¶ … Society
We all live within societies and we are the consistency of the society. As families and as individuals, we play roles and responsibilities that when combined point towards a given trend and charters of a larger group, hence the society.
An ideal society is one that constitutes people with similar life patterns which are mutual and beneficial to each member of that particular group. The infiltration of people with divergent interests interferes with the consistency of that society hence should be deterred by whatever means possible.
The Oxford Dictionary (2012), refers to a society as "The aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community." The society is also defined "The community of people living in a particular region and having shared customs, laws, and organizations."
More often than not, the term society is confused with family, it is worth noting that the family is just one subset under the society umbrella. This is because the family can have some rules and norms that are peculiar just to the family, shaped by their background or lineage. The family is bound by genealogy yet the society is more inclined towards life patterns. There is also the tendency to use the term society and race interchangeably. This should not be seen as a universally applicable trend since there could be people of the same race but have very divergent life patterns depending on the region from which they come.
Machiavelli successfully expressed what an ideal society would be and what the leaders therein would as well be. In his writing of 'The Prince', Machiavelli took note of the realities of the happenings around him and the issues that dogged the society he lived in on a daily basis. He saw shrewd, harsh, deceitful, uncaring, angry and inconsistent society around him. He therefore expressed the need of leadership that matches the society as it is not as it should be.
There are quite a number of qualities that Machiavelli outlines about a leader but the most significant have to do with how a leader is supposed to keep faith with the subjects and the art of war. Most of the shaping is done within the .society and the shaping forces are from within the society itself. A practical example is in the contemporary times, we cannot have the same kind of society, with the same kind of leaders (and leadership styles) as was in the early 1900s, and this is based on the changing terrorism trends and border security issues. The American society has vastly changed over the last two decades to come to match the terrorism events, and so did the leadership as well. This carries along the thesis of the similarity in life patterns as the American lifestyle must be revolved around ensuring security issues, and this is a commonly shared attribute.
On how to act towards the art of war and treat the enemies, Machiavelli indicates that the prince should learn nothing except war, its rules and the discipline. He indicated that this study of war is the sole art of the rulers. As they learn the art of war, they are bound to teach the members of the society the same so that they are at par. This is the reason for the various counterterrorism trainings across the U.S.A., the massive and willing volunteerism to fight American wars against the terrorists and the continued support for the military budget however heavy it is, it receives the least resistance. Machiavelli feels the art of war should be learnt by every member of the society depending on the situation and the leader as well as the society should be ready for war at any time (Constitution Society, 2011).
About the leaders in the society being faithful and keep the faith between him and the followers, Machiavelli again has a different view from Plato. He insists that from the experience, rulers who have successfully led in the world have had very little regard for faith and they have learned the skills of circumventing the intellect of the followers by great craft, at the end they have…
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