Smoking Cessation -- Outline
Smoking vs. illegal drugs
Desire to return to smoking
The business of smoking cessation
Dangers and the Surgeon General's warning
Smoking Cessation Programs
Smoking cigarettes has been found to be even more addictive than using many illegal drugs. Because of this, those that choose to quit smoking often struggle with it, and many of them return to smoking, even after quitting for a long period of time. Some people that have stopped smoking years ago state that they still have the urge for a cigarette, especially when others around them are smoking. Smoking cessation has become a large and booming business as more and more people try to kick the habit to avoid many of the problems that smoking can cause, such as lung cancer and heart disease. Smokers, on average, die sooner than non-smokers, and they have higher instances of cancer and heart problems (Leary & Miller, 1986, Pearce, 2001). This does not mean that all smokers will suffer obvious ill affects, but enough of them do that the surgeon general has been putting warnings...
It is important, therefore, to look at the main ways that people attempt to quit smoking, and the success rates that these different ways have. It is also important to look at the education of smoking cessation that is offered to young people and others, since the facts about smoking are more clear and are backed up by more scientific evidence than they used to be. This makes some of the education area easier, but it is still difficult to educate many young people on the dangers of smoking because they generally do not take health problems seriously at their age (Pearce, 2001).
There are many different ways that people try to quit smoking. One of those ways is to use pills that are prescribed, and while these are being developed, they are not on the market yet. These pills interrupt the good feelings that many people get from smoking and therefore reduce the desire to smoke (Pearce, 2001). If these pills are put on the market, it is quite possible that many more people would be able to quit smoking, but like all medications, they will quite likely have side effects that may be problematic for some people. Another way to quit smoking is to use the nicotine patch. This patch is already available, and it is used to help put nicotine into the bloodstream so that the urge to light a cigarette is diminished. The patch works by gradually lessening the amount of nicotine received, thereby weaning the person off of the addiction to cigarettes (Legge & Leeper, 2002). The same idea is true for the nicotine gum that many people chew in an attempt to quit smoking (Pearce, 2001). It works basically the same way as the patch, but it also allows for the mouth to have something to do. Using the patch or the gum helps with the success rate, but there are still more people that go back to smoking than those that remain smoke-free. Those…
Smoking Cessation Smoking is a central factor in many pathological conditions. Nearly all smokers have at least some idea of the risks associated with the practice yet chose to smoke anyway. The adverse effects of tobacco use on cardiopulmonary function are well established and recognized; less evident, but equally important, is its impact on all aspects of physical therapist practice, including integumentary, musculoskeletal, and neuromuscular health (Pignataro, Ohtake, & Dino, 2012).
Smoking Cessation Studies of six diverse communities in Chicago, poor women under welfare reform and Medicaid recipients as well as a focus group of seniors concerning smoking cessation showed that 1) populations do vary in their smoking behavior and ability to stop smoking and 2) programs must be developed to target specific demographics. Although prior studies showed that poorer individuals have worse health, comparatively less research has been conducted specifically on a
Smoking Cessation Interventions Psychosocial and Pharmacological Interventions on Smoking Of the many causes of death in the world, coronary heart disease (CHD) remains one of the top global killers with an estimated 7.2 million people dying each year (Howell, 2011). The United States comprises a great majority of this mortality rate, which is approximately 450, 000 deaths in the United States alone (Capewell, et.al, 2010). Fortunately, since the 1970s CHD mortality rates
Smoking Cessation Health Belief Model According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2012) smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. It is estimated that there are more than 43 million adults who currently smoke in the United States. Of these 53% are men and 47% are women. Tobacco use is responsible for causing many diseases and reducing the health of smokers in general. The adverse effects of smoking
The competition is tough all the way around, and companies are tight financially in making ends meet for all employees that are trying to help others survive around the globe (Peto, Darby, Deo, Silcocks, Whitley, & Doll, 2000). Public health priorities are an issue that could arise at any given time in trying to get adults to stop smoking. For example, if an emergency occurs with someone who has received
When you see a sharp decline, this is an indication that the chances have increased that the person will have a heart attack. To determine effect of EPC's on heart disease in smokers, researchers would survey 15 different smokers. The results were that EPC's were lower in heavy smokers and increased if someone was a light smoker. When a person quit smoking, the underlying levels of EPC's would dramatically