessity and individual emotional want to escape the worldly adversities through a supernatural divinity have resulted in alterations. In numerous ways, Buddhism is immensely individualistic with every man and woman fully responsible for themselves (Kipp, 2002 p. 253). Any person can meditate solely, and no temple is mandatory. Additionally, no clergy is pertinent as intermediaries. The society offers pagodas and temples to encourage the proper mind frame to aid the worshippers in their self-awareness and commitment.


Indonesia has the most populated Muslim societies in the entire globe. It is also a haven to other significant religious communities of Hindus, Buddhists, Christians and Confucians among other minor religions. Indonesia has a lengthy history of religious and cultural pluralism with the peaceful coexistence of numerous diverse religions, cults and cultural entities. Presently, the government pledges religious freedom for six formally recognized religions. However, there is controversy and conflict between the religious denominations and the government (Vroom, 2002 p. 176). In Indonesia, various interfaith affiliations enhance and encourage cooperation, respect and peaceful dialogue between the involved them in appreciation of these tensions. In the present, Indonesia is the largest democratic Islamic center and poses as an example of a pluralistic society with religions that communicate and coexist with each other.


Esposito, J. (2000). Islam in Asia: Religion, Politics and Society, Oxford: Oxford University Press on Demand.

Vroom, H. (2002) Religion, Conflict and Reconciliation: Multifaith Ideals and Realities, Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Intan, B. (2006) Public Religion and the Pancasila-based State of Indonesia: An Ethical and Sociological Analysis, Alexandria: Peter Lang.

Heinrich, S. (2005) Key into Indonesia, Melbourne: Curriculum Press.

Kipp, R. (2002) Indonesian Religions in Transition, Tucson: University…

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